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13 Colonies

By: Rohan Jain, Ashley Kim, and Sam Shoenfeld

Ashley Kim

on 19 January 2015

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Transcript of 13 Colonies

Types of Labor
Much of the industry included fishing
Some people were paid to work for others
The New England colonies had a lot of seaports and docks
In the New Hampshire and Massachusetts colonies the money was the pound
The Rhode Island colony used wampum shells because money was scarce
How They Made Money

The New England Colonies had the least amount of slaves and indentured servants
A lot of people were free in the New England Colonies
There was a lot of paid labor because of the land abundance
The New England Colonies did do a lot of slave trade to the Middle and South colonies
Not a lot of work for slaves to do, so they were not as common as in the Southern Colonies
Additional Facts
Thomas Hooker
Founded Connecticut
Believed that the Massachusetts Bay colony had governors and officials with too much power
Roger Williams
Founded Rhode Island
He is anti-religious in the government
John Winthrop
Founded Massachusetts
Led the first large wave of migrants from England
John Mason
Founder of New Hampshire
He received a patent from the Council for New England with Sir Ferdinando Gorges. Mason received the southern portion of the colony
Mason never stepped foot in New Hampshire

Famous People
Why the Colonies Were Founded -- Massachusetts
The New England Colonies

The soil was bad which wasn't good for farming, therefore the jobs included:
Ship building

Religion played a very large role in the founding of the colonies.
The migration from England to Massachusetts was led by a group of people called the
In about 1629, the Puritans convinced royal officials to grant them a charter to form the
Massachusetts Bay Company
Many people were attracted to Massachusetts Bay because it offered cheap land and a chance to start businesses.
John Winthrop was the leader of this colony and founded it in 1630

Why the Colonies Were Founded -- Rhode Island

Why the Colonies Were Founded -- Connecticut
Why the Colonies Were Founded-- New Hampshire
In May 1636, a Puritan named Thomas Hooker led 100 settlers out of Massachusetts Bay
They reached the Connecticut River, and built a town called
Hooker left Massachusetts because he believed that the Massachusetts' officials had too much power
Hooker and the settlers created a document called the
Orders of Connecticut
This document was the first written constitution in North America-- lasted until 1662
Williams believed that the Puritan Church had too much power
Williams thought that the business of church and state should be separate
Puritan leaders saw Williams as a dangerous man and ordered him to leave Massachusetts Bay
He fled to Narragansett Bay and it later became Rhode Island (Founded in 1636)
In Rhode Island, he inputted a lot of his ideas about tolerance

The founder of this colony was John Mason (Founded in 1629)
Mason lived in Hampshire County in England
The land in New Hampshire was granted to John Mason and Sir Ferdinando Gorges
He sent settlers to create a fishing colony
Mason never set foot in New Hampshire

Types of Government
Rhode Island- Self Governing
Massachusetts- Ruled directly by England
New Hampshire- Ruled directly by England
Connecticut- Self Governing
RJ Work Cited
Fradin, Dennis B. The New Hampshire Colony. Chicago: Childrens, 1988. Print.
"Slavery in Massachusetts." Slavery in Massachusetts. N.p., m.n.d. Web. 16 Jan. 2015.
Fradin, Dennis B. The Rhode Island Colony. Chicago: Childrens, 1989. Print.
Shmoop Editorial Team. "Society in Colonial New England." Shmoop.com. Shmoop University, Inc., 11 Nov. 2008. Web. 16 Jan. 2015.
"Slavery in the North." Slavery in the North. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Jan. 2015.
"13 Colonies." Flashcards. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Jan. 2015.
"13 Colonies." Flashcards. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Jan. 2015.
SS Work Cited
Davidson, James West., and Michael B. Stoff. The American Nation. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall in Association with American Heritage, 2003. Print.
"New England Colonies." ***. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Jan. 2015.
Types of Charters
New Hampshire- Royal Charter
Massachusetts- Royal Charter
Conneticut- Charter
Rhode Island- Charter
New England didn’t have very fertile land- this resulted in not a lot of farming
Native Americans showed many settlers how to grow crops
Indian corn, pumpkin, squash, and beans
Settlers also fished for things like:
Cods, halibut, and whales (whales supplied oil)
The forests were full of riches--Wild animals like turkey and deer were often found.
Because New England was so close to the Appalachian Mountains, there was a natural large supply of fish, lumber, and fur

Natural Resources
Relations with Native Americans - Massachusetts
Relations with Native Americans-
New Hampshire
Native American relations were not that violent in New Hampshire
The New Hampshire Colony tried to stay close to the Atlantic so that they could keep in consistent contact with England
Although relations weren't violent, they did interact. The two traded very often
Example, trading metal for survival skills
Even though relations were peaceful, the English were worried and built defenses for safety
Relations with Native Americans-
Rhode Island
Roger Williams kept Native American relations very good
He respected the Natives and even won over the trust of one of the most powerful native tribes-- the Narragansett
The two were so close that Williams even convinced the tribe to form an alliance and attack the Pequots
But this peace did not last very long and the natives started to smell war
The War

By 1607, there were already about 45,000 settlers and they kept taking Native American land
One of the largest conflicts was in 1675 ---King Philip's War (aka Metacom's Rebellion)
Tribes included: Wampanoag, Pequot, Narraganset,
Metacom and his people attacked English villages in New England.
The natives destroyed 12 English Village and killed about 600 English settlers.
The war ended in August 1676, after Metacom was captured and beheaded.

The Puritans believed that the Natives were inferior to them
But many believed that the natives could be converted to Christians
The natives thought that the Puritans conversion actions were violent and unkind
Accepting Christianity usually meant giving up their language and abandoning their homes.

Relations with Native Americans - Connecticut
The Indian tribe, the Pequots had bad relations with the Connecticut settlers
Although Connecticut's military played a crucial role in the war, Connecticut didn't suffer a lot during King Philip's War
Connecticut played a large role in the New England Confereration
Major Events
: Royal English officials grant the Puritans a charter to from the Massachusetts Bay Colony.

May 1636:
Thomas Hooker led around 100 settlers out of Massachusetts Bay to set up a colony in Connecticut.

The General Court orders Roger Williams to leave Massachusetts. He then fled to Narragansett Bay (Rhode Island)

Settlers who left Massachusetts for Connecticut write a plan of government called the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut.

The King Philip War starts. Wampanoags led by Metacom attacks the English

The Puritans decline
AK Work Cited
"The Colony of New Hampshire." APUSHistoryCase -. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Jan. 2015.
"History of American Women." Native Americans and Massachusetts Bay Colony. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Jan. 2015.
"King Philip’s War." History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 16 Jan. 2015.
"The Society of Colonial Wars in the State of Connecticut - 1675 King Philip's War." The Society of Colonial Wars in the State of Connecticut - 1675 King Philip's War. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Jan. 2015.
"Regions." Ch. 4. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Jan. 2015.
"New England Colonies." The Thirteen Original Colonies. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Jan. 2015.
Davidson, James West., and Michael B. Stoff. The American Nation. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall in Association with American Heritage, 2003. Print.
"New England Colonies." ***. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Jan. 2015.
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