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Transcript of Civil War
Jillian Avis Civil War The Union was invading unfamiliar land. The Union had to travel long distances to transport troops and supplies. The Union had to conquer a lot of land. The Union soldiers weren't as well trained. Fort Sumter North Weaknesses July 1st-3rd,1863 Gettysburg Fort Sumter located in Charleston Harbor, South Carolina. The fort is best known as the site upon which the shots witch started the American Civil War were fired, at the Battle of Fort Sumter on April 12 1861. Emancipation Proclamation In September of 1862, after the Union's victory at Antietam, Lincoln stated that unless the rebellious states returned to the Union by January 1, freedom would be granted to slaves within those states. No Confederate states took the offer, and on January 1 Lincoln presented the Emancipation Proclamation. The proclamation said "all persons held as slaves within any states, or designated part of the state, the people whereof shall be in rebellion against the United States, shall be then, thenceforward, and forever free."
The Emancipation Proclamation didn't free all slaves in the United States, but it declared free only the slaves living in states not under Union control. Lincoln didn't want to lose the support of the slave states loyal to the Union, so he didn't set the slaved in the north free. The proclamation allowed slave soldiers to fight for the Union - soldiers that were desperately needed. It also tied the issue of slavery directly to the war. South Weaknesses More than 1/3 of the south population was enslaved, therefore they had fewer people who could be soldiers. South had a small population of 9 million, where the north had 22 million. South had few railroads to move troops and vital supplies. They had few supplies. Vicksburg UNION: 806 killed, 3,940 wounded, 164 missing & captured, 4,910 total. CONFEDERATE: 805 killed, 1,938 wounded, 29,620 missing & captured, 32,492 total. Ulysses S. Grant and the Union army had been trying to capture Vicksburg, Mississippi, but they couldn't because they were blocked by the Confederate soldiers. The Union pretended to try to capture Bruinsburg, Mississippi, then went back to capture Vicksburg. Union victories at Champion Hill and Big Black Bridge weakened the Confederate forces, leaving the Confederate leader with no alternative but to retreat to Vicksburg's defenses. The Union went to attack the Confederates, but were met with such great loss that the Union left the city in order to avoid any further loss. Later, the Confederates surrendered. With the Mississippi River in the Union's hands, they had an even bigger chance of winning. BUTTS BUTT BUTTS BUTTS BOOTYSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSS North Strengths Thanks for watching!! Large navy and fleet of trading ships. Larger population. Resources like gold, iron, and copper. More farms. Controlled the seas. 70% of nations rail roads to
transport food and troops --------------------------------------------------- South Strengths Excellent military leadership.
Larger territory, harder for the Union to conquer. Knew the territory they were fighting on Essential Question “What factors and events influenced the outcome of the Civil War?” The population of each side had a lot to do with the outcome of the Civil War (the North's population was bigger than the South's). The size and familiarity of the land influenced how some of the battles happened (like how the Souths land was bigger, and unfamiliar to the North). The resources each side had helped too. Battle of Gettysburg was fought July 1–3, 1863, in and around the town of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. It was the battle with the largest number of casualties in the American Civil War and is often described as the war's turning point