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Transcript of Global warming
Effect of Global Warming on infectious diseases The effect of global warming on infectious diseases has not become open as the increase in the number of patients with vector borne infectious diseases in Japan. Ichiro Kurane, The Effect of Global Warming on Infectious Diseases, Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives, Volume 1, Issue 1, December 2010, Pages 4-9, ISSN 2210-9099, 10.1016/j.phrp.2010.12.004. Effects of Global Warming What is Global Warming Global Warming is the increase of earth's
average temperature of the surface caused by the green house effect. What Causes Global Warming? Carbon dioxide and other air pollution that is collecting in the atmosphere acts like a thickening blanket, trapping the sun's heat and causing the planet to warm up.
Coal-burning power plants are the largest U.S. source of carbon dioxide pollution -- they produce 2.5 billion tons every year.
Automobiles, are the second largest source, create nearly 1.5 billion tons of CO2 annually.
Here's The Good News:
Technologies that exist today make cars that run cleaner and burn less gas.
Modernize power plants generate electricity from nonpolluting sources, and cut our electricity use through energy efficiency.
However, The challenge is to be sure these solutions are put to use. Global warming is not new, the earth has experienced prolonged periods of global warming . The green house effect is when the sun and other green house gases warm the troposphere and the earth's surface. Why be Concerned ? Global warming is something that needs to be taken care of fast. A rapid increase in the temperature of the troposphere during this century would give us little time to deal with its harmful effects slowly melting and are helping to warm up the troposphere by reflecting less sunlight back to space. Rising Sea Levels projected to flood low-lying urban areas Warmer and More Acidic Seas the ocean will remove and store carbon dioxide by decreasing the nutrient supply for phytoplankton and increasing the acidity of ocean water. Weather Extremes lead to prolonged heat weaves and droughts in some areas and prolonged heavy rains and increase flooding in other areas Effects on People increase deaths from heat and disruption of food and supplies in some areas, spread tropical diseases to temperate areas. Why is it a Difficult Problem? Climate change is hard to deal with because it has many causes such as: The problem is global
The Effect will last a long time
The problem is a long term political issue
The harmful and beneficial impacts of climate change are not spread evenly direct effect on illness
indirect effect on diseases The effects are different depending on the location of the countries. The number of patients with water and food borne diseases are heavily effected by global warming Chloera cases was increased by both high and low rain falls in Bangladesh. Vector borne diseases are indirect , global warming effects the geographical distribution and activity of the vectors. The major mosquito borne infectious diseases are: Malaria, Dengue fever, Japanese encephalitis, and tick borne encephalitis.
The main vectors are Mosquito's and ticks There has been an expansion of the infested areas with A- Albopictus mosquito's. Which is probably being expanded northward. The northern border of the habitat of A- albopictus is well accordant with the are with annual average temperature of 11 degrees Celsius. Which is allow Albopictus mosquito's to migrate northward. Adaptation to Global warming There are multiple adaption measures to the effect on infectious diseases: Vector Control
Development of vaccines and implementation of vaccination
Development of new drugs
Establishment of surveillance and control programs Limitations In The Article Could have been conducted on a wide range of East Asia.
The number of patients that were effected could have been affect with different factors Miller, T. (2007). Living in the environment. (15 ed., pp. 473-479). Belmont,CA: Thomson learning inc. Effect of Global Warming on Water and Food -borne Infectious Diseases