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A model of memeory: the working memeory model

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Kisa Mehdi

on 20 December 2014

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Transcript of A model of memeory: the working memeory model

The models of memory
By: Kisa Mehdi

Short term memory
Further on, in the model there are three important components:
Attention: You need to pay attention to something in order to remember that incident or thought
Coding: you need to give the that thought or incident a name to make it easier for you remember it.
Rehearsal: This means keeping this memory active in your memory, another example could be for example studying for your maths test, so you would rehearsal for tat and keep all the equations active in your brain.

Several stores
This model has three stores in which it explains how attention,coding and rehearsal is accompanied.
Sensory memory: This is where the information is received from attention such as hearing and also from visual.

STM: This is where there is a durance into remembering some memory it has a capacity of 6-12 seconds and after that you forget that thought ever entered your brain. This is lost when not given attention.

Long term memory (LTM)
This is gained when you do al the three component when you give attention,coding and rehearsal this memory stays with you forever in your brain.
Memory
Neurotransmitters
Conclusion
A model of memory: the working memory model
This working memory model was done by Atkinson and Shiffrin in 1968. Further on this memory model was the multi-store model. It was about the research processing and gaining information
This is the Multi-store model which shows us the actual name which is short term memory (STM) however in this model. However it changes when it comes to this model to make it sound better.
The automatic control
This is based on the habits you have nd is controlled rarely automatically by stimuli of the environment. This includes routines procedures like going to your locker to get books.


Supervisory attention level
This deals with emergencies and creates new route, when old ones are no longer needed. For example someone shuts a locker and your hand could have still been there to retrieve books and papers.e
Strengths and limitations
Multi-store model
The first component is that memory consists of separate stores.

The second is that memory processes are continuous. Daily your gaining memory either of the past or present. Either sad moment or happy moments.
The working memory model
Baddeley and Hitch 1974 said that the working memory model, especially the multi-store model, they challenged that the STM is a single component.

So they came up with the central executive, Baddeley has worked on the model, and says this is connected to attention control.
Two componenets
1. Strengths:
The strength of this model is that at the Cognitive revolution, this model was invented and even today scientists use this model, it is quiet helpful and as well as used.
2. Limitations:
Psychologists do not know how much information can be stored in the long term meory, the materials to be gained in coding are not exactly thoughts and facts but it is in some forof outline.
Attention,coding and rehearsal
The strength of this model was that it was somewhat acceptable however it wasn't clear on what it actually meant.

The limitations were that it was only considered for children and not for adults.
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