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Essay Planning

Bournemouth University Academic Skills workshop on planning and structuring essays
by

Tamsyn Smith

on 19 September 2012

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Transcript of Essay Planning

Understand the essay title Create a plan Write the essay Planning and structuring essays Some commentators have recently suggested that racism is increasing in British Society. Using examples, discuss this proposition. Who are the commentators? What do other commentators say? What definitions of racism are available? What is meant by British society? What is the evidence FOR and AGAINST the proposition? Consider something by writing about its most important aspects from different points of view. Give arguments for and against, provide supporting evidence, and consider the implications of what you say. Draw a reasoned conclusion based upon the evidence you have presented. Key procedure words Trace Summarise Describe Account for Illustrate Explain Interpret Criticise Compare Outline Key procedure words Assess/ evaluate Enumerate Argue List Identify Comment on Reconcile Review Business School a) Outline the key differences between the equal opportunities and the managing diversity approaches to managing equality and discrimination in the workplace.
b) With the leading economies in a recession, the business case for diversity is redundant. Discuss, making reference to both the arguments for and against diversity and relevant case examples. Outline: Indicate the main features, facts, or general idea of a topic and place in a clear structure or framework to show how they interrelate.
Discuss: Consider something by writing about its most important aspects from different points of view. Give arguments for and against, provide supporting evidence, and consider the implications of what you say. Draw a reasoned conclusion based upon the evidence you have presented. State what your opinion is. Key procedure words Discuss Prove Relate Analyse Show Define Contrast State Justify Business School The nature and role of the Magistrates Court, Crown Court, County Court and High Court are clearly distinguishable. Select TWO of these courts, explain their nature and role, and distinguish their key features. Explain: Give reasons for or account for something. Similar to 'Describe'. Write main body Remember to use paragraphs with topic sentences.

