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ANCIENT INDIA ABC BOOK

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Abbie Szendrey

on 28 March 2014

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Transcript of ANCIENT INDIA ABC BOOK

ANCIENT INDIA ABC BOOK
T-Thar Desert
Q-Quetta
-The town is believed to have its name from the ancient fort
that protected the roads to Afghanistan, Persia and India

-It became the largest garrison in British India

-In 1730 it came under the control of the Khan of Kalat, who made it his northern capital

J-Jainism
-A path of non-violence towards all living beings

-Emphasizes spiritual independence and equality between all forms of life

-Jainism is one of the oldest religions in the world
Y- Yajur Veda
-The second Veda out of four

-Containing formulas to be recited by officiating
priest

-Is also known as The Book of Ritual
D-DHARMA
- It means to find the good in life

-Can find it in duties, rights, laws, conduct, and virtues

- Has a meaning of "to hold, maintain, keep", which means you should try to stay with dharma once you find it
C-CODE OF MANU
-Is the most important and earliest metrical work of textual tradition of Hinduism

-Manu became the standard point of reference for all future
rulers

-Made up of eighteen laws
W-Warriors
-Warfare in ancient India centered around the chariot

- First to use the elephant in battle

-Wars were frequently fought over territories
X-Xerxes
-Was king of the Persian Empire

-Xerxes suppressed a revolt in Egypt

- He built a bridge across the Hellespont and dug a
canal across a peninsula for ships

-His empire expanded into India
S-Sculpture
-Indian art culture is dominated by sculptures

-Sculptures of India has its roots from the planet’s oldest Indus Valley Civilization

-Their impact added beauty to complex carvings of sacred buildings
U-Upanishads
-It's the final part of the Vedas

-It means “sitting beside” a guru

-What matters when reading it is the seeker’s depth of sincerity and character.
F- Fire-God
- Also referred to as Agni

-One of the most important of the Vedic gods

-As God of fire, he has two heads, one marks immortality and the other marks an unknown symbol of life
E-EIGHTFOLD PATH
-Holika was a demoness who was killed on the day of Holi

-She was the sister of King Hiranyakashipu.

-The story of Holika's conflict signifies the triumph of good over evil
G-GURU
- He is the King of the Gods.

-The chief deity of the Rigveda

- Also is the god of weather and war
-They are a collection of hymns and other ritual texts

-Parts of these collections were composed in different
periods

-Are used in many ancient Indian religions
I- Indra
- Is the Hindu Goddess of wealth, prosperity, fortune, and the embodiment of beauty

- She is wife of Vishnu

-Her name means 'sinless'
H- Holikā
L-Lakshmi
V-Vedas
-Your occupation often decided your place in the caste system

-A popular occupation was farming

-Another populated job was metal-working
B-BUDDHA
- Refers to the imperturbable stillness of mind after you have gotten rid of desire, aversion, and delusion have been finally extinguished

-The Buddha refers to it as "the ultimate release from rebirth"

-Was founded when the Buddha was looking for the meaning
of life
-A Sanskrit term that comprises the entire cycle of cause and effect

-Karma is closely associated with the idea of rebirth in newer
Hindu schools

-Known to affect one's future in the current life, as well as the nature and quality of future lives
O-Occupation
N- NIRVANNA
H- Holikā
K-Karma
-These are the different concepts that Idian cultures believe in

-The Buddha came up with some of these when he was searching for the meaning of life

-An example is Karma, which you can read on letter K
P- Philosophic Concepts
-It means emancipation, liberation or release

-Is included as one of the four aspects and goals of human
life

-The concept of Moksha is found In Jainism, Buddhism and Hinduism
R-Rama
M- Moksha
-Is the way to the achievement of self-awakening

- One of the most valuable teachings of the Buddha

-The Noble Eightfold Path is used at most Buddhist
schools
A-ASTRONOMY
-A Sanskrit term for "teacher" or "master"

-In Hinduism, you should try to find a Guru to teach you their wisdom

-A Guru is one's spiritual guide on earth


ABBIE SZENDREY 1ST PERIOD
- We learn about their ideas of outer space through the Vedas

-Started off as a spiritual belief, turned into a scientific idea

-Indian astronomers recognized that the stars are the same as the Sun, only farther away, and they appear at night

-Buddha means "enlightened" in Sanskrit

-It's title is applied to Siddhartha Gautama, the fou-
nder of Buddhism

-The three teachings Buddha taught was not to be ignorant, hate and angry.



symbol of
The Path -->
-Is the seventh avatar of the God Vishnu in Hinduism

-Is widely worshiped throughout Nepal and India

-He is pictured as the ideal man and the perfect human
- It is spread over four states in India

-It receives as little as 4 inches of rain each year

-The vegetation and animal life in this region is very rich
Z-Zero
-The concept of zero originated in Ancient India

-In ancient India this number was used in computation

-It was indicated by a dot
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