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Grendel: Chapter 10

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Kelly Schmalz

on 28 October 2013

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Transcript of Grendel: Chapter 10

Important events
Grendel kills the goat but, the goat doesn’t go down without a fight
“He keeps on climbing mindless, mechanical, because it is the business of goats to climb,” (139).
“It splits his scull, and blood sprays out past his dangling brains, yet he doesn’t fall,” (140).
The shaper dies
“He sits motionless, propped up in bed, deathwhite hands folded on top of the covers: his eyes, once webbed with visions, are shut,” (143).
Grendel goes to the Shaper’s Funeral
“I decide, naturally, to attend his funeral,” (147).

Character Development
Grendel
Has a conflict with his mother about whether or not to go to the funeral.
He sees the goat as a mindless, naïve, creature who doesn’t understand. (childish)
“Tedium is the worst pain.” (despises tedium)
Resentful. Regrets not capturing the Shaper and torturing/making a fool out of him.

“I should have cracked his skull midsong and sent his blood spraying out wet through the meadhall like a shocking change of key,” (146).

Tone of the Chapter
Bitter
Grendel is bitter that he didn’t kill the Shaper when he had the chance.
“I should have captured him, teased him, tormented him, made a fool of him,”(146).
Gloomy
The shaper is dying. The war has been going on for many years and Heorot is degenerating.
“He sits motionless, propped up in bed, deathwhite hands folded on top of the covers: his eyes, once webbed with visions, are shut,” (143).




Philosophy
Nihil ex nihilo, or nothing from nothing.
This Latin phrase reveals Grendel's pretentiousness, and his desire to simplify things.
Grendel believes the past is just as irrelevant as the future and he can ignore anything that isn't happening right now.
Grendel learns that he should have trusted his instincts and his mother's warnings.

“I decide naturally to attend his funeral. She tries to prevent me. I lift her by the armpits as though she were a child, and gently, I set her aside. Her face trembles, torn, I think, between terror and self-pity. It crosses my mind she knows something, but she doesn’t, I know.”

Authors Purpose
Grendel finds that history has lost all its meaning. Events that occurred in the past stay in the past.
Everything around Grendel has become stale, and tedious. His assertion is that “there is nothing to expect,” yet he still finds himself awaiting a major change. The first step in that change is the death of the extremely influential Shaper. The Shaper’s passing not only ends an epoch for Grendel but also the very notion of history itself.

“I think of the pastness of the past: how the moment I am alive in, prisoned in, moves like a slowly tumbling form through darkness, the underground river. Not only ancient history-the mythical age of the brother’s feud-but my own history one second ago, has vanished utterly, dropped out of existence,” (146).

Grendel: Chapter 10
Capricorn
By Caroline
Devon
Kelly

Violent
Grendel brutally kills the goat.
“Death shakes his body the way high wind shakes trees. He climbs toward me. I snatch up a stone,” (140).
Frustrated
His mother is frustrated with him because he is not listening to her and going to the funeral anyway.
Grendel is frustrated with the goat because it won’t listen to him and won’t die.
“She tries to prevent me. I lift her by the armpits…I set her aside,” (147).

Connections to the Poem
Foreshadowing to Beowulf:
“I spy on an old woman telling lies to children… She tells of a giant across the sea who has the strength of thirty thanes. ‘Someday he will come here,’ she tells the children,” (141-142)
Grendel’s mother
Bewoulf, Grendel’s mother seeks revenge on Beowulf for killing her son. So as the reader we see that she really cares about her child. In chapter 10, Grendel’s mother tries to warn Grendel about the upcoming events.
“ She tries to prevent me…Her face trembles, torn, I think, between terror and self-pity. It crosses my mind that she knows something, but she doesn’t, I know,” (147).


Capricorn December 22- January 19
Capricorn the Goat
10th astrological sign=10th chapter
7 Characteristics of Capricorn:
Reliability
Dutifulness- The goat is determined to get to the top of the mountain.
Fairness- Grendel doesn’t think it’s fair that his mother disagrees with his decision to go to the Shapers funeral.
Thinking in Advance
Patient and Calm- The Shaper is calm and patient as he awaits his death as well as the goat trying to climb the hill.
Gentle and Friendly
Devoted

Capricorn the Goat
Literally devices
Personification
“The sun walks Mindlessly overhead,
the shadows lengthen and shorten as if by plan,” (138).
Kenning
“Sea-Beast,” (141).
Simile
“…I am alive in, prisoned in, moves like a slowly
tumbling form through darkness, the underground river,” (146).
Foreshadowing
“Beware the fish,” (149).
Beowulf coming across the water and chapter 11
Allusion
“Beware the fish,” (149).
To the Bible, “Jesus feeds the Five Thousands”


Our Opinion
Grendel never turning back
Chapter 10 is significance because it shows the moment that Grendel decides to never look back in the past. John Gardner portrays this by the killing of the Shaper. Since the Shaper is dead, all history died with him. Grendel then makes a comment after he learns of the Shaper’s death that signifies the turning point for him.
“I think of the pastness of the past: how the moment I am alive in, prisoned in, moves like a slowly tumbling form through darkness, the underground river. Not only ancient history-the mythical age of the brother’s feud-but my own history one second ago, has vanished utterly, dropped out of existence,” (146).
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