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Transcript of ICT Portfolio
This Portfolio will discuss the following:
Part 1: Policy Level Topic
Part 2: Specific IT Topics
Part 3: Regional Focus
Introduction - Portfolio Topics
ICT Plays a fundamental role in today's economy. According to a 2011, McKinsey and Company report the internet accounts for 21% of GDP growth.
Information and Communication Technologies:
Reduce transaction costs
Offer immediate connectivity
Replaces expensive means for communicating and transacting
Increase marketplace access
Channel knowledge and information of all kinds
As defined by the International Monetary Fund (IMF) - Globalization " is a historical process, the result of human innovation and technological progress. It refers to the increasing integration of economies around the world, particularly through the movement of goods, services, and capital across borders. The term sometimes also refers to the movement of people (labor) and knowledge (technology) across international borders. There are also broader cultural, political, and environmental dimensions of globalization."
ICT and Globalization
ICT and Government Efficiency
"Ultimately, this Strategy will ensure that agencies use emerging technologies to serve the public as effectively as possible. As a Government, and as a trusted provider of services, we must never forget who our customers are -- the American people." —President Barack Obama, May 23, 2012
In 2012 President Obama issued a directive to deliver digital services to the American People.
The Digital Government Strategy has three main objectives:
Enable the American people and an increasingly mobile workforce to access high-quality digital government information and services anywhere, anytime, on any device.
Ensure that as the government adjusts to this new digital world, we seize the opportunity to procure and manage devices, applications, and data in smart, secure and affordable ways.
Unlock the power of government data to spur innovation across our Nation and improve the quality of services for the American people.
Information and Communication Technology
PUBP 710-007 Fall 2015
October 19, 2015
Globalization and Millennium Development Goals
Government Efficiency - Cloud Computing
"A smart city is a developed urban area that creates sustainable development and high quality of life by excelling in multiple key areas: economy, mobility, environment, people, living and governance. Excelling in these key areas can be done so through strong human and social capital, and information and communication technology (ICT) infrastructure."
At the 8th Education International (EI) Africa Regional Conference, President Uhuru Kenyatta, indicated that the Kenyan government is committed increasing ICT resources, ""Our emphasis is premised on the understanding that integration and globalization are essentially technology-driven,"
Korea Government to Invest the equivalent of 35 Billion USD on ICT
Globalization in the News
eGambling in the news
eGambling and Laws
Internet/Mobile Dating Risks
Internet/Mobile Dating in the news
Africa Developed ICT Applications
Africa's Emerging ICT Framework
ICT Development Indicators
ICT in Africa
In 2013, Pew did a study on online dating based on 2005 survey data of the internet's impact on dating and relationships. Match.com was one of the first in the 1990s and since then there have been three forms that have evolved:
Personal ads - similar to Match or Plenty of Fish
Matchmaking using algorithms - similar to eHarmony
Cell Phone dating apps - similar to tender
ICT and Internet Dating
ICT and eGambling
Online gambling started in the 1990s with the passage of the 1994 Free Trade & Processing act by Antigua and Barbuda
1994 - First online gambling software developed by Microgaming Software Systems Ltd
Kahnawake Gaming Commission formed in 1996 to regulate online casinos
By the year 2000 online gambling accounted for 2.2 Billion in US revenue
By 2010 there are over 800 online casinos
According to the ITU - "At the end of 2013, there were an estimated 2.7 billion people using the Internet worldwide and approximately 6.8 billion mobile phones. Despite the apparent ubiquity of ICTs, their benefits are not uniformly experienced by the 7.1 billion people in the world."
At the 2000 UN Millennium Development Summit - 8 Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) were developed to assist underdeveloped countries and World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) in 2013 - emphasized how ICT's could improve help meet MDGs
President Obama has been very instrumental in pushing GOV 2.0, he stated “We must use all available technologies and methods to open up the federal government, creating a new level of transparency to change the way business is conducted in Washington, and giving Americans the chance to participate in government deliberations and decision-making in ways that were not possible only a few years ago.” The Open Government Directive had three principles:
Government should be transparent, with information about agency operations and decisions available to the public online.
Government should be participatory, tapping the collective expertise of the American public in government decision-making processes.
Government should be collaborative, using technology to share and cooperate with other agencies, businesses and nonprofits, and the public at large.
Key Terms related to Government Efficiency
Open Government - 2009 Directive to provide transparency to government data
Data.gov - website developed under former CIO Vivek Kundra, to house the government’s open data
Cloud computing - Cloud computing is defined by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)2 as “a model for enabling convenient, on-demand network access to a shared pool of configurable computing resources (e.g., networks, servers, storage, applications, and services) that can be rapidly provisioned and released with minimal management effort or service provider interaction
Agile Development - Agile management or agile project management is an iterative and incremental method of managing the design and build activities for engineering, information technology, and new product or service development projects in a highly flexible and interactive manner.
