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Present Simple and Present Continuous
Transcript of Present Simple and Present Continuous
The present seems like an easy idea to understand.
It means NOW, right?
Well, kind of. Yes, the present means now, but English speakers have two ways of thinking about now.
Two kinds of present
One kind of present is RIGHT NOW. This means something that is happening at this very moment.
Another kind of present is more general. It means that something is always true or it doesn't change.
There are two ways we use it.
When do we use it?
1. We use the present continuous to talk about something that is happening right now.
2. We also use the present continuous to talk about something that is temporary, or may change soon.
[am, is, are] verb+ing
What is Ronaldo doing?
What is Ashley doing?
am, is, are verb+ing
Is she paying attention to her math homework?
[am not, isn't, aren't] verb+ing
What do you want to ask these kids?
question word [am, is, are] + person + verb+ing?
Let's look at the present continuous first.
These were examples of the first way that we use present continuous. The kicking, watching, paying attention and looking are happening NOW.
at her sister's house.
We use "is staying" because it is only for a short time. It is temporary.
She's not going to stay there forever... at least her sister hopes not!
a good book.
what?? No he he isn't.
He is playing basketball!
Actually, Larry IS reading a good book. Just not RIGHT NOW.
It is at his house. The reading is TEMPORARY. He will read the
book for a short time, not forever.
English at HCT.
Yes, you can also say, "Khalid is driving," or "Khalid is talking on his mobile."
We can say "Khalid is studying English" because it is only for 2 years. He will not study it forever. He hopes!
So, Let's review.
What's the first way we use present continous?
And what's the second way?
now let's look at the present simple.
We use the present simple when we are talking about something that is always true, like facts, hobbies, routines, or permanent things.
Here are some words that you see a lot with the present simple:
All the time
not very often
How do you make it?
So when do we use "do" and when do we use "does"??
So, how do we make negative sentences?
With "don't" or "doesn't" before the verb.
And when do we use "doesn't"?
so how do you make questions with the present simple?
Put "do" or "does" before the subject, and the main verb after the subject.
And when do we use "does" instead of "do"?
Yes, you guessed it.
with "He," "she" or "it"
Where does Allison normally study?
She normally studies in the library.
We say "she studies" NOT "she is studying" because we are talking about normally, in general, NOT right now.
Does Josh like vegetables?
No, Josh doesn't like vegetables.
Do Susan and Jacob teach English?
No, they don't teach English.
They teach math.
Why do we say "don't teach" and "teach" and NOT "aren't teaching" and "are teaching"?
We use present simple because it is their job. They do it every day, not just now. It is for a long time, not a short time.
Khalid speaks Arabic.
No, that's wrong, isn't it?
Actually, it is right. Khalid speaks Arabic in general. It is true all the time, so we use present simple. If we want to talk about right now, we say "Khalid is speaking English."
Choose the right tense
Present Continuous (Present Progressive)