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Matthew Shan

on 18 October 2012

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Transcript of Otis

James Otis, Jr. Mercy Otis Warren James Otis, Jr. By Matthew Shan &
Rachel Snyder Writs of Assistance Writs of Assistance- enabled British authorities to enter any colonist's home with no advance notice, no probable cause and no reason given
Represented pro bono- colonial merchants who were challenging the legality of the "writs of assistance" before the Superior Court
Published pamphlet 1765, expanded his argument that general writs violated the British constitution going back to the Magna Carta Writings The Adulateur, The Defeat, The Group, The Blockheads, The Motley Assembly, and Observations on the New Constitution.
Directed against Governor Thomas Hutchinson of Massachusetts and British King
Among the most influential writers of the Revolutionary war. Friends Formed a strong circle of friends, regularly corresponded: Abigail Adams, Martha Washington and Hannnah Winthrop
She wrote “Our situation is truly delicate & critical. On the one hand we are in need of a strong federal government founded on principles that will support the prosperity & union of the colonies. On the other we have struggled for liberty & made costly sacrifices at her shrine and there are still many among us who revere her name too much to relinquish (beyond a certain medium) the rights of man for the dignity of government.”
Through their correspondence they influenced the course of events to further America's cause. Born September 24, 1728 in West Barnstable Massachusetts
No formal education
Married James Warren 1754
Had a strong voice-"Every domestic enjoyment depends on the impaired possession of civil and religious liberty."
Became chief correspondent and sounding board for James
Political writer and propagandist of American Revolution Life Born February 5, 1725 in Massachusetts Bay
Brother of Mercy Otis Warren
His catchphrase "Taxation without Representation is Tyranny" became the basic Patriot position
Member of Massachusetts provincial assembly
Loyal British subject Life Helped form Committees of Correspondence
Issued pamphlet in 1788 that opposed ratification of the document and advocated the inclusion of a Bill of Rights
1805 published one of the earliest histories of the American war for independence
A three-volume History of the Rise, Progress, and Termination of the American Revolution.
First history of the Revolution authored by a woman. Impact Works Cited http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mercy_Otis_Warren
http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/awhhtml/awrbc4/ Beliefs British failed to understand rights of the colonists
Felt that women could have more rights if the colonies were granted independence
Need for formal education for women
Intellectual equality between men and women "A man’s house is his castle; and whilst he is quiet, he is as well guarded as a prince in his castle. This writ, if it should be declared legal, would totally annihilate this privilege. Custom-house officers may enter our houses when they please; we are commanded to permit their entry. Their menial servants may enter, may break locks, bars, and everything in their way; and whether they break through malice or revenge, no man, no court may inquire." Otis played a prominent role in advancing the colonists' interests.
1764, headed the Massachusetts Committee of Correspondence.
Spoke and wrote widely
The Rights of the British Colonies Asserted and Proved- made the case against Parliamentary taxation of the colonies.
1765, a leading figure at the Stamp Act Congress in New York City. Impact James Otis protesting the Writs of Assistance History of the Rise, Progress and Termination of the American Revolution

by Mercy Otis Warren
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