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Chapter 18 Review: Social Psychology

AP Psych Final Project

Andres Gonzalez

on 28 May 2013

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Transcript of Chapter 18 Review: Social Psychology

Social Psychology Social Influence Normative Social Influence influence resulting in the desire to gain approval or avoid disapproval Group Pressure and Conformity Conformity Changing ones behavior to correspond with a group standard Obedience Group Influence Social Loafing Social Facilitation - The tendency of people to perform simple, well known tasks, better in the presence of others. Deindividuation -The loss of a person's sense of individuality and personal responsibility in group situations that foster arousal and anonymity. Group Polarization - "The tendency for groups to make decisions that are more extreme than the initial inclination of its members" Groupthink - "The practice of thinking or making decisions as a group in a way that discourages creativity or individual responsibility" - scientific study of how we think about, influence, and relate to one another Prejudice Discrimination -"Unjustifiable negative behavior about a group of people" Ingroup Outgroup Scapegoat Theory "The theory that prejudice offers an outlet for anger by providing someone to blame on" Just-World Phenomenon Socail Traps Basic Areas Of Experimentation - Attention
- Language use
- Memory perception
- Problem Solving
- Thinking Socal Thinking What is Social Psychology? Subsections of Social Psychology Soical influence Stereotype "A generalized belief about a group of people." Social Relations Social Thinking Mere Exposure Effect Passionate Love Companionate Love Bystander effect Informational Socail Influence WolfGang Kohler: Mentality of Apes In 1913, Kohler went to the island of Tenerife in the Canary Islands to observe how chimpanzees solved problems - Discovery: Chimps solved problems using insight
- Purpose: to gain knowledge of the nature of intelligent acts - Proposed by Fritz Heider
- Judgments about why a particular
event or action has occurred Fundamental attribution error - Conclusion: animals exhibit insight and intelligent behavior just like humans
- Intelligence vs. Brain development - "the tendency to assume that people's actions and words reflect their personality, their attitudes, or some other internal factor, rather than external or situational factors" Attitudes and Actions Attitude: affective feelings influenced by our belifs, toward people, objects, and events that has an influence on ones behavior Foot-in-the-Door Phenomenon -The tendancy for a person to comply to a large request if fist they agree to do a small request. Role Playing Affects Attitudes Cognitive Dissonance Theory - proposed by Leon Festinger Social Relations Social Exchange Theory Reciprocity
Norm End of
Chapter 18 to gain knowledge of the nature of intelligent acts PURPOSE DISCOVERY Chimps solve problems using insight CONCLUSION animals exhibit insight and intelligent behavior just like humansIntelligence vs. Brain development Attribution theory (Social Psychology Alive) e.g.- when someone gets into a car accident you would most likley assume that they are bad drivers rather then considering other factors such as a animal in the road. Philip Zimbardo's Stanford Prison Experiment - cognitive dissonance theory asserts that people act to reduce the discomfort when we feel when two conflicting or inconsistent thoughts behavior is contagious e.g. - clapping when others do, after a play, even though you might have not liked it, you clap to avoid the dissaproval of the other people. • "the influence of other people that leads us to conform because we see them as a source of information to guide our behavior; we conform because we believe that others' interpretation of an ambiguous situation is more correct than ours and will help us choose an appropriate course of action" Asch's Conformity Experiment milgram's obedience study - "The phenomenon of people exerting less effort to achieve a goal when they work in a group than when they work alone" A negative, usually unjustified
attitude directed toward people simply because they are members of a specific social group. "US" "Them" group of people you identify yourself with. group of people you don't identify yourself with. ingroup bias: tendancy to prefer one's own group -The tendency of people to think that the world is just therefore people get what they deserve and deserve what they get. -"a situation in which a group of people act to obtain short-term individual gains, which in the long run leads to a loss for the group as a whole." "A deep, mature, affectionate attachment between people who love each other, like each other, and respect each other." "Compassionate love is when two people first fall in love, they often have an intense passion for each other" Equity:


Altruism: "A situation in which people receive in proportion to what they give to the relationship" "When you share very private, intimate secrets about yourself with another person" "The belief in or practice of disinterested and selfless concern for the well-being of others." good luck on the test! Chapter 18 review Andres Gonzalez
AP Psychology
Mr. Simon 6
29 May 2013
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