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Transcript of Surviving a
Wash hands regularly
Get plenty of sleep
Yale Health Flu Shot Clinics
Protect Your Skin and Lips
Moisturizer (containing shea butter
Lip balm, Chapstick
Neosporin for raw noses
Avoid very hot showers
When exposed to very cold temperatures, skin and underlying tissues may freeze. The areas most likely to be affected by frostbite are your hands, feet, nose and ears.
How can I prevent it?
Protect your skin
Get out of the cold
Gradually warm the area
Get medical help if the area continues to feel numb
Function over fashion
Hat, scarf, mittens/gloves, warm socks, boots
(And lack thereof...)
Help, I have frostbite
Look for boots that are waterproof and have good treads for walking on ice and snow. Make sure you have enough room for thermal socks.
Winter Travel and Safety
Following the Weather
NOAA National Weather Service: www.noaanews.noaa.gov
School Delays and Closings
Snow days vs. delayed openings
How do I find out?
Driving and Car Care
Driving and Car Care, cont.
Drive with caution
Ice scraper and brush
Pedestrians and cyclists should also be cautious
AAA (American Automobile Association)
"Car Talk" on NPR
Divinity School Hill
Where can I rent skates?
Ralph Walker Skating Rink
Ingall's Rink (no skate rentals available)
Downhill (Alpine) Skiing
Woodbury Ski Area:
Cross-Country (Nordic) Skiing and Snowshoeing
Winding Trails Recreation Association:
Woodbury Ski Area:
Connecticut State Parks:
The White Memorial Conservation Center:
Payne Whitney Gym
Yale’s winter sports teams:
Yale Center for British Art:
Yale University Art Gallery:
Watch a Movie
New Haven Public Library (free DVD loans):
Netflix (rental DVDs delivered to your door or online streaming):
Criterion Cinemas on Temple Street:
The McDougal G&P Winter Ball @ The Omni Hotel
And don't forget... Keep your car windows closed!
WARM SOCKS (natural fibers like wool or cotton are good choices)
GLOVES/MITTENS (look for cashmere or Thinsulate lining)
WARM HAT and/or EAR MUFFS
WARM WATERPROOF JACKET/COAT (down and Thinsulate are two of the warmest linings)
WARM WATERPROOF BOOTS (look for good grip soles)
TURTLENECKS or LONG-SLEEVE SHIRTS
FLEECE LINED PLANTS
FLEECE / FLANNEL PAJAMAS
THERMAL/LONG UNDERWEAR/TIGHTS (silk thermal wear is less bulky than cotton)
NOTE: long underwear or “long johns” are unisex, but tights are for women
CHAPSTICK/LIP BALM (voted #1 essential item)
HAND/BODY LOTION (try Curel, Eucerin or Nivea brands; look for Shea Butter as an ingredient)
FLANNEL BED SHEETS
Surviving a New England Winter:
Cold and Flu Care
Haley McCarthy, Health Educator
Student Wellness First Floor, 55 Lock Street
Put these numbers in your phone & call first!
Student Health 203-432-0312
Acute Care 203-432-0123
The Common Cold
Main reservoir of viruses is young children
Crowding of children in schools and daycare a key factor in seasonal outbreaks
Seasonal pattern of viruses
Chilling of volunteers in cold studies NOT associated with illness
Two main methods are direct contact and sneeze/cough
Peak of infectivity during days 2 and 3 before symptoms
Hand-washing and minimizing direct physical contact may help
How is the Common Cold Spread?
Wash your hands!
Before touching your eyes, nose, and/or mouth.
Before eating or handling food.
When hands are contaminated after sneezing or coughing.
After using the toilet.
After touching items like doorknobs and handrails.
When your hands are visibly soiled, they should be washed with soap and warm water
In other instances, an alcohol-based handrub (like Purell) can be used
Apply to palm of one hand and rub hands together, covering all surfaces of hands and fingers until hands are dry
American adults average 2-4 colds/year
Children average 6-8 colds/year
Nearly one billion colds/year in US
Results in over 50 million inappropriate antibiotic prescriptions/year.
24 to 72 hours
Runny nose, congestion, headache, sore throat, cough, sneezing
Fevers more common in children
Rapid onset of symptoms with escalation in first 3 days
Median duration is 7 days
25% of colds last up to 14 days
Smokers may experience increased duration and severity of symptoms because the smoke irritates the mucus membranes
Seasonal outbreaks (Oct – March)
May resemble common cold, but symptoms also include fevers, aches, and lethargy
Dangerous complications in infants, elderly and people with certain chronic diseases (heart, lung, diabetes, HIV)
Similar treatments as common cold
How do you treat the flu?
Treatment of fever
Recommended Over-the-counter (OTC) Medications
What about antibiotics?
Too busy to get sick
Colds “always” progress to something bad
Previous doctors “always” prescribed antibiotics
Reasons to Avoid Use
They do NOT work for viral illnesses
Side effects/allergic reactions
Development of resistance over time
Viral infections (such as a common cold or influenza) cannot be cured with antibiotics.