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Humanist Education in the Renaissance

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Gideon Burton

on 17 November 2011

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Transcript of Humanist Education in the Renaissance

humanist education
dr. gideon burton
brigham young university
Medieval
Education

Renaissance
Education

The Trivium
grammar
rhetoric
logic
Renaissance
views on language & literature
vernacular languages inferior
Latin and Greek idealized
literature preserves social institutions
imitating classical uses of language
can revive classical glories
form, style, expression
as valuable as ideas
analysis
genesis
of texts
composing speeches / writing
parts of speech ("parsing")
identifying syntax
morphology and diction
branches of oratory
analysis of arguments
genre of text
audience
occasion
figures of speech
imitation
variation
amplification
Run by, prep. for clergy
Vulgate Bible
Thomas Aquinas, Church Fathers (like Augustine)

Aristotle
Galen
Ecclesiastical (church-run)
secular & pre-professional
Few Ancient Authorities
Aristotle
Galen
Latin
Neo-Latin
Literature-centered
The Vulgate Bible
Cicero, Homer, Vergil, Terence, Ovid, Horace
literature
literacy
same content, change form
sentence
paragraph
entire speech or text
same form, change content
"Beauty is in the eye of the beholder"
"Music is in the ear of the listener"
An essay by Cicero on “amicitia” (friendship)
An essay by the student on “avaritia” (greed)
paraphrase the original
translate genres
“Consistency is the hobgoblin of little minds”
“Getting hung up on the status quo is petty”
prose
poetry
Copia
"Your letter pleased me greatly"
of yours
of your making
(prepositional phrases)
your incomparable letter
(add intensifying adjective)
epistle, note, memo
missive
(synonyms)
words from your pen
the lines that you jotted
gem,
pearls of wisdom
(phrase for word)
(clause for word)
(metaphor)
delighted
refreshed
I was pleased by
flooded me
(with joy)
(metaphor)
(passive construction)
(synonyms)
intensely
wonderfully
in a big way,
as only few things do
in no small scale
like food does a glutton
(synonyms)
(adverbial phrases)
(opposities / negatives)
(similes)
Didn't your letter
just thill me?
Your letter did in no way
displease me
(statement into question)
(negatives or litotes)
"Your letter pleased me greatly"
"Your letter pleased me greatly"
Your letter mightily pleased me.
To a wonderful degree did your letter please me.
Me exceedingly did your letter please.
By your letter was I mightily pleased.
I was exceeding pleased by your letter.
Your epistle exhilarated me intensely
I was intensely exhilarated by your epistle.
Your brief note refreshed my spirits in no small measure
I was in no small measure refreshed in spirit by your grace's hand.
From your affectionate letter I received unbelievable pleasure.
Your affectionate letter brought me unbelievable pleasure.
Your pages engendered in me an unfamiliar delight.I conceived a wonderful delight from your pages.
Your lines conveyed to me the greatest joy.
The greatest joy was brought to me by your lines.
We derived great delight form your excellency's letter.
From my dear Faustus' letter I derived much delight.
In these Faustine letters I found a wonderful kind of delectation.
At your words a delight of no ordinary kind came over me.
was singularly delighted by your epistle.
To be sure your letter delighted my spirits!
Your brief missive flooded me with inexpressible Joy.
As a result of your letter, I was suffused by an unfamiliar gladness.
Your communication poured vials of joy on my head.
Your epistle afforded me no small delight.
The perusal of your letter charmed my mind with singular delight.
Your epistle was delightful to a degree.
Your letter affected me with extraordinary gladness.
As a result of your letter I was affected with singular gladness.
Your epistle was the great joy to me.
Your missive was to me a very great delight.
Your epistle was an incredible joy to me.
How exceedingly agreeable did we find your epistle!
You could scarce credit with relief I find your missive.
Your epistle was to us one of great delightfulness.
Your letter was very sweet to me.Your letter was the source of singular gladness.
Your letter mad em positively jump for joy.
Your letter having arrived, I was transported with joy.
When your letter was delivered, I was filled with delight.
On receipt of your letter, an incredible delight seized my spirits.
Once I had read your affectionate letter, I was carried away with a strange happiness.
Your epistle poured the balm of happiness over me.
Your writing to me was the most delightful thing possible.
The fact that you had written to me was extremely pleasurable to me.
Your honoring me with a letter was the most agreeable of occurrences.
Your brief note mad me burst with joy.
How overjoyed I was by your letter!
I was both please and delighted that you communicated with me by letter.
When your letter arrived, you could have seen me jumping for all the joy I felt.
That you paid your respect by letter was assuredly a satisfaction to me.
Nothing more wished for than your letter could have been growth me.
Your letter has reached us, and eagerly looked for it was.
Nothing more desire than your letter could have ben brought us .
Not unpleasing was your epistle tome.
Your by no means displeasing letter has arrived.
Your missive by no means failed of a welcome.
Your epistle was to me the sweetest of the sweet.
I read and reread your letter with great pleasure.
It was not without the greatest pleasure that I received your letter.
The man who delivered your letter conveyed a wealth of joy.
Wonderful to relate how your letter entranced me.
The pages I received from you sent a new light of joy stealing over my heart.
Your letter promptly expelled all sorrow from my mind.
I sensed a wonderful happiness in my spirits when your letter was handed me.
From your letter an unaccustomed happiness swept over my spirits.
Your letter cause me to rejoice to the full.
Because of your letter my whole self exulted with joy.
It is difficult to say how much happiness was occasioned in my by your letter.
I can hardly find word to express the extent of the joy to which your letter gave rise.
It is wonderful to tell what a ray of delight beamed forth from your letter.
Good God, what a mighty joy proceeded form your epistle!
Heavens, what causes for joy did id your letter provide!
Ye gods, what a power of joy did your missive supply!
The happiness occasioned by your communication is great than I can describe.
Your messenger brought me a deal of pleasure.
You could scarce credit he load of happiness your letter conveyed to my mind.
I cannot find word to tell the joys that your letter loaded on me.
Your letter heaped joy upon me.
I rejoiced greatly at your letter.
I found singular pleasure in your letter.
Your missive showered a wealth of gladness upon me.
At the sight of your letter the frown fled from my mind’s brow.
Copia
The Copious Style
in Renaissance Literature

