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Turning Points of the French Revolution

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Ben Austin

on 14 March 2013

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Transcript of Turning Points of the French Revolution

Causes Political Economic Social Philosophical French Revolution Major Turning Points Dawn of the Revolution Meeting of the Estates General Who was at the Estates General? First Estate King and Clergy Only 1% of population Wealthiest people in France Second Estate Nobles Only 1% of the population Extremely wealthy as well By: Ben Austin Third Estate Peasants and City Workers Made up 98% of the population Only had 2% of the wealth Why was the Estates General called? Great Turmoil over Financial Crisis Horrible Harvest Effects of Drought Poor get poorer Wheat prices rise significantly Only rich can afford food Luxurious Spending First and Second States spent outrageous amounts of money on luxury: furniture, clothing, houses etc. War Spending The French government was at war, and as a result invested and spent a lot of money on military needs. French people start starving What was the Estates General? The Estate's General is a meeting in which all 3 Estates are "represented" It is when the King listens to citizens in the country to hear what they think about relevant issues Although all voices are heard, ultimately the King makes the last decision. Seldom used, last called to order in 1614 Where did the Estates General take place? Ironically, the Estates-General took place at the Palace of Versailles: the epitome of luxurious spending When was the Estates General? The Estates General opened on May 5, 1789 How did the Estates General go? Results of the Estates General Final Decision The point of the Estates General is not to make a ruling, it is to update and encourage the King to make a decision. No matter what is said, the King has the absolute final word. The Kings final word was that literally nothing would change... the same economic choices that had gotten them into this mess would apparently get them out. Voting Procedure Voting would be done by order Basically, each Estate would have 1/3 of the vote So 2% of the population (1st and 2nd Estates) get 2/3 of the voting And 98% (3rd Estate) would get 1/3 of the vote Reaction of 3rd Estate The 3rd Estate was not happy, they were living in extreme poverty and the government was doing absolutely nothing to help them. As a result of being locked out of a session at the Estates-General, the spearhead of the campaign, Maximilien Robespierre starts off the start of the revolution. Tennis Court Oath Absolute Monarchy King Louis XVI Held all power of government People had no power Inequality at Estates General Political Power King Louis XVI 25 Million citizens Voting by order 1st Estate Second Estate Third Estate 2% of the Population 98% of population 66% of the vote 33% of the vote POLITICAL INEQUALITY Even after the Estate's General had made its decision, the final choice still rested in the hands of the King. First Estate First Estate Second Estate Distribution of Money 98% of the Population Works Hardest Pays all of the Taxes 1% of the Population All of the power and money 1% of the Population No taxes All of the power and money No physical labor No physical labor No taxes Very minimal wages Luxurious Spending War Spending Bad Harvest Financial Crisis Hardworking Peasants Money 3rd Estate 2nd Estate 1st Estate 98% of population No power Impossible to get out of 3rd Estate 1% of population Power Born into 1% of the population Power Born into 3 Estates No Social Mobility You could not get out of your class, the class that you were born into was the class that you would stay with for your entire life. Enlightenment Challenged the Age of Absolutism Started to make people think for themselves Natural Rights The Enlightenment Philosophes believed that all people had the right of Life, Liberty, and Property. They also believed the Government should protect these rights. Who was at the Tennis Court Oath? Members of the Third Estate What was the Tennis Court Oath? Why was this oath taken? Where did the Tennis Court Oath take place? When did the Tennis Court Oath happen? How did the Tennis Court Oath effect the Revolution? A vow that the people who were representing the Third Estate at the Estates General took when they found that they were locked out of the Estates General. The Tennis Court Oath stated that the signers of the Oath would not stop fighting until a new Constitution was signed. The oath was taken because the Third Estate felt neglected by the government. The Tennis Court Oath was first taken outside of the Palace of Versailles in a handball court. The Tennis Court Oath was first created on June 20, 1789 The Tennis Court Oath was the beginning of the Revolution, it was the first step to finding people who wanted to change the government. Revolutionary Acts Storming of the Bastille What was the Storming of the Bastille? Who participated in the Storming of the Bastille? Why did the Storming of the Bastille occur? Where did the Storming of the Bastille take place? When did the Storming of the Bastille happen? How