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Journey to the Differentiated Classroom

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by

Robbie Harvey

on 21 August 2013

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Transcript of Journey to the Differentiated Classroom

Journey to The Differentiated Classroom
Students come to our classrooms with a variety of:
learning styles
Effective Instructional Strategies?
How do we meet the needs of all diverse students?
Differentiated Instruction!
We are for difference,
For respecting difference,
For Valuing difference,
Until difference no longer
makes a difference!

Personal
Experiences
interests
Motivators
Readiness
Levels
If we all had exactly the same kind of mind and there was only one kind of intelligence, then we could teach everybody the same thing in the same way and assess them in the same way and that would be fair. But once we realize that people have very different kinds of minds, different kinds of strengths -- then education, which treats everybody the same way, is actually the most unfair education.

-Howard Gardner
What Type of Intelligence Are You?

Discussion
Demonstration
Audio/Visual
Teach another
Lecture
Practice by doing
Reading






Rank the instruction from least to most effective:
How did you do?
Lecture 5%
Reading 10%
Audio/Visuals 20%
Demonstrations 30%
Practice by doing 75%
Teaching others 95%
Percentage of info a typical student may retain for each.
Product/ Assesment
(How Learning is assessed)
Content
Process
What should be differentiated?
Teaching Multiple Intelligence Theory
http://mslanger5ela.wikispaces.com/file/view/teachingmitheory.pdf
Visual Strategies

flashcards
pictures
cartoons
graphs
charts
maps
written directions
graphic organizers
anchor charts
Comiclife.com
Anchor Charts
An anchor chart outlines or describes procedures, processes, and strategies on a particular theme or topic and is posted in the classroom for reference by students.
Kinesthetic Strategies

manipulatives
doodle book while listening
games/puzzles
models
group work
skits
charades
rhythmic clap n tap
puppet shows
lap books
posters
Lap Books!
http://www.homeschoolshare.com/lapbooks_at_hss.php
Multiple Intelligences
Auditory Strategies

books on tape
choral reading
integrate music
clap n tap spelling
timely discussions
interviewing
group activities
raps
interactive computer programs
(What is being taught)
(How it is taught)
Anchor Activities
Ongoing assignments that students can work on independently

Provide meaningful work for students when they finish an assignment or when they first enter the class
Ties to the content and instruction.
Differentiating Content
By Interest
Reading Materials at varied levels
Using spelling or vocabulary lists at varied levels
Depth and Complexity
abstract/ concrete ideas
Learning Centers with varied levels
Differentiating by content involves addressing the same concepts but adjusting the degree of complexity based on the student's interest, readiness, or learning style.
Vary student activities using Bloom's Taxonomy
Develop activities that target auditory, visual, and kinesthetic learners.
establish learning centers
Think tac Toe
Use flexible grouping
Interest Surveys
Interest Center
Use mini-lessons with small groups to connect key content with students’ areas of interest.
Offer books on a variety of topics and in a variety of genres that relate to essential content.
Use contemporary media as resources for teaching.
Provide free reading material on a wide range of topics.
Ensure that topical resources reflect a variety of cultures and backgrounds.
Develop (and invite students to develop) anchor activities that reflect a wide range of student interests related to key content.

Differentiating
Content by Readiness
Both formal and non-formal assessments
Offer students a choice of projects that reflect a variety of learning styles and interests
Balance teacher-assigned and student-selected projects.
Choice boards
Response cards
Exit cards
Multiple levels of questioning
rubrics- www.rubistar.4teachers.org

Flexible grouping is an opportunity for students to work with a variety of students, through whole group or in many different forms of small groups. The key to flexible grouping is in the name...FLEXIBLE. Students have an opportunity to be in different groups depending on the activity.

• Initially use whole group for instruction
• Divide group for practice or enrichment
• Not used as a permanent arrangement
• Use groups for one activity, a day, a week, etc
Flexible Grouping!
Choice Boards
Response Cards
provides immediate feedback
increases participation level
increases n task behavior
highly motivating and fun
can be pre-printed or student made
Let's Try It Out!
Exit Cards
Exit Cards (AKA “Tickets Out The Door”) are used to gather information on student readiness levels, interests, and/or learning profiles.
Can be used as quick assessments to see if the students are “getting it.”
teacher hands out index cards to students at the end of an instructional sequence or class period.
The teacher asks the students to respond to a pre- determined prompt on their index cards and then turn them in as they leave the classroom or transition to another subject.
teacher reviews the student responses and separates the cards into instructional groups based on preset criteria
research projects
journaling
brain quests
mini-labs
brain teasers
create tests
Traditional Classroom

VS
.
Differentiated Classroom
Differences are acted upon when problematic
Assessment is used at the end of lesson
Narrow sense of intelligence
Coverage of curriculum guides instruction
whole class instruction dominates
Differences are used as a basis for instruction
Assessments are on-going and drive instruction
Focus on multiple intelligences
Student readiness, interest and learning style guide instruction
Many instructional arrangements are used
Types of cards:
- True/ False cards
- Multiple Choice Cards (A,B,C,D)
- Yes/ No Cards
- Punctuation Cards (? ! , .)
Cool Teacher Websites
comiclife.com- create your own comic strip
fodey.com- create your own newspaper article
storybird.com- create, read and share visual stories
blabberize.com- create a talking picture
surveys link- http://www.duvalschools.org/newteachers/DI%20Strategies/DI%202012/Interest%20Inventory.pdf
wordle.com- create word clouds
Multiple intelligences resource book- http://mslanger5ela.wikispaces.com/file/view/teachingmitheory.pdf
rubrics- www.rubistar.4teachers.org

Differentiated Instruction:
Even Hollywood Teachers are doing it!
Classroom Environment
- Get to know your students!!
(interest survey, memory box activity)
- Let your students know all about you
- Collaborate w/ students creating class rules
- Develop a sense of a classroom family
- be flexible, but orderly
- post all students work
- "If you have a child's heart, you have his head"
Teachers who commit to differentiating instruction in their classrooms believe that all students can learn, understand well that one size does not fit all, and embark on a quest to reach each student.




What do you know about Differentiated
Instruction??
What do you want to know
about Differentiated
Instruction?
Full transcript