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Sleep and Rest

FNC 2 Week 10
by

Dame Elysabeth

on 19 November 2015

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Transcript of Sleep and Rest

SLEEP AND REST
REST
TUJUAN ISTIRAHAT DAN TIDUR
1. Membantu pemulihan

2. Penting untuk kesehatan, kesejahteraan

3. Membantu ingatan/memories, memperkuat proses belajar, meningkatkan konsentrasi

4. Mengatur mood (suasana hati)

NEWBORNS


(0–2 months)
12–18 hours
INFANTS


(3–11 months)
14–15 hours
TODDLERS


(1–3 years)
12–14 hours
PRESCHOOLERS


(3–5 years)
11–13 hours
SCHOOL-AGE CHILDREN


(5–10 years)
10–11 hours
TEENS


(10–17 years)
8.5–9.25 hours
ADULTS


(18-100000000 years)
7–9 hours


Fact vs. Myth
Myth: To function best, you need to get eight hours
Fact: Every person requires a different amount of sleep

Myth: If you can get it, more sleep is always healthier
Fact: You need to get enough sleep but you can also get too much

Myth: You can make up for lost sleep on weekends.
Fact: Your body has a sleep schedule that is intact everyday not just certain days of the week
Set a Goal
An easy way to be able to work more sleep into your schedule would be to turn off your phone and try to get to bed 15-20 minutes earlier every week. Doing your homework and other stressful activities as soon as you can will also help
Refleksi.....
acknowledged Lexi Morgan, Kienna Qin and Catherine Wei for picture background
Deskripsikan kegiatan tidur saudara sejak 3 hari yang lalu
Pukul berapa anda tidur
Pukul berapa anda bangun
Apa yang anda lakukan sebelum tidur
Bagaimana perasaan anda saat bangun tidur
Contoh: Hari Bangun Tidur
Jumat 05.35 am 10.30 pm
Foundations of Nursing Care 2
Bagaimana perasaan anda?
Tujuan Pembelajaran
1.Fungsi dan Fisiologis Tidur
2. Karakteristik tidur : NREM dan REM
3. Variasi Pola Tidur
4. Faktor yang Memengaruhi Tidur
5. Komponen Pengkajian Istirahat-Tidur
Definition :
“a state of
altered consciousness
during which an individual experiences minimal physical activity and general slowing of the body’s physiological processes.” (Daniels, 2004)
Definition of rest:
“a state of
relaxation and calmness,
both
mental and physical.”
(Daniels, 2004)
SLEEP
REST
Mental
and
physical
relaxation
Feeling and state of
calmness
Enables resumption of daily activities
Does not
require
physical inactivity
Requires
freedom
from cognitive concerns and stresses
FUNGSI TIDUR
RESTORATIVE AND REPARATIVE
Non REM sleep
Brain recovery

REM sleep
Consolidation of long term memory and learning

Adenosine
Essential energy component for cellular function
Generated by neurons during wakefulness
Adenosine blocks arousal system
Increasing levels induce drowsiness and sleep
During sleep adenosine is removed by the neurons

Effects of alterations in sleep and rest
Decreased day time alertness
Interrupted sleep patterns
Interference with sleep
Sleep/activity asynchrony
insomnia
sleep apnea
narcolepsy
restless leg syndrome
somniloquy
sleep walking
night terrors

SLEEP DISORDERS
1. Physical examination and observation.
2. nterview.
Sleep patterns.
Sleep habits.
Medical history.
Medication
Caffeine / Alcohol intake.
Other illicit substances
3. Sleep laboratory evaluation focus.
METODE PENGUMPULAN DATA
General appearance.
Behavioral indicators of sleep disruption, such as restlessness, yawning, lethargy.

Face.
flat or expressionless, red conjunctiva, dark circles under eyes

Speech pattern.
Mispronunciation and incorrect word usage.
Cognitive functions
Decreased level of alertness, impaired judgment and problem solving

DATA OBJEKTIF
DATA SUBJEKTIF
Define clients usual sleep patterns:
Duration of sleep
Quality of sleep
Usual time for falling asleep and awakening
Night time rituals
Number of awakenings through night – what do they do when they awake
Ability to get back to sleep
Pattern of day time napping
PANDUAN WAWANCARA
At what time do you usually go to bed?
At what time do you usually awaken?
Is your sleep undisturbed?
How do you feel when you awaken?
Describe the environment in which you sleep.
What strategies do you use to fall asleep if you are having difficulty doing that?
PANDUAN WAWANCARA
Do you ever have difficulty staying awake?
Do you take a nap during the day?
Do you have nightmares?
Do you walk in your sleep?
Do you often wake up with dark circles under your eyes?
DIAGNOSA KEPERAWATAN
Sleep deprivation
Disturbed sleep pattern
Fatigue
etc
PROMOTING SLEEP
Bedtime routines
Limited daytime use of bedroom
Warm milk
Backrub
Exercise
Pain control
Faktor-faktor yang Memengaruhi Tidur
1. Obat & substansi
2. Gaya Hidup
3. Pola Tidur yang Lazim
4. Stress emosional
5. Lingkungan
6. Latihan dan kelelahan
7. Makanan dan Asupan Kalori
(Potter & Perry, 2010)
Quantity vs Quality ????
Full transcript