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SDGs and Women Economic Empowerment
Transcript of SDGs and Women Economic Empowerment
possess equal rights
to access bank loans, mortgages, and other forms of
, they have
not been able to use them effectively.
laborious household tasks
, such as grain grinding and fetching fuel wood and water which sap much of their energies and time which could have
otherwise been spent in more productive farming activities.
Most of the Pastoralist women in Ethiopia
do not have decision making power
over disposal of animals by sale, gift or slaughter
75% of farm labor
is done by women, yet they
hold only 18.7% of agricultural land
76% of rural women
have control over crops, land, and livestock compared to
over 90% of men
, but even then, ownership and decision-making remains in the control of men.
86% of rural women and men
on agriculture as a livelihood source.
Some Numbers .....
The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are a
proposed set of targets relating to future international development
They are to
replace the Millennium Development Goals
once they expire at the end of 2015.
What are SDGs?
Why do we need them ???
The eight MDGs –
failed to consider
causes of poverty
overlooked gender inequality
as well as the
holistic nature of development
Unlike the MDGs
, which were drawn up by a group of people in the UN headquarters, the
UN has conducted the largest consultation programme in its history to gauge opinion on what the SDGs should include
Sustainable Development Goals and Women Empowerment
Women often face different and more basic economic constraints than men
It can be due to lack of access to credit and lower demand for their products because of marketing in experience
The 2011 Gender and Development Index (GDI) placed Ethiopia in the 174th position out of 187 countries
What are the 17 goals ?
5.a Undertake reforms to
give women equal rights to economic resources
well as access to ownership and control over land
other forms of property
, financial services, inheritance and natural resources, in accordance with national laws
the use of enabling technology
in particular information and communications technology
, to promote the empowerment of women
5.c Adopt and strengthen
for the promotion of gender equality and the empowerment of all women and girls at all levels
It was Suggested :-
What we can learn from this :-
SO what are the Concerns
How will the Goals be Financed ??
Addis Ababa Action Agenda (AAAA) and women’s empowerment
Under the Action Agenda of the document ...
All the SDGs covers
the issue of
women’s right and gender equality
in one way or another
Goal 5 mainly focus about gender equality and women empowerment
Targets under Goal 5
all forms of discrimination against all women and girls
Eliminate all forms of violence against all women and girls
in the public and private spheres, including trafficking and sexual and other types of exploitation
The transition from MDGs to SDGs
It should be able to address :-
structural causes of gender inequality
violence against women, unpaid care work
limited control over assets and property
Unequal participation in private and public decision-making. (Meaningful participation of Women)
Sustainable Development Goals
gender equality and women’s empowerment
as a critical point to
accelerate progress towards the SDGs
Goals are strong on vision, but weak on the methods to make them a reality
from the intergovernmental committee of experts on sustainable development financing to eradicate extreme poverty at about
$66bn (£43bn) a year
Annual investments in improving infrastructure (water, agriculture, transport, power) could be up to a total of $7tn globally.
financing for Development FFD 3
,was held in
Addis Ababa Ethiopian to discuss on the means to finance the SDGs.
The conference was concluded with an
outcome document called Addis Ababa action agenda (AAAA).
UN Member States ratified it
The document has recognized gender equality and women’s empowerment in a better way than other related documents.
Paragraph 1 …..
recognition to gender equality
“ ….we will ensure gender equality and women’s and girls’ empowerment ….”
Exclusion of women in the world economy
representing half of the world’s population
as indigenous peoples and the vulnerable
continue to be
excluded from participating fully in the economy
importance of gender equality and empowerment of women and girls in order to achieve SDGs
All the Nations have affirmed their commitment to:-
women’s full and equal participation in the economy
, and their
equal access to decision making process and leadership.
Paragraph 30 “….
Promote gender responsive budgeting and tracking
Paragraph 37 “
removing any barriers
that prevent women from being
full participants in the economy
(for political and economic decision making)”
financial inclusion of women
Women as producers and traders,
Women’s empowerment in international trade
Prevention of all forms of violence against women
Access to technology and science for women, youth and children
Other parts of the document also talk about important aspects like :-
The SDGs offer a real opportunity to drive lasting Change for Ethiopian women’s rights and equality, and to bring transformative change in women’s life.
A better world for women and girls means a better world for us all !
“ Many people,
especially women, still lack access to financial services
, as well as financial literacy, which is a key for social inclusion. We will
work towards full and equal access to formal financial services for all
SDGs and Women Economic Empowerment
Ensure women’s full and effective participation and equal opportunities for leadership
at all levels of decision-making in political, economic and public life
Ensure universal access to sexual and reproductive health and reproductive rights
as agreed in accordance with the Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development and the Beijing Platform for Action and the outcome documents of their review conferences
Eliminate all harmful practices,
such as child, early and forced marriage and female genital mutilation
Recognize and value unpaid care and domestic work
through the provision of public services, infrastructure and social protection policies and the promotion of shared responsibility within the household and the family as nationally appropriate