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Individualism and the Mental
Transcript of Individualism and the Mental
an individual's environment Depends on features of
the evironment as well as the individual Can't substitute/make inferences about beliefs EX. Water is H20
John thinks that water is not fit to drink
It does NOT follow that John thinks that H20 is not fit to drink
EVEN THOUGH H20 and Water are extensionally equivalent terms Nonoblique Occurences- You can substitute/make inferences about beliefs Ex. John though that THAT water was impure
Nothing would be lost by relacing "water" with "H2o" The term "water" provides no content to John's thought about the impurity of the substance A Thought Experiment This is Peter 1 This is Peter 2 *Both Peter 1 and Peter 2 have the same narrow content So, Their wide content is different due to social context/community practice B1, B2, B3 B1, B2, B3 P P In this case, Peter 1 has a pain in his calf which he THINKS is arthritis.
No one in his world/community has ever agreed/disagreed with this directly to him In this case, Peter 2 also attributes the pain in his calf to arthritis.
His community uses the term arthritis for general pains Burge's Main Argument If content is essentially narrow
then social factors should not play a role in determining mental content
Social factors do clearly play a role in determining content
Therefore, mental content is not determined within the individual Burge's position on:
indexicals This thought experiment illustrates that, for Burge, there is no first person privilege What does Kim say about all of this?