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SDGs and Women Economic Empowerment

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by

Hezkias Tadele

on 5 November 2015

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Transcript of SDGs and Women Economic Empowerment

Current Situation
Though women
possess equal rights
to access bank loans, mortgages, and other forms of
financial credit
, they have
not been able to use them effectively.

Pastoralist women
perform
laborious household tasks
, such as grain grinding and fetching fuel wood and water which sap much of their energies and time which could have
otherwise been spent in more productive farming activities.

Most of the Pastoralist women in Ethiopia
do not have decision making power
over disposal of animals by sale, gift or slaughter

75% of farm labor
is done by women, yet they
hold only 18.7% of agricultural land
.
 
76% of rural women
have control over crops, land, and livestock compared to
over 90% of men
, but even then, ownership and decision-making remains in the control of men.
 
86% of rural women and men
depend
on agriculture as a livelihood source.

Some Numbers .....
The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are a
proposed set of targets relating to future international development
.

They are to
replace the Millennium Development Goals
once they expire at the end of 2015.

What are SDGs?
Why do we need them ???
The eight MDGs –
failed to consider
the root
causes of poverty
and
overlooked gender inequality
as well as the
holistic nature of development


Unlike the MDGs
, which were drawn up by a group of people in the UN headquarters, the
UN has conducted the largest consultation programme in its history to gauge opinion on what the SDGs should include
.

Sustainable Development Goals and Women Empowerment
Women often face different and more basic economic constraints than men

It can be due to lack of access to credit and lower demand for their products because of marketing in experience

The 2011 Gender and Development Index (GDI) placed Ethiopia in the 174th position out of 187 countries

Source: www.sdgfund.org
What are the 17 goals ?
5.a Undertake reforms to
give women equal rights to economic resources
, as
well as access to ownership and control over land
and
other forms of property
, financial services, inheritance and natural resources, in accordance with national laws

5.b Enhance
the use of enabling technology
,
in particular information and communications technology
, to promote the empowerment of women

5.c Adopt and strengthen
sound policies
and
enforceable legislation
for the promotion of gender equality and the empowerment of all women and girls at all levels

It was Suggested :-
What we can learn from this :-
SO what are the Concerns
How will the Goals be Financed ??
Addis Ababa Action Agenda (AAAA) and women’s empowerment
Under the Action Agenda of the document ...
All the SDGs covers
the issue of
women’s right and gender equality
in one way or another

But
Goal 5 mainly focus about gender equality and women empowerment
prominently.

Targets under Goal 5
 
5.1 End
all forms of discrimination against all women and girls
everywhere

5.2
Eliminate all forms of violence against all women and girls
in the public and private spheres, including trafficking and sexual and other types of exploitation


The transition from MDGs to SDGs
It should be able to address :-

the
structural causes of gender inequality
,
violence against women, unpaid care work
,
limited control over assets and property
,
Unequal participation in private and public decision-making. (Meaningful participation of Women)


The
Sustainable Development Goals
has placed
gender equality and women’s empowerment
as a critical point to
accelerate progress towards the SDGs

Goals are strong on vision, but weak on the methods to make them a reality
Rough calculations
from the intergovernmental committee of experts on sustainable development financing to eradicate extreme poverty at about
$66bn (£43bn) a year
,


Annual investments in improving infrastructure (water, agriculture, transport, power) could be up to a total of $7tn globally.


A major
conference
on
financing for Development FFD 3
,was held in
Addis Ababa Ethiopian to discuss on the means to finance the SDGs.

The conference was concluded with an
outcome document called Addis Ababa action agenda (AAAA).
193
UN Member States ratified it

139
paragraphs

The document has recognized gender equality and women’s empowerment in a better way than other related documents.

Paragraph 1 …..
recognition to gender equality

“ ….we will ensure gender equality and women’s and girls’ empowerment ….”
Paragraph 4
……
Exclusion of women in the world economy
is recognized.

“ Women
representing half of the world’s population
as well
as indigenous peoples and the vulnerable
continue to be
excluded from participating fully in the economy

Paragraph 5
……..
importance of gender equality and empowerment of women and girls in order to achieve SDGs
.


All the Nations have affirmed their commitment to:-


paragraph 21
“ enable
women’s full and equal participation in the economy
, and their
equal access to decision making process and leadership.


Paragraph 30 “….
Promote gender responsive budgeting and tracking


Paragraph 37 “
removing any barriers
that prevent women from being
full participants in the economy
(for political and economic decision making)”

Paragraph 39
talks about
financial inclusion of women

Women as producers and traders,
Women’s empowerment in international trade
Prevention of all forms of violence against women
Access to technology and science for women, youth and children
Other parts of the document also talk about important aspects like :-
Conclusion
The SDGs offer a real opportunity to drive lasting Change for Ethiopian women’s rights and equality, and to bring transformative change in women’s life.

A better world for women and girls means a better world for us all !

“ Many people,
especially women, still lack access to financial services
, as well as financial literacy, which is a key for social inclusion. We will
work towards full and equal access to formal financial services for all

SDGs and Women Economic Empowerment
5.5.
Ensure women’s full and effective participation and equal opportunities for leadership
at all levels of decision-making in political, economic and public life







5.6.
Ensure universal access to sexual and reproductive health and reproductive rights
as agreed in accordance with the Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development and the Beijing Platform for Action and the outcome documents of their review conferences
5.3
Eliminate all harmful practices,
such as child, early and forced marriage and female genital mutilation



5.4.
Recognize and value unpaid care and domestic work
through the provision of public services, infrastructure and social protection policies and the promotion of shared responsibility within the household and the family as nationally appropriate





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