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URBAN STUDY - ST. GEORGE'S SQUARE

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Vanessa Teng

on 11 February 2016

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Transcript of URBAN STUDY - ST. GEORGE'S SQUARE

HISTORY

1. George Hotel

2. Lion Building

3. Britannia Building

4. St George’s House

5. Ramsden Estate Building

6. Tite Building

7. The Head Of Steam

8. Train Station

9. The King’s Head


B U I L D I N G S

Railway St.

John William St.

St. George Square

S T R E E T S
The
darker shades of grey
highlighted on the road are the one-way roads, while
the
lighter shade of grey
highlighted are the two-ways traffic.




The
blue arrows
indicates the direction of the traffic is facing.

T R A F F I C S Y S T E M

The
faint red lines
are designated footpaths and
the
solid red lines
are desired paths.

H U M A N C I R C U L A T I O N
V I E W S A N D V I S T A


The buildings with the same color shows similarity in
form
and
rhythm
of positioning of the buildings.


R H Y T H M
S K Y L I N E
S T R E E T 'F U R N I T U R E' A N D N O D E S
George Hotel
Britannia Building
and
St. George's Houses
Ramsden Estate Building
Railway Station
Tite Building

 

Train Station

St. George's Square
"Huddersfield is the handsomest by far of all the factory towns of Yorkshire and Lancashire, by reason of its charming situation and modern architecture." - Friedriech Engels
The style and design of the square was influenced by
the Palazzo
’s in Italy, mainly from Genoa and Venice.

All the buildings in St George's Square are made of fine
Ashlar stone.

A common feature of the stone work in the square is
rustication
.

CONSTRUCTION
1932
St. George's Square
was constructed once the railway station was built (1846 - 1850).

Landmarks
:
The Railway Station
The George Hotel
The Lion Building
The Britannia Building

These buildings are now regarded as worthy of protection from redevelopment or alteration, and the area is designated as a conservation area.

A water fountain with vegetation surrounding it was created by the Kirkless Council at the early 20s to increase tourism and investment.

The layout of the square has changed many times over the years in order to accommodate horse drawn carriages, trolley buses and taxis.

The statue of Huddersfield's most famous son, Harold Wilson, Lord Wilson of Rievaulx (1916-1995).


2002
2010
St. George's Square
ST. GEORGE'S SQUARE
Grade 1 listed building

Originally called
the George Inn
, which was located in front of the railway station, then demolished and rebuilt on St. George's Square at 1850.

Design of
William Wallen
and
Charles Child
.

Typology:
Was used as a place of where auctions and concerts are held, but is now functioned as a hotel.




1889
2015
The George Hotel
HISTORY
The birthplace of
Rugby League
(1895)


ARCHITECTURAL DETAILS

It has a
rusticated ground floor
.

The first floor central
window
has
segmental pediments
, all the other windows have
architrave Quoin stones, ornamental eaves cornice with plain parapet above
.

It also has a
Mansard slate roof
.
The Britannia Building
Architect William Cocking
(1856-59)







Typology:
Originally built for George Crossland as
offices and warehouses
Currently occupied by
Huddersfield Building Society,
as with many banks and building society.








HISTORY
The Britannia Building
It has sculpted masks and deep eves cornices are of the highest quality.

The front uses ashlar stones with horizontal joints and has plate glass windows with bronze mullions, therefore losing their vermiculated arches.

It has
late Neo-Classical
surrounds.

Motifs used for stonework include
Egyptian, Aztec, and Tudor elements.
ARCHITECTURAL DETAILS
J.P. Pritchett
designed this building.

Built by
Samuel Oldfield
(1852-54).

Typology
:
It was originally built for a local textile manufacturer, as a warehouse.
It is now an arcade of shops and offices, which includes storage.

Construction
:
The original Lion on top of the building was made of Coade stone.
The Lion now is made of fibre glass.
The Lion is 11 foot long.
On the facade, the arched top sash windows are separated by cast iron columns.

THE LION BUILDING
THE GEORGE HOUSE
HISTORY
http://homepage.eircom.net/~lawedd/index.htm

It was designed by W.H. Crosland (1871-1872).

Gothic Revival design - Gothic enrichments and floral carvings.

