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The Flying Ace
Transcript of The Flying Ace
Where's the Barron The Flying Ace The Red Barron Take Off The Richthofen Family Lothar Siegfried Freiherr von Richthofen (1894 - 1922) Bolko Karl Freiherr von Richthofen (1903 - 1971) The mother:
Cunegonde Baroness von Richthofen (1868 - 1962) The Father: Albrecht Phillip Karl Julius Freiherr von Richthofen (1859 - 1920) Horse-back riding Gymnastics Hunting Hobbys He enrolled at the military school at Wahlstatt at age 11 and then attended the Royal Military Academy at Lichterfelde. He was a better athlete than he was a scholar, and soon became a cavalry officer. He was commissioned in April 1911 in the 1st Regiment of Uhlans Kaiser Alexander III, and promoted to Lieutenant in 1912. FACT! Wahlstatt Academy Wahlstatt Academy Early War Life He was at the top, maybe not here. He and his regime were soon 'dismounted' and then had to serve as dispatch runners and telephone operators. Making my way up! I'm at the top! But close enough.
(HERE!) Calvary Officer Disappointed and bored at not being able to be in combat, the last straw for Richthofen was when he was ordered to transfer to the army's supply branch. Richthofen Coat of Arms THE FLYING ACE: THE RED Barron Fact! During his lifetime, he was more often described in German as Der Rote Kampfflieger, translated as The Red Battle Flyer or The Red Fighter Pilot.
Richthofen's other nicknames include "Le Diable Rouge" ("Red Devil") or "Le petit Rouge" ("Little Red") in French, and the "Red Knight" in English. Nick Name's He applied for a transfer to the Imperial German Army Air Service, later to be known as the Luftstreitkräfte. He is supposed to have written in his application for transfer "I have not gone to war in order to collect cheese and eggs, but for another purpose". In spite of this unmilitary attitude, and to his own surprise, his request was granted, and he joined the flying service at the end of May 1915. He went from, HERE It can only get better! To HERE Hey! wait a sec i'm supposed to be up there Dispatch Runner & Telephone operator Over Here! Supply Branch Then to Here! Hooray! In Imperial German Army Air Service Barron's Piloting Career Was an observer on reconnaissance missions over the Eastern Front with "No. 69 Flying Squadron".On being transferred to the Champagne front, he shoot down an attacking French aircraft with his machine gun in a tense battle over French lines; however, he was not credited with the kill, since it fell behind Allied lines and could not be confirmed. March 1916 Meeting of the German ace fighter pilot Oswald Boelcke, Richthofen entered training as a pilot. He joined "No. 2 Bomber Squadron (Geschwader)" flying a two-seater (Albatros C.III). He appeared to be a below average pilot, struggling to control his aircraft, and crashing during his first flight at the controls. October 1915. Despite this poor start, he soon got used to his aircraft and, as if in confirmation, over Verdun on , he fired on a French airplane, downing it over Fort Douaumont, although once again, he got no official credit. A week later, he decided to ignore more experienced pilots' advice against flying through a thunderstorm, and later said that he had been "lucky to get through the weather", and vowed never again to fly in those conditions unless ordered to. August - October 1916 November, 23, 1916 April, 26, 1916 He met Oswald Boelcke again. Boelcke was searching east for candidates for his newly formed fighter unit. He selected Richthofen to join Jagdstaffel 2 ("fighter squadron"). Richthofen won his first aerial combat with Jasta 2 over Cambrai, France, on 17 September 1916. Boelcke was killed during a midair collision with an aircraft on 28 October 1916, Richthofen witnessing the event himself. After his first confirmed victory, Richthofen ordered a silver cup engraved with the date and the type of enemy machine from a jeweller in Berlin. He kept doing this until he had 60 cups, by which time the supply of silver in blockaded Germany meant that silver cups like this could no longer be supplied. Richthofen discontinued his orders, rather than accept cups made in pewter or other types of metal. FACT! Richthofen downed his most famous enemy, British ace Major Lanoe Hawker, described by Richthofen himself as "the British Boelcke". FACT! It was his Albatros D.III that was first painted red, in late January 1917, where he first earned his name and reputation. In January 1917, after his 16th confirmed kill, Richthofen received the Pour le Mérite ("The Blue Max"), the highest military honour in Germany at the time. That same month, he was given command of the fighter squadron Jasta 11, which included some of the elite German pilots, many who he trained himself. Several later became leaders of their own squadrons. Ernst Udet (later Colonel-General Udet) was a member of Richthofen's group. The Flying Circus Richthofen led his new unit to success, peaking during "Bloody April" 1917. In that month alone, The Red Barron downed 22 British aircrafts, including four in a single day, raising his official tally to 52. By June he was the commander of the new larger Jagdgeschwader wing formations, leading Jagdgeschwader 1, composed of Jastas 4, 6, 10 and 11. These were highly elucive, combined tactical units that could be sent at short notice to different parts of the front whenever. In this way, JG1 became "The Flying Circus", its name coming both from the unit's mobility and its brightly coloured aircraft. By the end of April, the "Flying Circus" also became known as the "Richthofen Circus." The Pour le Merite On 6 July 1917, during combat near Wervicq, Richthofen got a serious head wound, causing instant disorientation and temporary partial blindness. He regained consciousness in time to ease the aircraft onto a field within friendly territory. The injury required multiple surgeries from the impact area. The air victory was given to Captain Donald Cunnell who was shot down and killed a few days later. The Red Baron returned to active service against his doctor's orders, on 25 July, but went on leave from the 5th of September to the 23rd of October. His wound is thought to have caused lasting damage, as he later often suffered from post-flight nausea and headaches, as well as a change in temperament. There is even a theory that says his injury was the cause of his eventual death. By 1918, Richthofen had become great legend that it was feared that his death would be a blow to the morale of everyone in Germany. Richthofen himself refused to accept a ground job after his wound, stating that the average German soldier had no choice in his duties, and he would continue to fly in combat. Fact! I shall never back down! THE DEATH OF THE RED BARRON Richthofen was fatally wounded just after 11:00 am on April, 21 ,1918, while flying over Morlancourt Ridge, near the Somme River. It was almost certainly during his final 'battle' in his pursuit of May (the pilot chasing him) that Richthofen was hit by a single bullet, which caused such severe damage to his heart and lungs that it must have produced a very speedy death. In the last seconds of his life, he managed to make a quick but controlled landing in a field on a hill near the Bray-Corbie road, just north of the village of Vaux-sur-Somme, in a sector controlled by the Australian Imperial Force. One witness, Gunner George Ridgway, stated that when he and other Australian soldiers reached the aircraft, Richthofen was still alive but died moments not to long after. Another eye witness, Sergeant Ted Smout of the Australian Medical Corps, reported that Richthofen's last word was "kaputt". The plane after it was taken apart by souviner hunters. Buried in France by the British with full military honours, Richthofen's body was later exhumed and reburied in the family cemetery at Wiesbaden. T H E E N D Manfred Albrecht Freiherr von Richthofen "The Red Barron" June to August 1915 RAF Pilots Song by: Horrible Histories P.S: Did'nt have one about the Barron this was the closest video.