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Chapter Seven ; Section One

World History Honors Kyrie, Tairyn, and Claire White 1

Tairyn soczek

on 12 October 2012

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Transcript of Chapter Seven ; Section One

Kyrie, Tairyn, and Claire Chapter Seven ; Section One Chandragupta Maurya Builds an Empire For eight hundred years after the Gupta era ended, India languished in an mess of political confusion, with only temporary periods of political unity. The Gupta dynasty is believed to have started as a wealthy family from either Magadha or Prayaga The Gupta Empire World History Honors A Period of Turmoil Chandragupta Maurya In 326 BCE, Chandragupta Maurya
was a young teenager when Alexander the Great of Macedonia invaded India. Chandragupta Maurya was born sometime around 340 BCE Chandragupta Maurya (340-roughly 295 B.C.)
was the first emperor of the Maurya Empire in northern India. He was born into the powerful kingdom of Magadha. Timeline 320 B.C 321 B.C Chandragupta Kills the king and claims the throne 301 B.C Chandragupta's son assumes the throne 269 B.C Chandragupta's grandson Asoka becomes king. Height of the Mauryan Empire 232 B.C Asoka Dies 500 Years of turmoil follow
Asoka's Death A.D 320 Chandra Gupta I Becomes King. A.D 335 Chandra's son Samudra becomes king A.D 375 Chandra Gupta II becomes king. Gupta Empire reaches its height A.D 415 Chandra Gupta II Dies First Huns, then Turks, and finally Mongols invaded the land; their wars against Hindu kings and among themselves, as well as internal Hindu conflicts,
contributed largely to the general decline. During the late third century, this family rose in prominence until it was able to claim the local rulership of Magadha. The third Gupta king, Chandra Gupta I, is given credit for founding of the dynasty in 320 AD, though it is not clear whether this year marks the accession of Chandra Gupta or the year his kingdom achieved full independent status. In the following decades, the Guptas expanded their control over the surrounding kingdoms either through militaristic expansion or by means of marriage alliances. Chandra Gupta appointed his son, Samudra Gupta, to the throne sometime around the year 330. The new king established the city of Pataliputra as the Gupta capital, and from this administrative base the empire continued to grow. By approximately 380, it had expanded to include a number of smaller kingdoms to the east (into what is now Myanmar), all territories north to the Himalayas (including Nepal), and the entire Indus Valley region to the west. In some of the more remote areas, the Guptas reinstalled defeated rulers and allowed them to continue to run the territory as a tributary state. Bibliography www.Google.com www.depts.washington.edu World History Textbook www.history-world.org Chapter 7
Section One (Gupta Empire) Created By:
Tairyn, Claire, Kyrie THE END :) In 324 BC. Chandragupta pushed the Macedonian garrisons in Punjab and Sindh out of India. Afterwards he attacked the kingdom of Magadha that controlled the Ganges and conquered it. His mighty army, that he used to conquer the Nnrthern half of the subcontinent, was composed of infantry, cavalry, war elephants and chariots. Under Chandragupta's rule trade flourished. The treasury was filled and the capital Pataliputra was one of the biggest and most beautiful cities in the world. Chandragupta used his wealth to build up a large governing body. Just like the first ruler of united China one century later, the first Emperor of this new Empire had a very important advisor. His name was Kautilya. According to his teachings, the state should control everything. Therefore, the Empire was full of spies. However, there also was tolerance towards private enterprise and there was great local autonomy, bounded by the rules of the state. Even the monarch had his duties.
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