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Ancient China

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Kezia Mathai

on 25 June 2014

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Transcript of Ancient China

Ancient China!
Contributions
-Paper
-Ink
-Printing
-Compass
-Gunpowder
-Improved the way of farming
-Great Wall of China
Scientists
Zhang Heng- armillary sphere, astronomer
Zhang Zhongjing- Han Dynasty, "Chinese Hippocrates"
Zu Chongzhi- 2 calculations of Pi, mathematician, volume of a sphere
Sun Simiao- "China's King of Medicine"
Other things they invented which are still in use today...
-toilet paper
- Kites/hangliders
-seismograph (earthquake detector)

Government
The Dynasties Song...
Calligraphy
Calligraphy was the art of writing
People more used to calligraphy than painting.
Jin Dynasty.
Qin Dynasty Song!
Government:
*The dynasty cycle consisted of 3 dynasties (the Zhou, the Qin and the Han)

*The dynasty cycle lasted until the 20th century

*tax revenues declined in 189 C.E. and social division started to occur.

*ruled by the feudal system where lords owned the lands and peasant farmers worked the lands for them
Chinese Arts
Figure Painting

* Main Leader of the QIN Dynasty
*Used Mandate of Heaven and strong army to kick out all regional war lords.
*Believed in heavy unification.
*Brought nobles to live with him, so he could watch them.


The Qin Dynasty
Shi Haungdi's Terra Cotta Army
Tang dynasty
out-lined in black and bright colors in the middle.
chinese figure paintings - landscape of China
Diffusion of Classical China
During the
song dynasty the paintings of landscapes began to be more subtle and consisted of blurred lines.
Narrative Painting
Ming dynasty
painting simple subjects developed
wider color range and had more objects
In modern China, beginning with the New Cultures Movement, oil painting was introduced. The artist in Modern China painted about socialist realism.
the Han Dynasty was reunited by the Han
Lui Bang was the first emperor
when he died his empress Lu Zhu attempted to take the emperor for her own family. the conflict lasted 15 years.
Wu Ti was the next emperor
the emperors extend the borders past the great wall of china.
The Han ruled all of eastern china
at 160 C.E. they began to fall
the largest peasant rebellion known as the "Yellow Turban" was squashed by the Han.
the emperor Dong Zhou seized the throne and gave it to a child, Liu Xie
he took over and wars between states broke out
China would have to wait 350 years to be unified again.
Mongels created a giant empire that created a mass cultural diffusion (but there was no diffusion between Mongolians and Chinese because of Kublai Khan).
The architecture of china stays somewhat traditional today, the structures are similar to the styles that had taken shape in East Asia throughout several centuries.
China's architecture has major influences on the architecture of Japan, Korea, and Vietnam.
Architecture in Japan
Qin Dynasty
221-202 B.C.E
2 emperors: Qin Shi Huang and son Hu Hai
Autocratic/ Ethnocentrism

During the Han Dynasty, Buddhism spread
from India to China. Merchants or traders,
and missionaries (people who travel to spread
religous teachings) were the main cause of
this. Buddhism was closely related to the
Himalaya Mountains.
Empress Wu promoted Buddhism by making temples, pagodas, statues, and art. Buddhism & Confucianism spread to Japan, Korea, and Vietnam.
Shang China only traded with Mesopotamia.
More Diffusion with Han Dynasty
* trade thrived a long the Silk Road.
*The Silk Roads helped spread military methods, Buddhism, and styles to China.
*They traded with India and Mediterraneans.
*Horses, Persian rugs, and tapestries were imported. Textiles, porcelain, and paper were exported.
*Chinese art, silks, and pottery influenced western cultures.
Shi Haungdi
*Officials were selected from non-aristocratic groups.
*Extended the territory south and created the Great Wall of China.
*Burned books and attacked culture to prevent uprising
(targeted Confucianists), which is exactly why the dynasty fell apart.

Geography
Architecture
Capital: Beijing
Area: 3, 705, 407 sq miles
Mt. Everest is the highest point
Turpan Pendi is the lowest point

Third largest country
World's largest population
Four different regions
Yellow River and Yangtze River
3 Gorges Dams
*202 B.C.E.-220 C.E.

*one of the longest lasting dynasties

*A civil war followed the death of Haungdi (ruler of the Qin dynasty)
QIN DYNASTY
THE HAN DYNASTY
THE END :)




WATCHING! :)
Ni Hao (pronounced 'nee how')
and welcome to....

The Zhou Dynasty
* 1039-258 B.C.E.
*expanded territorial boundaries
by seizing the Yangtee river valley used Confucianism

* Did you know that this dynasty was the LONGEST ruling dynasty in the history of China?!

* Zhou is also known for beginning Confucianism and Taoism
Political Influences
*over time, China's political affairs have grown more important

* the Chinese Communist party is the main political force in China

*political leaders really emphasized the trade of silk.. this was VERY important for them! (Silk Trade)

*China's leaders are known as emperors... not rulers

*MANY of their political views and methods derived from the Confucian model.
THANKS FOR
Religious/ Philiophical/ Cultural Influences
Buddhism effected China
Today Christianity in China is around
8 million
Taoism- live in harmony rather than fighting (easier and happier)
Confucius was a major influence to China
Not much cultural influences in China but rather influenced other Asian countries.
Citizenship
Family life was important
Kids helped parents instead of going to school
Different level of respect for different society class
Some were slaves
Fun Facts
China's influence on other Asian countries is obvious.
"Greetings" are done by bowing
Students in China go to school for 9 hrs, and then some for tuition.
Fortune cookies do not originate in China
Over 5000 Chineses characters - pronunciation is key
( Say Chinese Phrases)
http://chinese.travel-way.net/cc376.mp3
http://chinese.travel-way.net/cc373.mp3
Full transcript