did the Storming of the Bastille effect the French Revolution? The Storming of the Bastille was one of the first acts of revolt. Angry people who felt threatened by the government, and felt as though it was their turn to rebel. The Storming of the Bastille occured because the people involved in France had heard rumors that there were French soldiers coming to Paris, in response to this many people felt as though they needed to defend themselves. The Bastille had armor and guns, and most importantly gunpowder. The Storming of the Bastille took place at the Bastille, the Bastille was a prison and also a place where lots of ammunition and guns were stored. On July 14, 1789 The Storming of the Bastille not only gave the revolutionaries weapons and ammunition that they would later use to fight against the government, it also proved to the French government and the world that they were serious and powerful. Women's March What was the Women's March? The Women's March was a movement where Women traveled 12 miles from Paris to Versailles, once the mob got to Versailles they demanded that the King and Queen move to Paris. The King did not respond for a while, the mob got mad, when the mob get mad they stormed Versailles killing guards and many others. Eventually the King and Queen moved too Paris. Who participated in the Women's March? Women. Fishmongers, workers, these were not faint or gentle women, they were strong and big angry women who were fed up with how the government was treating them. Why did the Women's March happen? The Women's March occured because these women were mad at the government and felt as though they were being treated unfairly. Where did the Women's March take place? The Women's March took place at the Palace of Versailles. When did the Women's March take place? The Women's March took place on October 5, 1789. How did the Women's March have an effect on the French Revolution? The Women's March on Versailles had gigantic effects on the French Revolution. By taking going to the Kings doorstep, breaking in, and moving the King to the capital of the City many strengths were shown. First the fact that people could break through the King's forces proved how powerful the people were, and also by moving the King too Paris it would force him to realize what was going on outside of the bubble that was Versailles. Revolutionary Reforms Declaration of the Rights of Man What is the Declaration of the Rights of Man? The Declaration of the Rights of Man is an article which states that all man have three natural rights: life, liberty, and property, and it is the job of the government to protect these rights. Who wrote the Declaration of the Rights of Man? Maximilien Robespierre and fellow Jacobins. Why was the Declaration of the Rights of Man written? The Declaration was written because Robespierre and co. wanted to specify what a government should do, and what a person should be able to do. Where did the Writing of the Declaration of Rights of Man take place? The document was written in saloons across Paris. When did the Writing of the Declaration of the Rights of Man finally become adopted? The document became adopted on August 23, 1989. How did the Declaration of the Rights of Man effect the French Revolution? This Declaration laid out what the Jacobins and revolutionaries thought was an ideal system of government and how human nature worked, as a result this document would become the basis for the French Revolutiion. Radical Phase Republic under the National Convention and the Death of King Louis Reign of Terror Reign of Terror What was the Reign of Terror? The Reign of Terror was a portion of the Revolution in which Robespierre and co. went around France killing anyone suspected of being a traitor with a guillotine. Who was involved in the Reign of Terror? Robespierre and his followers: The Jacobins Why did the Reign of Terror happen? The Reign of Terror occured as a result of fear on the part of the Jacobins. They were scared because many countries were attacking French borders and getting closer to Russia, Robespierre was extremely alert for any spy that would be able to give the enemies any sort of inteligence. When did the Reign of Terror happen? The Reign of Terror happened from 1793-1794. Where did the Reign of Terror take place? The Reign of Terror took place all throughout France, literally anyone accused of event he slightest thing was killed. How did the Reign of Terror effect the Revolution? The Reign of Terror effected the Revolution greatly, as a result of the Reign of Terror many inside of Robespierre's group turned on him, thus altering the change of power to the great military leader: Napoleon Bonaparte. Napoleon Bonaparte The King vetoed every single law that was put in front of him. As a result he was executed on January 17, 1794 Napoleon starts to establish himself Gains support Leads various campaigns Declared emperor Napoleon attempts to break off trade with Great Britain, it backfires and the French economy collapses Napoleon is exiled to the Island of Elba, he returns and attempts to beat enemies at the battle of Waterloo, but is defeated and exiled again.
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