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Week 11 8th Grade DI Infintives

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DelRae Holt

on 23 October 2017

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Transcript of Week 11 8th Grade DI Infintives

Infinitive Phrases
8th Grade D.I. Week 11
What do these sentences have in common?
To race rabbits was the turtle's burning wish.

The troll hates to eat tofu.

Orpheus struck upon an idea to solve a problem.
What is an Infinitive Phrase?
Typically acts like a noun (person, place, thing, or idea)
What do infinitive phrases do again?
Infinitive as Adjective (modifies/describes the noun "question"): Dorothy had an important question
to ask the Wizard of Oz
A Subject
Infinitive as A Subject:
To leave this town
can be difficult.
They all use Infinitive Phrases!
See the infinitive?
The Adventures of Tom Sawyer

Chapters 21 through 22

Text comparison to
Mark Twain and Science
- 300-word writing prompt response w/two peer reviews

Blast! Opposite Day

The Adventures of Tom Sawyer
- Skill Lesson on Point of View
- Skill Lesson on Media
- Close Read with Skill Focus annotations & Reading Comprehension Questions
- Vocabulary handout

Extended Writing Project (EWP)
- Skill Lesson on Thesis Statement
- Skill Lesson on Organizing Argumentative Writing
- Skill Lesson on Supporting Details
- Plan w/two peer reviews
This week in ELA
Extended Writing Project
Write a literary analysis that shows how personal experience can change people for better or sometimes for worse.

Minimum of Five Paragraphs

Your literary analysis should include:
• an introduction that states a claim, or an opinion, about the theme or other aspects of one or more literary works.
• body paragraphs with relevant evidence from a literary text or texts that support the claim or opinion.
• a conclusion paragraph that follows from the body of the essay and effectively wraps up your analysis.

Milestones and Important Dates
Week 11 - Create a Plan
Weeks 12 - Draft your story
Draft Due Thursday, November 2nd
Week 13 - Revisions
Week 14/15 - Edit, Proofread, and Publish
Final Due Tuesday, November 21st
The Plan AKA Literary Analysis Road Map
Body Paragraph 1 Topic:
Supporting Detail #1:
Supporting Detail #2:
Body Paragraph 2 Topic:
Supporting Detail #1:
Supporting Detail #2:
Body Paragraph 3 Topic:
Supporting Detail #1:
Supporting Detail #2:
Introductory Paragraph
Interesting beginning or hook: (question, a quote, statistics)
Introduction of sources:
Thesis Statement or Claim:
Closing Paragraph:
Powerful closing argument:
*Introductory paragraph:
Hook: Everyone is shaped by life experiences, some good and
some bad.
Introduction of sources: The two characters, Meg from
Little Women
by Louisa
May Alcott and Huckleberry Finn from
The Adventures of Tom Sawyer
by Mark
Twain are examples of this.

*Body Paragraph 1 Topic: Meg from
Little Women
is a good person.
Supporting Detail #1: She wants to help people wanted to give gifts to Marmee.
Supporting Detail #2: She is kind and selfless- gave their Christmas breakfast to the family

*Body Paragraph 2 Topic: Huck is Bad
Supporting Detail #1: now doesn’t trust people because his dad left him
Supporting Detail #2: doesn’t have confidence in himself because he doesn’t think he’s worth it

*Body Paragraph 3 Topic: Need a Marmee (mother)
Supporting Detail #1:Meg has marmee and she showed her to be kind
Supporting Detail #2: Huck didn't have Marmee to love him and show him he is worth it

*Closing Paragraph: In these two stories, it shows that having a parent or other authority
figure to show love and affection can shape a person to become kind and selfless.
Powerful closing argument: Everyone is shaped by life experiences, sadly not all life experiences are happy. Having these experiences changes who each person is and
who he or she becomes. People can choose to have a positive impact or
negative impact one other people and shape these experiences.
Literary Analysis Road Map EXAMPLE:
Infinitive Phrases
An Infinitive Phrase...
Can act like adjectives (describe nouns) or adverbs (words that show how the actions of verbs are performed)
Can be the subject of a sentence or a direct object (target of a sentence's action)
Is a group of words (not a complete sentence)
Begins with the word to, followed by a verb. (to grow. to win, to earn, to make, to ask)
Infinitive as Adverb (modifies/describes the verb "
"): Dorothy patienty
to the Munchkins


Infinitive as A Subject: "
To go home again
was what Dorothy
Infinitive as Direct Object: "Dorothy

to see the flatlands of Kansas again
The subject of a sentence comes at the beginning of the sentence.

The subject is always performing an action, doing something, being something, or feeling something.

In the case of infinitives, it is almost always "being".
A Direct Object
Infinitive as A Direct Object: Derek volunteered
to come.
See the infinitive?
While a subject performs an action, an object is a noun that has action performed on it. The object usually comes after the verb.

You can usually find the object by asking what? For instance: What did Derek volunteer?
A Modifier
(Adjective or Adverb)
Infinitive as A Modifier: Your ability
to knit
is a real asset to the class.
See the infinitive?
Another very common sentence element is modifiers. Modifiers use adjectives or adverbs to describe, define, limit, or modify nouns or verbs. A modifier can be a single word or a phrase.

Modifiers describe. Here, the modifier is describing what ability. A sentence is complete without a modifier, but it
may not be fully explained.
That contestant tends to cry when she is confused.
Exit Ticket:
Identify the infinitive in the following sentence, then determine if it is a subject, object, or modifier.
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