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Elements of Art

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Tess Hager

on 5 October 2018

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Transcript of Elements of Art

The foundation of your artwork
The Elements of Art
Seven Elements of Art
Line is the most familiar element.
Line is important to the artist because it can describe shape and by shape we recognize objects.
Line direction is important to remember.
There are many different types of lines. For example...
Zig Zag
Wavy Dotted
Zig Zag Dashed
Shape is a defined area created by either an outline, color, or value change.
Your artwork is basically the arrangement of shapes.
Shapes can be categorized into 2 groups. Geometric and Organic.
Shape is usually considered two dimensional.
Shapes have height and width.
Just remember drawings and paintings are made up of shapes and sculptures are forms.
Value is the artistic term for dark and light.
The use of light and dark creates the illusion of form in your artwork.
Artists constantly use value to suggest three dimensional forms on a flat surface.
The use of value in a work of art is what we would commonly call shading.
Value is relative.
Texture refers to the surface quality of objects.
Texture appeals to our sense of touch.
3D work depends on texture because we can actually feel the surface of the artwork.
2D work has an illusion of texture which means you can only see the texture. You cannot actually feel the texture.
We often refer to texture as detail.
In 2D art (drawings, paintings) the artist often wants to convey a feeling of space or depth.
Space is an illusion in 2D artwork. Canvas, paper, or board are essentially flat.
There are different ways to create space in your art work such as...
is the easiest way to create an illusion of space or distance. Objects that are farther away appear to be smaller. Objects that are close to us appear to be larger.
is when some objects are in front or behind other objects in the picture.
Vertical location
refers to the elevation on the paper. The higher up on the paper the farther away the object appears.
Linear perspective
is a complex system. As parallel lines recede, they appear to converge and meet on an imaginary line called the horizon line. This point is called the
vanishing point
horizon line
is where the ground and the sky meet, and corresponds to the eye level of the viewer.
A vanishing point is on the horizon line and this point represents where the converging parallel lines meet.
There can be many or only one vanishing point. This depends on the angle.
Drawings done in this technique are called
one point, two point, three point, or multipoint perspective.
Form is the element of art that deals with 3 dimensional work.
3 dimensions-Height, Width, Depth
Form includes sculptures,architecture, statues.
Basically any work of art that has the 3 dimensions.
It should be interesting from all sides.
Color Theory
The use of color combinations also know as
color schemes
color harmonies.
Color can be your most powerful design element if you learn to use it effectively.
Colors affect us in numerous ways, both mentally and physically.
The artist can use color to set a mood, attract attention, or make a statement.
The color wheel is one way of organizing color.
The color wheel consists of Primary, Secondary, and Tertiary colors.
Primary Colors
Red, Yellow, and Blue
Orange, Green, and Violet
Red Orange, Yellow Orange
Yellow Green, Blue Green
Red Violet, Blue Violet
Every individual color on the basic color wheel can be altered in three ways by tinting, shading, or toning.
Tint-any color that has white added. White lightens the color. Tints are sometimes called pastel. You can add a lot of white or just a little bit.
Shade-any color with black added. Black darkens a color. You can add a lot of black or just a little bit. Use black sparingly!
Tone-any color with both black and white added. This is the same as adding grey. This tones down the intensity of the original color.
Color Schemes
mono (meaning ‘one’)
chromatic (meaning color.)

Put the terms together and you get ‘one color.’

A monochromatic color scheme is a limited palette using a "one color" mixed with black or white.

-creating value using small dots.
- creating value using lines that go in one direction.
Cross Hatching
-creating value using lines that cross each other.

The more dots or lines the darker the value.
The less dots or lines the lighter the value.

Also can be used with a pen.

Alternate Shading Techniques
Warm and Cool Colors

The color wheel can be divided into warm and cool colors.

Warm colors are vivid and energetic, and tend to advance in space.

Cool colors give an impression of calm, and create a soothing impression.

1. Line
2. Shape
3. Value
4. Texture
5. Space
6. Form
7. Color
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