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Appositives & Adjective Clauses

A review lesson on the basics of appositives, adjectives and adjective clauses, designed for eighth graders.

Annelise Truitt

on 4 December 2010

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Transcript of Appositives & Adjective Clauses

A Bit o' Grammar Appositives & A. Truitt (c) 2010 APPOSITIVES
ADJECTIVE CLAUSES What is an Appositive? What is an Appositive? An appositve is:
a WORD or PHRASE that IDENTIFIES or RENAMES a noun or pronoun that comes right before it. Example:
Our principal, Ms. Bloodsaw, gave a great speech today. The subject is PRINCIPAL.
The appositive, MS. BLOODSAW, tells more about who the subject is. Punctuation Rule! :)
, , , , , , , , , , Commas , , , , , , , , , ,
Used to set off appositives from the rest of the sentence Example:
Thomas Edison, an American inventor, is
responsible for many patents. The phrase AN AMERICAN INVENTOR adds extra information. Exception:
DO NOT use commas if...
Appositive is necessary to the basic meaning
and understanding of the sentence Example:
The American inventor Thomas Edison had patents for 1,093 inventions. The phrase THOMAS EDISION tells which inventor and
makes the sentence clear and complete. First... What is an adjective? An adjective is...
A word that describes or modifies a noun or pronoun For example... red ball fuzzy scarf this book several jokes Remember... Adjectives answer the following questions... What kind? (expresses quality)
Like, red ball, fuzzy scarf, nasty soup, smelly socks, loud music How much? How many? (denotes number)
Like, several jokes, two presents, no grades Which one? (points "it" (the noun) out)
Like, this book, her puppy, those students Remember!
Any word can be an adjective, if it is doing an adjective's job! So... What is a clause? A clause is...
A group of words that has both a subject and a verb. SUBJECT + VERB = COMPLETE THOUGHT Lazy students whine. My dog loves pizza crusts. Cola spilled over the glass and splashed onto the counter. Therefore... An ADJECTIVE CLAUSE is
a CLAUSE that acts or functions
as an ADJECTIVE in the sentence Which means... Adjective clauses answer the same questions that adjectives do... Clue:
Adjective clauses are usually introduced
by these relative pronouns who, whom, whose, which, that Example Devon Kim is a climber WHO LIKES CHALLENGES. His hardest climb, WHICH TOOK HIM THREE DAYS, was Mount Whitney. Remember,
Only use COMMAS when the CLAUSE IS NOT NECESSARY to understand the meaning of a sentence.
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