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Copy of Instrument Families in the Orchestra
Transcript of Copy of Instrument Families in the Orchestra
Orchestra It's a family affair! Strings Brass Woodwinds Percussion There are four families of instruments
in the modern orchestra Each family is made up of instruments
which are related in some way String instruments are made of wood with metal strings. Except for the harp, they are played by dragging a bow across the strings, causing them to vibrate. The strings can also be plucked. These are the string instruments
commonly found in the orchestra: Violin Viola Violas are larger than violins, and
produce a deeper, more mellow sound. 'Cello 'Cello is short for Violincello. String Bass Harp Trumpet French Horn Trombone Tuba Brass instruments are sounded by a player creating the vibration with their lips (buzzing their lips) into a mouthpiece. The sound travels through the brass tube and is amplified by the bell at the end. These are the four brass instruments
most commonly used in the orchestra: Woodwind instruments are played by blowing air over a hole or using a reeds to create a vibration. Despite what the name implies, not all woodwinds are made of wood... Woodwinds can be classified into groups: no reed, single reed, and double reed. No reed: instruments such as the flute are played by blowing a column of air over a hole. The air vibrates as it goes across the hole and different pitches are sounded by closing holes in the flute with your fingers. Single reed instruments, such as the clarinet and saxophone, are played by causing one reed to vibrate within a mouthpiece. Double reed instruments are played by causing two reeds to vibrate against each other. There are five woodwinds most
commonly found in the orchestra: Flute Clarinet Saxophone Oboe Bassoon Percussion instruments are played by being struck. You can divide percussion instruments into two main categories: rhythmic and melodic Pitched percussion can perform melodies; Includes instruments such as piano, xylophone, marimba, bells, glockenspiel, etc. Rhythmic percussion has no melody and provides rhythmic support to the orchestra. Examples include snare drum, gong, bass drum, wood block, etc Piano Xylophone Tympani Snare drum There is a large variety of percussion instruments, depicted here are some of the most common. Thank you!