Government Efficiency - In the News
Recently launched Agile Development Handbook - this is what Agile should look like
Five things to prevent NASA from spying on your email
Recent study released by the nonprofit Partnership for Public Service recommends a government wide scale-up of shared services which would allow agencies to take advantage of private-sector innovation and technology.
Information Week Government - highlighted Five Federal Government early adopters in Cloud Computing
GSA- FedRamp Program
DOI - investment of as much as $10 billion to migrate its IT operations to the cloud
USDA - recently the NITC launched an IaaS offering in pursuit of "faster, better, cheaper" cloud services
NASA - established its own private cloud-computing data center in 2009, called Nebula
NOAA - signed an $11.5 million, three-year contract with systems integrator Earth Resources Technology for cloud-based unified messaging services.
This model is based on three layers of service
Presentation - how information is organized
Platform - systems and processes to manage information
Information - contains digital information
The Wire Act of 1961 - "Whoever being engaged in the business of betting or wagering knowingly uses a wire communication facility for the transmission in interstate or foreign commerce of bets or wagers or information assisting in the placing of bets or wagers on any sporting event or contest, or for the transmission of a wire communication which entitles the recipient to receive money or credit as a result of bets or wagers, or for information assisting in the placing of bets or wagers, shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than two years, or both."
The Unlawful Internet Gambling Enforcement Act of 2006 (UIGEA) - "prohibits gambling businesses from knowingly accepting payments in connection with the participation of another person in a bet or wager that involves the use of the Internet and that is unlawful under any federal or state law"
Gov. Chris Christie passed New Jersey legislation in 2013
In 2013 Delaware allowed Online gambling and poker
In 2013, Nevada legalized online poker
In 2006, Washington passed legislation to make playing online poke a Class C Felony
In 2012, Utah passed a law that opts the state out of any future online gambling legislation
In 2010 - PartyGaming says deal with Bwin will create world's biggest publicly listed internet gambling firm
In 2013 - Mobile and Social Boom accounting for 10 Billion in revenue
Currently - 85 countries have legalized online gambling with, a 35 Billion dollar industry
Verie a new firm in the field of Biometric solutions has developed an application that with facial recognition changes a smart phone into an identification tool - improving online security
Restoration of America’s Wire Act (RAWA) bill—which seeks to ban most forms of online gaming at a federal level in the US—is set to take place on March 26
Bitcoin as an excellent tool for online gambling
Key Findings from the report -
11% of American adults—and 38% of those who are currently “single and looking” for a partner—have used online dating sites or mobile dating apps
66% of online daters have gone on a date with someone they met through a dating site or app, and 23% of online daters say they have met a spouse or long term relationship through these sites
Online dating Quiz
Over the past two years there has been a significant boom in mobile dating sites - most notably the Tinder "swipe night" at the Atlanta Hawks basketball game - just in 2014 over 50 million users swiped left or right to find a match via Tinder - http://www.cnbc.com/id/102317288
According to Statista - US Market Revenue Grew from 43 million in 2009 to 108.9 Million in 2010
Projected to be 415 Million in 2017
The Guardian's 2014 Article named the following the 10 best dating apps -
Plenty of Fish
Tinder to charge more for users over the age of 30
OKCupid launches blind date app for quick matching -
Amy Webb's Ted talk on Big data and online dating
IBM recently released a study that analyzed 41 top dating sites and 60% were found highly vulnerable to attack. These vulnerabilities would allow cyber-criminals to:
Use GPS Information to Track Your Movements
Control Your Phone’s Camera or Microphone
Hijack Your Dating Profile
The study recommended strategies for mobile dating apps
Do not divulge all you personal information
Turn off GPS
Fake your info - use fake answers to backup security questions
Don't use public Wi-Fi
Despite Significant growth based on the ITU Index African still shows less progress compared to other regions
According to the 2014 ITU Measuring the Information Society Report, The African regional ICT Development Index (IDI) is the lowest of six region, with only two countries that are above the global IDI (Mauritius and Seychelles)
Africa is one of the fastest growing Regions in ICT.
650 Million Mobile Subscribers
As of 2012 Africa represented about 7% of world's internet users
However only 7% of households have internet access
If the ICT market continues its impressive double digital growth, expenditures in ICT within Africa could exceed US$150 billion by 2016
In order to solve for the cycle of ineffective service delivery of low returns, low transparency, low citizen participation there is a shift towards a ICT enabled Three-tiered public service delivery framework. In particular, Mauritius and Nambia have shown dedication to the this framework with their eGovernment policies. Other examples include
Malawi’s Integrated Financial Management Information System (IFMIS)
South African Revenue Service (SARS)
Despite Nigeria and Egypt being the top internet countries in Africa other countries have developed applications that has but Africa on the map -
M-Pesa is used in 7 countries
Tanzania - Etisalat Mobile Baby
Uganda - MafutaGo
Niger - Horticultural Remote Irrigation system