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Transcript of Autism
Impaired receptive skills
Atypical play skills
Limited joint attention
Meaningless repetition of another person’s spoken words
Hyper or Hypo sensitivity to sensory input
Signs of Asd
What Causes Asd?
Cause of ASD remains unknown
However, evidence suggests that ASD results from the following interactions that occur early in development:
It has been scientifically proven that ASD is NOT a result of vaccinations
All races, nationalities, ethnicities, and socioeconomic classes.
Who Does It Affect?
1 out of every 68 children in the U.S.
Is this too busy for you
Autism Specturm Disorder
Is out there
There are several apps that can be found in the App Store and/or Google PlayStore.
What Can We Do?
No cure, but many treatments and strategies that can help.
Treatments may include PT, OT, speech, and behavioral therapy
Implementing supportive teaching techniques such as avoiding abstract ideas
Use specific and directed statements or questions, rather than broad general statements or questions.
Remind a child of his or her routine and reinforce expectations as well as appropriate behavior
It is important to develop a structured routine to prevent overstimulation and frustration
Provide a child with the perception of outcomes that certain expectations and behaviors will permit
Breaking Down Tasks
Breaking a difficult task into smaller steps can help to master a skill
Provide multi-sensory learning opportunities
Provide structured learning opportunities with choice
Avoid open ended questions
Provide a limited number of options
What is ASD?
Autism spectrum disorder is a neurodevelopmental disorder that impairs a child's ability to communicate and interact with others.
Generalized term for neurodevelopmental disorders:
Pervasive Developmental Disorder-Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS)
Childhood Disintegrative Disorder
Characterized by Difficulties In:
Verbal and Nonverbal Communication
Stereotypical and Repetitive Behaviors
Behavioral symptoms typically manifest within the first year of life
Boys more than girls.
Theories for ASD
Theory of Mind
Weak Central Coherence
Theory of Mind
Fundamental deficit in understanding the mental states of others
Theory of mind deficit makes it difficult for children with ASD to take the perspectives of others and, consequently, predict the behavior of others
Often seen with the Sally Anne test
Inability to separate one’s own mental world from the real world
Hinders the child to take part in imagination and role playing
Weak Central Coherence
A perceptual-cognitive-processing style makes mastery of gestalt thinking patterns difficult
Gestalt is a generalized way of thinking; whole picture is more than the sum of its parts
Focuses on isolated information in the environment rather than global information (e.g., focuses on the parts of a dandelion versus the whole flower at times)
Fails to account for the regional processing strengths that children with ASD often exhibit
Children with ASD have a fundamental deficit in cognition
Leads to problems with social construction
General learning problems characterized by preservation and poor self-regulation
Difficulty with planning, organizing, flexibility, inhibition, and working memory
Fails to delineate aspects that are specific to the ASD population
A square piece of carpet to define place to sit
When transitioning to a new task, it is important to give the child ample warning
Language choice matters
Many children with ASD can become fixated on one subject
Utilize the fixation to motivate the child to positive behaviors and gradually expand repertoire
for a traditional PowerPoint!
For more information on how you can help a child with ASD at home, school, and within the community check out the links below!
Starfall ABC/Learn to Read
The Monster at the End of This Book
Emotions and Feelings -- Autism
Agnitus -- Games for Learning
Cristy Phillip's Research Group
click the link below
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