It has door ways that are set in archways, with elaborate wrought iron gates.

It has many granite columns and nook shafts.

There are stone balconies which are on corbels and have pierced parapet fronts


Ramsden Estate Building
HISTORY
The Tite Building
THE HEAD OF STEAM
The Railway Station
1890’s

People queuing up at the Huddersfield train station waiting to see the ambulance train that was on display in November 1917 before it was send to France.
http://www.dailymail.co.uk/

Grade II listed building

Designed by J.P. Pritchett and built by Joseph Kaye in 1847.

Lord Lieutenant Earl Fitzwilliam, laid the foundation stone in 1846.

An act of Parliament was passed in 1845, to go ahead with building the station.

The first train arrived in 1847, and the station was completed in 1850.

The station was built at the a cost to, Huddersfield and Manchester railway company (which later became part of the London and North west railway in 1847) and the Manchester and Leeds railway company.



HISTORY
The area highlighted in
dark red
indicates the continues
traffic from taxi ranks, cars and buses.


Meanwhile, the area highlighted in
pale red
indicates
the busy pedestrian areas
.


The George Hotel
It is the largest and finest Italianate building in the square.

The only one in St. George Square that has dramatically changed since construction.

Consists of plenty granite columns and nook shafts.

There are stone
balconies
which are on
corbels and have pierced parapet fronts

The painted shield around the structure follows the marriage lines of the Ramsden family.
Ramsden Estate Building
ARCHITECTURAL DETAILS

Constructed by fine ashlar stone with
doors
set within archways and elaborate wrought iron gates.
It has fine Italianate facade windows on the ground floor.

The ground floor is all rusticated with semi circular heads to the windows.

First floor windows have pediments above and balustrades below.

It also has dental eaves and cornices.
ARCHITECTURAL DETAILS
The Tite Building
The Railway Station
It is in a
Neo-Classical revival style

The central pediment and hexastyle portizo is a giant palistrade consists of six palistrade columns.
ARCHITECTURAL DETAILS
THE KING'S HEAD


The buildings highlighted in
black are the solids,
while
white are the voids
.

S O L I D S A N D V O I D S
S O U N D C O N G E S T I O N
The George Hotel, Britannia Building
and
the Tite building
are all done in the
Italianate style
, which is also known as the
Tuscan
.
- This style was taken from renaissance villa's in Italy.

The
railway station
, is in a
Neo-classical revival style
.
-The
centre
has a
Hexa style portico
and
central pediment
.
-The
facades
of the two wings have a
Tetra style portico bays
and their pediments show the coat of arms of the founding railway companies.
A R C H I T E C T U R A L C O H E R E N C E
S U N P A T H & W I N D P A T H
T O P O G R A P H Y
L A N D M A R K S
H E I R A C H Y
BUILDING HEIGHT
BUILDING USE
Train Station


Taxi Station


Britannia Building


Lion Building


The George House


Ramsden Estate Building


Tite Building
( Least )
( Most )
Britannia Building


The George Hotel


The George House


Ramsden Estate Building


Tite Building


Lion Building


Train Station
( Tallest )
( Shortest )


St. George's Square was constructed once the railway station was built (1846 - 1850).

It was used to be a round about with a water fountain
. The vegetation around Huddersfield’s town square in 1932 was non-existent, Kirklees council wanted to rectify the fact that there was no vegetation in St George’s square so they built the round about as to create tourism and investment.

The well decorated roundabout was constructed by the Kirklees Council during the early 20s Century.

However, the water fountain with vegetation surrounding it was removed as to create a bigger space for the society.

Huddersfield’s wealth came from the town’s mills through trade, and now that we no longer need mills, the town has been left with many derelict Georgian and Victorian buildings.




St. George's Square is located at the front of the railway station.

Character
:
Spacious and exposed.

Landmarks
:
The Railway Station
The George Hotel
The Lion Building
The Britannia Building

These buildings are now regarded as worthy of protection from redevelopment or alteration, and the area is designated as a conservation area.

Features
:
A
water fountain
with vegetation surrounding it was created by the Kirkless Council at the early 20s to increase tourism and investment.

