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1960s & 1970s Social & Economic Change in Canada

By: Sukhraj, Amar, Simrit

Sukhraj Gill

on 1 June 2015

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Transcript of 1960s & 1970s Social & Economic Change in Canada

- Start of the hippie phenomenon
- This was a protest against mainstream society
- Canadian Youth became part of counterculture
- Strong Beliefs
- Popular music reflecting the times
Expo '67
- Woodstock Music and Arts Festival
- August 15-18, 1969
- Dairy farm in Bethal, New York
- 400,000 showed up
- 32 acts performed
- Many famous performers
- Joan Baez, Ravi Shankar, The Who, Jimi Hendrix
Canadian International Development Agency
- established in 1968
- government body to aid countries
- to look over and help developing countries
- Fair held in Montreal, Canada
- Canada's 100th birthday
- Shows how much they accomplished
- French and English relations become more strained
The Women's Liberation Movement
-changes in life choices and politics
Mainstream Feminists:
Addressed and publicized their cause through media
Radical Feminists:
Used aggressive protest tactics.

1976: Maternity leave legislation
1977: Equal pay
1978: Human Rights Commission; ending gender discrimination.
1978: Jeanne Sauvé was first female Speaker of HC.
Women began to enter careers reserved for men
"Just Society"
Pierre Trudeau's vision of a "just" nation.
The Beatles
- New sound, new style, new message, new hype
- Spawned the "hippie generation"
- Represented an appearance completely opposite of accepted cultural norms.
- Influenced free love and drugs.
- Unpredictable
- big cultural rebellion
- Their music celebrated alternate lifestyles that challenged the establishment

The Era of Protest : Counterculture
- Post-war baby boom = teens and young adults in 1960s
- Teen culture: looking to change outdated traditions
- Young Canadians promoted counterculture
- Values were changing
- Parliament passed liberal laws; abortion, homosexuality, divorce
- Women and birth control
1960s & 1970s:
Social and Economic Change in Canada

Social Change
Economic Change
- Trudeau put in price and wage controls
- It caused prices for consumer items to rise, while controls kept wages down
- Inflation hit "double digits" (normal is 2-3%)
- Working people generally got pay increases
- Fixed incomes did not get increases
By: Sukhraj, Amar, Simrit

International Profile:
Trade and Aid
- Canada provided aid to developing countries
- previous French colonies
- Asian countries and immigrants
- Cuba and Mexico had stronger political ties
- Trudeau visited the Soviet Union (1971)
- Canadians continuted relations with Cuba
Bridging the Economic Gap

"The Big Apple: Youthquake or Youth Quake (youth + Earthquake)." The Big Apple: Youthquake or Youth Quake (youth + Earthquake). N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Jan. 2015.
"Canadian International Development Agency." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, n.d. Web. 02 Jan. 2015.
Cranny, Michael William, and Garvin Moles. Counterpoints: Exploring Canadian Issues. Toronto: Prentice Hall, 2001. Print.
Falk, J. A., and Yvette Plante. "Chapter Five: Post War 1946-1980." Social Studies Eleven: Student Workbook. Surrey, B.C.: Hazelmere, 2005. N. pag. Print.
"Foreign Aid." The Canadian Encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Jan. 2015.
"Introduction." That Crazy, Crazy World. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 Jan. 2015.
The Just Society. N.p.: n.p., 1976. Web.
"1973 Oil Crisis." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, n.d. Web. 04 Jan. 2015.
"1973-74 Oil Crisis." - Timeline. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Jan. 2015.
"The Sound of the Beatles." - Summary. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 Jan. 2015.
"The Sound of the Beatles." - Summary. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 Jan. 2015.
"Western Alienation." Western Alienation. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Jan. 2015.
Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, n.d. Web. 04 Jan. 2015. .

- Trudeau wanted world peace
- plan involved: lowering nuclear weapons, establishing trade, creating sporting links
- helped poor countries
- trade and aid
- Trudeau believed the rich should help the poor

Oil Embargo
-During tough economic times
-Canada supported Israel in war
-Arabian countries refused to sell oil to Canada
-Price of gas and oil went up 400%
More Effects
-Canadian workers asked for higher wages

-Increased need for women to go into the workforce

-Unemployment rates soared
Unsettling Times of the70's
-Along with oil prices, Canada had a poor economy

-Canadian dollar value sunk

-Price of manufactured products went up

Western Alienation
-Western Canada knowing that the federal government was in favor of Central Canada

-Ottawa policies favored central Canada at the expense of the West

-federal government froze prices of domestic oil and gas and taxed petroleum exports from Western Canada

Pierre Elliot Trudeau
The Foreign Policy
- Trudeau wanted a less US dependant policy
- 1970 Canada saw the communist government of China
- Trudeau's decisions benefited Canadians
- Born 1919 in Quebec
- lawyer, law professor, author
- Elected to commons in 1965
- Prime Minister 1968-1979
- Key decisions for Canada
- Promoted peace between countries

- Changed criminal code: decriminalize homosexuality, easier to divorce, legalized abortions
- passed Official Languages Act in 1969
Women's Rights
Gay Rights
Summit Series
National Action Committee on the Status of Women
Since 1960's gay,lesbian, bisexual and transgender have seen a steady increase in rights.
National Action Committee on the Status of Women is an action-oriented organization made up of over 700 groups from all over Canada. In 1971 the NAC started with 30 groups that have expanded to become the largest umbrella organization of women's groups in Canada.
By the 1970s approximately one-half of Canadian women were in the paid labour force, though, overall, but women earned only 66% of what men earned.
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