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Transcript of Reading
determinated Phonemes and graphems
matched Pronunciation Meaning Criticism 26 40 ? blend the sounds != get the word P oh it's P 1/3s or 1/4s = 60 words/min 250-350words/min but average is meaning first please! 'HO__ __ __' assign value to 'O' read 'READ' if you can 'house', 'horse', 'hot', 'hoot' 'My father speaks English' 'My Dad speaks English' as past experience, language
intuitions and expectations selective aspects
of print meaning sound,pronunciation
if necessary SHORTCOMINGS OF TOP-DOWN MODEL fails to distinguis between beginning readers and fluent readers Bottom-up Top-down Frame and scheme theory ING is more than just the words on the page frames scripts scenarios schemata Mynsky's frame theory Scheme theory Bartlett Widdowson systematic level schematic level READING Schema theory by Bartlet and Widdowsen systematic level schematic level phonology morphology syntax background knowledge Research into reading in a second language Aslanian(1985) multiple choice/gap text correct answers for wrong reason wrong answer for adequate knowledge Nunan(1985) 100 second language high school students I II longer term learners recently arrived immigrants Background knowledge was was a more significant factor than grammatical complexity Widdowson suggested that second languages might be taught through the other subjects on the curriculum. While wedding ceremonies vary, common features of a wedding include a ketubah (marriage contract) which is signed by two witnesses, a wedding canopy (chuppah or huppah), a ring owned by the groom that is given to the bride under the canopy, and the breaking of a glass.
Technically, the wedding process has two distinct stages: kiddushin (sanctification or dedication, also called erusin) and nissuin (marriage), when the couple start their life together. On the wedding day, an apple on a stick is placed up high in a tree and the groom has to come and shoot the apple down with a rifle. This is to gain the rights to see the girl. If the groom misses the apple, then he's not going to get married. Once the apple had been shot down, a small party was held and the bride would get ready to go to the church or registry office, accompanied by the local brass band. Perception study Types of reading text Genre theory function of the text will determine the structure and the language that text contains In the classroom Several types of reading may occur in a language classroom. A. Oral