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A Vegetarian Diet for Pregnant Women

Pregnancy and Lactation Project

Taylor Bachman

on 14 May 2014

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Transcript of A Vegetarian Diet for Pregnant Women

Vitamin D
Essential Fatty Acids
Energy Needs During Pregnancy
When you are pregnant you are eating for you and your child. So as the child grows, so will your energy needs.
Additional calories need per trimester:
First Trimester: Normal caloric intake
Second Trimester: Around 350 extra calories
Third Trimester: Around 450 extra calories

Pregnant Women
Taylor Bachman
Rhonda Sanders

Nutrient Needs
Sample Menu for Pregnant Women on a Vegetarian Diet
Vitamin B12
Breastfeeding on a Vegetarian Diet
A Vegetarian Diet for

1 cup ready-to-eat cereal topped with 1/4 cup raisins and 1 cup fortified soymilk
2 slices whole-wheat toast with 2 tablespoons almond butter
3/4 cup calcium-fortified fruit juice

Sandwich with 1/2 cup baked tofu, 2 slices whole-grain bread and lettuce
2 cups tossed salad with herbs and lemon juice
1 piece fruit

1 cup red beans and 1/2 cup rice
1/2 cup cooked broccoli with nutritional yeast
1 cup spinach salad
1 cup fortified soymilk

2 tablespoons nuts
1 cup mixed fruit
4 whole-wheat crackers
*Be sure to include a reliable source of vitamin B12, such as many prenatal vitamins or fortified nondairy milk or cereal.

For a Pregnant Women on a Vegetarian Diet
A main concern for women who are on a vegetarian diet when pregnant is that they will not get enough of the nutrients that are needed for a healthy pregnancy and a healthy baby.
If you eat the right foods and take prenatal supplements you can continue on a vegetarian diet when pregnant.
The following slides are information about specific nutrients that are needed for a healthy fetal development and sources of these nutrients.
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Tofu and soy beans
Dark green leafy vegetables
Bok choy
Sunflower seeds
Almond butter
Dairy milk
Calcium-fortified nondairy milk, cereals, and juices
Good Sources of Calcium:
Calcium needs can be easily met on a vegetarian diet.
Calcium is important for fetal bone development.
During pregnancy, maternal calcium increases, so there is no need to increase calcium intake.
Whitney, Eleanor Noss; Rolfes, Sharon Rady (2012-07-27). Understanding Nutrition (Page 482). Cengage Textbook. Kindle Edition.
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The brain is largely made of lipid material, and it depends heavily on
the long-chain omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids for its growth, function, and structure.

Whitney, Eleanor Noss; Rolfes, Sharon Rady (2012-07-27). Understanding Nutrition (Page 153 & 481). Cengage Textbook. Kindle Edition.
Oils (canola, flaxseed, soybean, walnut, wheat germ, liquid or soft margarine made from canola or soybean oil)
Nuts and seeds (flaxseeds, walnuts, soybeans)
Vegetables (soybeans)
Good Sources of Omega-3 and Omega-6 Fatty Acids
If you do not like the foods listed below, essential fatty acids can also be taken by way of supplement.
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Folate is necessary to prevent neural tube defects and other defects in the fetus.
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Folate consumption during pregnancy should be increased.
Good Sources of Folate
Dark leafy greens
Fortified cereals
Folate should be taken in supplements because adequate amount cannot usually be consumed in a diet.
Protein is a main concern for pregnant women when on a vegetarian diet, but it can be met.
Whole grains
Beans and legumes
Soy products
Nuts and seeds.
Good Sources of Protein:
Protein is need for growth and development of the fetus and the mother.
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Iron needs increase during pregnancy to aid in the development of the fetus and placenta and to maintain increased maternal blood volume.
Whole and enriched grains
Nuts and seeds
Dark green vegetables
Dried fruit
Blackstrap molasses
Good Sources of Iron:
Eating or taking iron supplements along with a source of calcium will aid in iron absorption.
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Fortified cereals
Meat substitutes
Nondairy milk
Nutritional yeast
Good Sources of Vitamin B12:
Vitamin B12 is important to prevent defects in the fetus.
Vitamin B12 should be included in a supplement as well as in the diet, because it is harder for vegetarians to get enough in their diet.
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Vitamin D deficiency can result in rickets in the infant and osteomalacia in the mother.
Whitney, Eleanor Noss; Rolfes, Sharon Rady (2012-07-27). Understanding Nutrition (Page 482). Cengage Textbook. Kindle Edition.
It is essential for calcium absorption.
Good Sources of Vitamin D:
Fortified milk and cereals
Vitamin D is included in many prenatal supplements.
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Good Sources of Zinc:
Whole grains
Zinc is required for DNA and RNA synthesis and thus for protein synthesis and
cell development.

Whitney, Eleanor Noss; Rolfes, Sharon Rady (2012-07-27). Understanding Nutrition (Page 482). Cengage Textbook. Kindle Edition.
Zinc is hard to absorb on a plant-based diet, so a prenatal supplement including zinc is important.
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A breastfeeding woman's diet should reflect that of a pregnant woman.
However, energy needs do increase from pregnancy to lactation.
Calorie Needs During Lactaion:
•During the First 6 Months: +330 cal
•During the Second 6 Months: +400

Whitney, Eleanor Noss; Rolfes, Sharon Rady (2012-07-27). Understanding Nutrition (Page 493). Cengage Textbook. Kindle Edition.
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Image References:
Image 1: http://themagnesiummiracle.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/05/pregnant-woman.jpg
Image 2: http://www.salute-e-benessere.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/04/Gravidanza-6-Cibi-Da-Evitare.jpg
Image 3: http://imworld.aufeminin.com/dossiers/D20121221/diet-during-pregnancy-5-160222_L.jpg
Image 4: http://blog.missionforhealth.com.au/wp-content/uploads/2013/07/Nutrition-during-pregnancy-Calcium.jpg
Image 5: http://www.mnn.com/sites/default/files/pregnant%20nuts.jpg
Image 6: http://www.nibletblog.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/07/iStock_000024151958Small.jpg
Image 7: http://www.babymed.com/sites/default/files/pregnant%20woman%20eating%20broccoli.jpg
Image 8: http://www.ozonator.com/grm/wp-content/uploads/2013/04/vegetarian-sources-of-protein.jpg
Image 9: http://www.morningsicknessinpregnancy.com/images/eating-cereal.jpg
Image 10: http://rewards4mom.s3.amazonaws.com/2014/04/enjoy-the-sun.jpg
Image 11: http://simplehomemade.net/wp-content/uploads/2011/03/prenatal-vitamins.jpg
Image 12: http://healthblog.ncpa.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/12/nutrient-food-for-pregnant-woman.png
Image 13: http://admin.drhealth.md/wp-content/uploads/Lactation.jpg
Whitney, Eleanor Noss; Rolfes, Sharon Rady (2012-07-27). Understanding Nutrition (Page 469-496). Cengage Textbook. Kindle Edition.
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