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Verbals and Verbal Phrases

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on 24 September 2013

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Transcript of Verbals and Verbal Phrases

Verbals and Verbal Phrases
(Participles, Gerunds and Infinitives)


Participles and Participial Phrases
1. A participle is a form of a verb that acts as an adjective.
Participles
Gerunds and Gerund Phrases
1. A gerund is a form of a verb that acts as a noun.
Infinitives and Infinitive Phrases
1. An infinitive is form of verb that comes after the word "to" and acts as a noun, adjective, or adverb.
Gerunds and Infinitives
Verbals and Verbal Phrases
A verbal is a verb form used not as verb but as another part of speech. There are three kinds of verbals.
Example 1
Present Participle
Example 2
Past Participle
The wrecked car was laying on it’s side.
Example 3
Participial Phrase
Example 1 Gerund
Jumping makes your legs stronger.
Example 2 Gerund
Example 3 Gerund Phrase
Kicking the ball helped her hand eye coordination.
Example 1 Infinitive
The very hungry tiger had to eat.
Example 2 Infinitive
After the amazing performance, Sandy had to take a break.
Example 3 Infinitive Phrase
My family loves to dance for fun.
Participles and
Participial Phrases
A participle is a form of a verb that acts as an adjective.
Gerunds and Gerund Phrases
A gerund is a form of a verb that acts as a noun.
Infinitives and Infinitive Phrases
An infinitive is a form of a verb that comes after the word "to" and acts as a noun, adjective, or adverb.
Based on Jim Harvey's speech structures
2. An infinitive phrase is an infinitive with modifiers, a complement, or a subject, all acting together as a single part of speech.
2. A gerund phrase is a gerund with modifiers or a complement, all acting together as a noun.
2. A participial phrase is a present or past participle that is modified by an adverb or adverbial phrase or that has a complement. The entire phrase acts as an adjective in a sentence.
Running, Jory saw a vicious dog.
The participle
is running.
The participle
is wrecked.
Running frantically, Sandy barely noticed the new sign.
The participial phrase is running frantically.
The gerund is jumping.
When I went to Oregon, I enjoyed skiing.
The gerund is skiing.
The gerund phrase is
kicking the ball.
The infinitive is to eat.
The infinitive is to take.
The infinitive phrase is to dance for fun.
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