PEE
Point
Example
Explanation SEXburger
Statement
Evidence
EXpand ApSci Discuss the roles and responsibilities of the Scientific Support Manager, Crime Scene Coordinator, Crime Scene Manager, Crime Scene Investigators and other key personnel, that can be encountered at the scene of a serious crime. In your answer discuss the relevance of the inner and outer cordons. Discuss what the outer and inner cordons are and then explain their relevance.
Discuss: Consider something by writing about its most important aspects from different points of view. Give arguments for and against, provide supporting evidence, and consider the implications of what you say. Draw a reasoned conclusion based upon the evidence you have presented. ApSci Rapid climate change occurred towards the end of the last (Devensian) glaciation in a phase called the Allerød or Windermere interstadial. Describe these changes (climate, vegetation and fauna) and, giving examples, discuss the consequences for Late Upper Palaeolithic human activity in Britain. Describe: Give a full account or detailed representation of something. Spell out the main aspects of a topic or idea, or the sequence in which a series of events happened.
Discuss: Consider something by writing about its most important aspects from different points of view. Give arguments for and against, provide supporting evidence, and consider the implications of what you say. Draw a reasoned conclusion based upon the evidence you have presented. DEC Tennis racquets originally had wooden frames with strung sheep gut. Describe the requirements of materials for the frame and the strings for the current racquets. Suggest two alternatives for each section. Justify your choices, paying attention to cost, manufacture and the environment. Describe: Give a full account or detailed representation of something. Spell out the main aspects of a topic or idea, or the sequence in which a series of events happened.
Justify: Express valid reasons for accepting a particular interpretation, decision or conclusion, probably including the need to 'argue' a case through consideration of the objections others might make. MS Choose a source (known public figure or type of individual) and a product, issue or cause and explain analytically why your chosen source would be appropriate for promoting that product, issue or cause and persuading the target public to buy or take action. Explain: Give reasons for or account for something. Similar to 'Describe'.
Analyse: Examine a topic or issue by dividing it into component parts. For each part you should: identify important points and key features; discuss each point and show how they interrelate; form judgements about each part and the whole i.e. strengths and weaknesses, pros and cons, research for and against, causes and effects. Draw a reasoned conclusion based upon the evidence you present. ST Critically evaluate three different store layout formats detailing the advantages and disadvantages of each of the layout designs chosen. Give sector related examples of their usage highlighting their differing application and characteristics. Benefits to store, staff and shopper should be highlighted. Criticise: Give your judgements about the good and/or bad qualities of theories/opinions. Support your decisions with reasons & evidence indicating the criteria on which you base your judgement. Cite specific instances of how the criteria apply in this case.
Evaluate: Judge the significance, value or importance of something. Pay due attention to positive, negative and disputable aspects, and refer to the special knowledge and judgements of experts as well as your own. Draw a reasoned conclusion based upon the evidence you have presented. ST (a) Explain the purpose, value and disadvantages of a formal Job Description as provided to an employee.
(b) Discuss the management uses for such a document Explain: Give reasons for or account for something. Similar to 'Describe'.
Discuss: Consider something by writing about its most important aspects from different points of view. Give arguments for and against, provide supporting evidence, and consider the implications of what you say. Draw a reasoned conclusion based upon the evidence you have presented. Break down the essay title Learn definitions of
key procedure words How would you plan an answer to one of the following questions? Applied Sciences (ApSci)
Discuss the roles and responsibilities of the Scientific Support Manager, Crime Scene Coordinator, Crime Scene Manager, Crime Scene Investigators and other key personnel, that can be encountered at the scene of a serious crime. In your answer discuss the relevance of the inner and outer cordons.
Rapid climate change occurred towards the end of the last (Devensian) glaciation in a phase called the Allerød or Windermere interstadial. Describe these changes (climate, vegetation and fauna) and, giving examples, discuss the consequences for Late Upper Palaeolithic human activity in Britain.
Business School
a Outline the key differences between the equal opportunities and the managing diversity approaches to managing equality and discrimination in the workplace..
b With the leading economies in a recession, the business case for diversity is redundant. Discuss, making reference to both the arguments for and against diversity and relevant case examples.
The nature and role of the Magistrates Court, Crown Court, County Court and High Court are clearly distinguishable. Select TWO of these courts, explain their nature and role, and distinguish their key features.
Design, Engineering & Computing (DEC)
Outline three research methods used by Biological Psychologists. Discuss the strengths and limitations of each of these methods.
Tennis racquets originally had wooden frames with strung sheep gut. Describe the requirements of materials for the frame and the strings for the current racquets. Suggest two alternatives for each section. Justify your choices, paying attention to cost, manufacture and the environment.
Media School
Consider the strengths and weaknesses for the organisers of a charity appeal of using emotional persuasive arguments to solicit donations.
Choose a source (known public figure or type of individual) and a product, issue or cause and explain analytically why your chosen source would be appropriate for promoting that product, issue or cause and persuading the target public to buy or take action.
School of health & Social Care (HSC)
Write an essay on body weight and body composition. Explain the health impacts of changes in body weight and composition; Body Mass Index (BMI) and categories of BMI; why it is important to measure body weight and composition; different ways in which the body can be conceptualised in term of body composition and different methods by which body composition can be measured.
Compare and contrast the mechanisms of stability in two joints (either the elbow and knee, or hip and shoulder), describing the functional anatomy as fully as possible.
School of Tourism (ST)
Critically evaluate three different store layout formats detailing the advantages and disadvantages of each of the layout designs chosen. Give sector related examples of their usage highlighting their differing application and characteristics. Benefits to store, staff and shopper should be highlighted.
(a) Explain the purpose, value and disadvantages of a formal Job Description as provided to an employee.
(b) Discuss the management uses for such a document. DEC
Outline three research methods used by Biological Psychologists. Discuss the strengths and limitations of each of these methods. Outline: Indicate the main features, facts, or general idea of a topic and place in a clear structure or framework to show how they interrelate.
Discuss: Consider something by writing about its most important aspects from different points of view. Give arguments for and against, provide supporting evidence, and consider the implications of what you say. Draw a reasoned conclusion based upon the evidence you have presented. MS Consider the strengths and weaknesses for the organisers of a charity appeal of using emotional persuasive arguments to solicit donations. Could possibly consider what alternatives could be proposed.
Conclusion – your opinion based on the evidence. HSC Write an essay on body weight and body composition. Explain the health impacts of changes in body weight and composition; Body Mass Index (BMI) and categories of BMI; why it is important to measure body weight and composition; different ways in which the body can be conceptualised in term of body composition and different methods by which body composition can be measured. Explain: Give reasons for or account for something. Similar to 'Describe'. Input information into grid Using your own knowledge, input information into grid.
This will show you where you need to do further research.
When your grid is complete you can start writing your essay. Write conclusion What is the purpose of a conclusion?
Do not include new ideas in the conclusion. Further help Use the resources in the Academic Skills Community
Check the library catalogue – there are both print and ebooks on essay writing available
Contact academicskills@bournemouth.ac.uk for further help Create grid Identify what information is required
Title
Mark scheme
Lay out the grid before placing any information into it.
Add information.
Do additional research to fill in the gaps. HSC Compare and contrast the mechanisms of stability in two joints (either the elbow and knee, or hip and shoulder), describing the functional anatomy as fully as possible. State which pair you have chosen.
Describe how one of then works.
Describe how the other one works.
Discuss in detail the similarities between the two
Discuss the differences
Compare: Identify the characteristics or qualities two or more things have in common. You should probably emphasise points of difference as well.
Contrast: Explore the differences between two things. You should probably emphasise points of similarity as well.
Describe: Give a full account or detailed representation of something. Spell out the main aspects of a topic or idea, or the sequence in which a series of events happened. Introduction What is the purpose of an introductory paragraph?
What should it contain?

Work out how long each section of your essay should be e.g. 3000 words –
Introduction = 10-15% (300 - 450 words);
Main body = 70-80% (2100 - 2400 words);
Conclusion = 10-15% (300 - 450 words) Proof read Set aside for a couple of days if possible
Check for SPAG errors:
Spelling (don’t rely on your spell-checker!)
Punctuation and
Grammar
Check that your referencing is correct The Sheridan Baker Thesis Machine This is a popular American technique that was devised by Sheridan Baker.
It is not suitable for all essay types, but for anything where you have to debate an idea, it is useful.
There are lots of resources relating to it online. Account for Analyse Argue Assess Comment on Compare Contrast Criticise Define Define Describe Discuss Enumerate Evaluate Explain Identify Illustrate Interpret Justify List Outline Prove Reconcile Relate Review Show State Summarise Trace Unpick the following essay title:

Some commentators have recently suggested that racism is increasing in British Society. Using examples, discuss this proposition. How could 'recently' be defined? How do you plan? MS - Academic Language and Study Skills Development Office (see Media School tab in myBU)

HSC - Mike Knight Mind mapping Mindmapping resources The Buzan Study Skills Handbook How to Mindmap Youtube videos Academic Skills Community Colourful Visually stimulating Essay planning
Revision (cc) photo by theaucitron on Flickr (cc) photo by theaucitron on Flickr What is mind mapping? Books Online Tony Buzan What could you use it for?
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