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Brittany Green

on 20 July 2016

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Transcript of Autism




Impaired receptive skills
Atypical play skills
Limited joint attention
Meaningless repetition of another person’s spoken words
Repetitive mannerisms
Hyper or Hypo sensitivity to sensory input

What else
Signs of Asd
What Causes Asd?
Cause of ASD remains unknown
However, evidence suggests that ASD results from the following interactions that occur early in development:
Genetic factors
Environmental factors
It has been scientifically proven that ASD is NOT a result of vaccinations

All races, nationalities, ethnicities, and socioeconomic classes.
Who Does It Affect?
1 out of every 68 children in the U.S.

Is this too busy for you
Click here
Autism Specturm Disorder
Is out there
There are several apps that can be found in the App Store and/or Google PlayStore.

What Can We Do?
No cure, but many treatments and strategies that can help.
Treatments may include PT, OT, speech, and behavioral therapy
Implementing supportive teaching techniques such as avoiding abstract ideas
Use specific and directed statements or questions, rather than broad general statements or questions.

Visual Organizers
Remind a child of his or her routine and reinforce expectations as well as appropriate behavior
It is important to develop a structured routine to prevent overstimulation and frustration
Social Stories
Provide a child with the perception of outcomes that certain expectations and behaviors will permit
Breaking Down Tasks
Breaking a difficult task into smaller steps can help to master a skill

Provide multi-sensory learning opportunities
Provide structured learning opportunities with choice
Avoid open ended questions
Provide a limited number of options
Thank You!
What is
What is ASD?
Autism spectrum disorder is a neurodevelopmental disorder that impairs a child's ability to communicate and interact with others.
Generalized term for neurodevelopmental disorders:
Autism disorder
Asperger’s disorder
Pervasive Developmental Disorder-Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS)
Rett Syndrome
Childhood Disintegrative Disorder
Characterized by Difficulties In:
Social Interaction
Verbal and Nonverbal Communication
Stereotypical and Repetitive Behaviors
Behavioral symptoms typically manifest within the first year of life

Boys more than girls.

Theories for ASD
Theory of Mind
Weak Central Coherence
Executive Dysfunction

Theory of Mind
Fundamental deficit in understanding the mental states of others
Theory of mind deficit makes it difficult for children with ASD to take the perspectives of others and, consequently, predict the behavior of others
Often seen with the Sally Anne test
Inability to separate one’s own mental world from the real world
Hinders the child to take part in imagination and role playing

Weak Central Coherence
A perceptual-cognitive-processing style makes mastery of gestalt thinking patterns difficult
Gestalt is a generalized way of thinking; whole picture is more than the sum of its parts
Focuses on isolated information in the environment rather than global information (e.g., focuses on the parts of a dandelion versus the whole flower at times)
Fails to account for the regional processing strengths that children with ASD often exhibit

Executive Dysfunction
Children with ASD have a fundamental deficit in cognition
Leads to problems with social construction
General learning problems characterized by preservation and poor self-regulation
Difficulty with planning, organizing, flexibility, inhibition, and working memory
Fails to delineate aspects that are specific to the ASD population

Using Tangibles
A square piece of carpet to define place to sit
When transitioning to a new task, it is important to give the child ample warning
Language choice matters
Avoid idioms
Avoid sarcasm
Avoid nicknames

Many children with ASD can become fixated on one subject
Utilize the fixation to motivate the child to positive behaviors and gradually expand repertoire

for a traditional PowerPoint!

For more information on how you can help a child with ASD at home, school, and within the community check out the links below!
Starfall ABC/Learn to Read
Super Why!
The Monster at the End of This Book
Emotions and Feelings -- Autism
Pop Math
Toca Boca
Agnitus -- Games for Learning
Doodle Buddy
Cristy Phillip's Research Group
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