The
statue
of Huddersfield's most famous son, Harold Wilson, Lord Wilson of Rievaulx (1916-1995).

The layout of the square has changed many times over the years in order to accommodate horse drawn carriages, trolley buses and taxis.

Grade II listed building.

Designed by
Sir William Tite
(1856)

Typology
:
Originally for warehouses.



H E I R A C H Y
Questionnaire for St.George Square:
University of Huddersfield-Architecture students
Circle the question that is your opinion
1. How you feel in St.George Square?
A Scared
B Indifference
C Good
D Comfortable
 
2. Which building is most usage?
(Numbered the buildings 1-5 which the first that the most usage)
1 Britanian
2 Train Station
3 St.George’s Hotel
4 Taxis offices
5 Lion Arcade
 
3. How the St.George Square is using?
A Relaxing
B Meeting with Friends
C Events
D Other…………………………………………
 
4. According to your opinion. What could be change?
A Square
B Buildings
C Other…………………………………………..

A survey was carried out to analyze the genius loci of the Railway Street and St. George’s Square.

Ionic order
:
The Ionic order is distinguished by a column-drum(which, in its earliest version, rose directly from the stylobate).
That order is different that other as frieze, the capitals and the colonnades of ancient buildings.

Ionic History:
The Ionic first appeared in the early 6th century BC century the coast of Ionia in Asia Minor, the Aegean islands and Attica.
Its name is due to the Ionians, who, after the descent of Dorian, shifted mainly to the east, is the islands Aegean and the west coast of Asia Minor, while prevailed in Athens.

Greek Influences
GREEK INFLUENCE
Corinthian Order:
The Neo-classical revival was munificently represented by the Railway Station. The columns of the Corinthian order are characterized by capital consisting of high urchin ("basket"), which surrounded by acanthus leaves and tendrils rows at four angles. It may well be seen as a development of Ionic due these helices.

History of the Corinthian order:
Inventor of the Corinthian Order was the sculptor Callimachus(Καλλίμαχος), who was inspired by a basket was the tomb of a girl in Corinth. The basket, where were placed games, was covered by a square plate. Around the basket had sprouted spines following the shape of the grave. The first known Corinthian columns was in the Temple of Apollo (about 420 BC) built by Iktinos, Parthenon architect.

St George’s Square is Node, as you can access Huddersfield and other towns and cities through the train station.

The
street lights
light the square at night and show of the surrounding buildings.

The
benches
are for passers-by to rest and admire the 19th century Architecture.

There is a
statue of Harold Wilson
it was sculpted by Ian Walters.

The Ramsden Family were influential in the development of St George’s Square.





Arctic winds
(Very cold) from the North
Continental winds
(Cold in winter) from the East
Tropical winds
(Very warm) from the South
Maritime winds
(Wet) from the West

The sun rises behind the Lion Arcade and sets behind the Train Station

There is little shelter when the rain and wind whistles through the square

St George’s Square is on a
slope
, this is the natural topography of the site.

Through design and construction, the artificial topography shows hierarchy

(7)

(6)

(5)

(4)

(3)

(2)

(1)

The light and shadow cast on St George square and surrounding buildings.

(1)George Hotel
(2)Lion Building
(3)Britannia Building
(4)St George’s House
(5) Ramsden Estate building
(6)Tite Building
(7) Train Station


SHADES

(9)

(7)

(6)

(5)

(4)

(3)

(2)

(1)

(7)

(6)

(5)

(4)

(3)

(2)

(1)

9am
SHADES

The light and shadow cast on St George square and surrounding buildings.

(1)George Hotel
(2)Lion Building
(3)Britannia Building
(4)St George’s House
(5) Ramsden Estate building
(6)Tite Building
(7) Train Station


12pm
SHADES

4pm
The light and shadow cast on St George square and surrounding buildings.

(1)George Hotel
(2)Lion Building
(3)Britannia Building
(4)St George’s House
(5) Ramsden Estate building
(6)Tite Building
(7) Train Station


The George Hotel (1851 - 1853)
The Lion Chambers (1852 - 1854)
The Britannia Building (1851 - 1852)
The Tites Building (1856)
The Railway Station (1846 - 1853)
Full transcript