To be, or not to be--that is the question:
Whether 'tis nobler in the mind to suffer
The slings and arrows of outrageous fortune
Or to take arms against a sea of troubles
And by opposing end them. To die, to sleep--
No more--and by a sleep to say we end
The heartache, and the thousand natural shocks
That flesh is heir to. 'Tis a consummation
Devoutly to be wished. To die, to sleep--
To sleep--perchance to dream: ay, there's the rub,
For in that sleep of death what dreams may come
When we have shuffled off this mortal coil,
Must give us pause. There's the respect
That makes calamity of so long life.
For who would bear the whips and scorns of time,
Th' oppressor's wrong, the proud man's contumely
The pangs of despised love, the law's delay,
The insolence of office, and the spurns
That patient merit of th' unworthy takes,
When he himself might his quietus make
With a bare bodkin?
George Herbert, "Prayer"


PRAYER the Churches banquet, Angels age,
Gods breath in man returning to his birth,
The soul in paraphrase, heart in pilgrimage,
The Christian plummet sounding heav’n and earth ;

Engine against th’ Almightie, sinner's towre,
Reversed thunder, Christ-side-piercing spear,
The six daies world-transposing in an houre,
A kinde of tune, which all things heare and fear ;

Softnesse, and peace, and joy, and love, and blisse,
Exalted Manna, gladnesse of the best,
Heaven in ordinarie, man well drest,
The milkie way, the bird of Paradise,

Church-bels beyond the stars heard, the souls bloud,
The land of spices, something understood.

from Hamlet,
by William Shakespeare

Renaissance Humanist Publishing
Aldus Manutius
1449-1515
Sophocles'
Plays
Cicero's
Letters, etc.
Aesop's Fables
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