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Copy of APUSH- Romanticism

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Katharen Hedges

on 31 October 2012

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Transcript of Copy of APUSH- Romanticism

Transcendentalists Brook Farm Ralph Waldo Emerson Herman Melville The Romantic Period Henry David Thoreau HUDSON RIVER SCHOOL New Harmony Nationalism and Romanticism in American Painting Literature and the Quest for Liberaion Literature in the Antebellum South Eutopia Margaret Fuller Redefining Gender Roles The Shakers The Defense of Nature The Mormons A.k.a. : The First Environmentalists Civil Disobedience Definition: "Perfect" Society

*Even though transcendentalism was a individualistic philosophy it still inspired that famous experimental community called Brook farm - created by George Ripley
*New form of social organization , residents shared equally in everything (labor, property, etc.) Roxbury, Massachusetts Est. 1841 *Created by Scottish industrialist Robert Owen
*Village of "cooperation"
*worked and lived in equality
*COMPLETE economic failure *Leading transcendentalist and close associate of Emerson
*Said women need to be self reliant, even though they are taught by men The Oneida Community:
*rejected traditional family and marriage roles
*thought to be "free love" society, but monitored sexual behavior
*values liberated women from the traditional bonds of family *Founded by Anne Lee in the 1770's
*Similar to the Oneida Community
*Named for their religous dance (they would shake away their sins)
*completely celibate
*not a birth right but a choice
*complete sexual equality *Writers and Artists who wished to redefine American Society
* Philosophy: Philosophy: *To describe the idea that men and women have an equal understanding of themselves and the world around them that "transcends" or goe sbeyond what they can physically and cognitively sense. A.K.A. : Knowledge comes from intuition and imagination not solely through logic and senses. *Leader and eloquent voice of the transcendentalists
*Produced a significant body of poetry and essays
*Focused on self fulfillment which defines much of American ideals today *Believed "Living Simply" was a desirable alternative to the rapidly modernizing world around him
*Rejected society & government and refused to pay taxes (therefore went to jail)
*Refused to pay taxes to the government because they supported slavery
*Believed separating from the natural world would cause you to lose a substantial part of humanity Definition: Passive resistance
-Public refused to pay unjust law
*Claimed the morality of people was determined by their actions Definition:
Genuine Spirituality-> Argued it came not from formal religion but through communion with the natural world
* Source of human activity and inspiration Characterization :
Religous group that began because of Joseph Smith because he published a document, The book of Mormon, that was named for the ancient prophet he claimed had wrote it.
* Against individual liberty (almost militant)
*Severely prosecuted for poligamy and their radical view points , in response Joseph Smith took them west where they established Salt Lake City Herman Melville:
American poet, novelist, short story writer, and writer.
*Born 1819 in NY
*Ran away as a youth and sailed across the world
*Wrote Moby-Dick
* First writer to have his work published by the library of America
*First great school of American Painters in NY
*Consisted of artists like Fredric Church, Thomas Cole, Thomas Doughty, Asher Durand, etc
*Focused more on rugged landscape
*Albert Bierstadt and Thomas Moran traveled around the country painting (mostly in the west) *Strived to portray a more natural, powerful, and rugged landscape than Europe 1. The Romantic Impulse was the American Impulse to be more like Europe: T/F?
2. The Hudson River School was the first great school of painters. T/F? 3.Who was the leader of transcendentalists?
A)Thoreau
B)Emerson
c) Utopia
2)True/False Thoreau preferred to live in a modernizing world instead of the natural world? T/F 7. What were the two most famous attempts at utopia?
a. new harmony and peaceful land
b. new harmony and brook farm
c.tracy farm and brook farm
d.tracy farm and peaceful land 8.The shakers would "shake" away their sins. T/F 9.The Mormons were huge advocates for individual liberty and against polygamy? T/F 10. Where was the modern day city of mormons founded?
A. New York
B. Miami, Florida
C. Salt Lake city
D.Lincoln, Nebraska
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