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Stress, Anxiety and Arousal 3.

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Lynette Pearcey

on 1 May 2017

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Transcript of Stress, Anxiety and Arousal 3.

With your partner discuss and define the term arousal within sport.

You have 60 seconds.
Theories of Arousal
With your partner list the 4 theories of arousal.

You have 30 seconds.

(Hint - use the text books!!)
Drive theory
The view of arousal and performance is linear.
This means that as arousal increases so does performance.
The more learned a skill is the more likely it is that a high level of arousal will results in better performance.
Inverted U Hypothesis
States that at optimal arousal level performance levels will be at there highest.
Therefore when performance levels are too low or too high performance levels will be significantly lower.
The argument for this is that the athlete is not physiologically or psychologically ready to perform.
As arousal levels increase so does performance but only until they reach the optimal level.
Catastrophe Theory
The catastrophe theory is similar to the inverted U theory.
HOWEVER, it suggests that there is no steady decline after optimal arousal (maximum performance).
If the athlete is experiencing high levels of cognitive anxiety and arousal levels increase up to the athletes threshold, the player experiences a dramatic (catastrophic) drop in performance.
Stress, Anxiety and Arousal 3.
Learning Objective:
Learning Outcomes:
To know what arousal in sports is and how if affects performance.
Developing: I am able to define the term arousal (P)
Mastering: I know what the theories of arousal are and can explain them. (M)
Excelling: I can explain the effects of arousal on sports performance providing clear sports examples. (D)
Theories of Arousal
With your partner give a brief explanation of each theory.

You have 4 minutes
Arousal is referred to as a physiological state of alertness and anticipation that prepares the body for action.

Unlike stress or anxiety arousal is neither positive or negative.
IZOF Theory
Maximum Performance
Athletes maximum threshold.
This theory states that different people have different optimal levels of arousal and can remain in their zone of arousal for a period of time.
IZOF Theory sees optimal performance as a bandwidth zone unlike the inverted U or catastrophe theory.
Individual Zones of Optimal Functioning
Effects of Arousal on Sports Performance.
Improvements and decrements in performance level.

Changes in attentional focus.

Increase in anxiety levels.
Define the term arousal and state how it affects sports performance. (P)
On your post-it-note.
State and explain the 4 theories of arousal. (M)
Explain the effects of arousal on sports performance. (M)
Improvements and Decrements in performance level
Arousal does not necessarily have a negative effect on sports performance - it can be positive depending on the perception of the athlete.
If viewed as positive the performance will be positive.
If viewed as negative the performance will be negative.
Changes in attentional focus
During heightened states of arousal, the attentional field, which focuses attention and concentration, becomes narrowed. This means the more aroused you become the the lower the number of cues you can focus on.

Example - Netball (C)
Increase in anxiety levels.
Increase in arousal levels can lead to an increased awareness of symptoms of state anxiety, which leads to increases in both somatic and cognitive state anxiety.
Whether the results is positive or negative it depends on the athlete.
Example - Choking under high pressure.
Securing: I can describe how arousal effects sports performance (M)
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