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Transcript of Hernando Cortes
Heard about Christopher Columbus's discoveries and decided
that he wanted to explore as well. In the early 1500's, the ruler of Spain heard about gold in the Aztec empire of Mexico.
Cortes was chosen to explore Mexico
The Aztecs were group of people who lived in Central Mexico from 1400's - 1600's. Cortes set sail in 1519
Sailed through the Gulf of Mexico and landed on the East side of Mexico. The Aztecs were friendly when they met Cortes and gave him many gift including gold.
Montezuma, the leader of the Aztecs, believed that a white god would come from the ocean and he though Cortes was that god.
Gave Cortes many more gifts and gold and asked him to leave Cortes saw all the gold the Aztecs had and decided he wanted more. He refused to leave.
Cortes build a fort to stay in Mexico and burned most of his ships so his crew could not leave.
A fort is a permanent army post Cortes found gold and sent a ship full of it back to Spain.
Cortes then took his men and went to the capital to try and
take it over. The capital, Tenochtitlan, was a beautiful city with a large palace full of gold.
Battle was fought because Cortes wanted the gold and the Aztecs were protecting the gold.
Cortes won the battle and got all the gold. Cortes took over the capital and renamed it Mexico City
Cortes was named governor of Mexico City
Cortes died in 1547 at the age of 61