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Transcript of Newspaper
"WE WANT OUR BOOZE BACK"
-A concerned citizen
Warren G. Harding
The 19th Amendment passes in 1920 giving women the ability to vote for state and country officials. This comes after a long fought battle for women's rights throughout the 1900's.
A group of angry women protest for gender equality
Former president Woodrow Wilson supported women's suffrage
are taking over
-Another concerned citizen
Although Women of the time were pushing for the right to vote, and expanded rights, many women still worked jobs that were stereotypically feminine. Many women of the age got jobs as secretaries or waitresses. It was even considered forward thinking to get a job with a rich boss, just so you could marry him and become a housewife.
A poster for women's suffrage
Herbert C. Hoover
The Flapper Era
The Jazz Age
Pop Culture Becomes a Thing
THE MEME TIMES
-Yet another concerned citizen
Prohibition was difficult to enforce.
Prohibition was instated by the 18th amendment in 1919, but had a large effect on the entirety of the 20's.
The 18th amendment placed a complete ban on the sale and consumption of alcohol
Very few people supported the 18th amendment. Very few people upheld the 18th amendment
Illegal speakeasies became the norm in every city
There was a very large increase in the illegal production and sales of intoxicating liquors.
In 1993 congress proposed the 21st amendment to the constitution, shortly after it passed and repealed the 18th ammendment.
Before he was elected, he had an affair. To avoid scandal that would have ruined his campaign, his underlings sent his mistress on a cruise around the world so she couldn't expose him
Harding was not overtly corrupt, but those in his cabinet were
Several of his cabinet were involved in scandals
His secretary of the interior, Albert Fall, leased government oil reserves to private companies
Attorney General Harry M. Daugherty was found to have taken profits from alcohol dealers evading prohibition.
Harding was never found to be involved in any corruption, and he died in office before any of the reports were publicized
"I laughed out loud, quite good"
- a person
Coolidge didn't do much for his two terms
Coolidge took office after Harding died. He served a half term.
Coolidge served his first official term after being reelected
Despite not doing much of anything Coolidge was really well liked. He was known for winning the popular and electoral vote.
Herbert ran in 1928 after Coolidge decided not to run for a second term
Hoover had never been elected to public office
Hoover had a well documented public service career
Hoover supported the repeal of the 18th amendment, which made him very popular.
The KKK was a hate group that wanted to force their ways by using violence and fear.
Claimed millions of members by 1924, and the Klan’s political power was greatest in Indiana where the racist organization managed to elect a congressman and a governor.
Denounced immigrants, Catholics, and Jews, pretty much anyone who wasn't white christians.
With the more city central modernized way of life, more and more women became flappers
Flappers had a more sexual lifestyle, they wore shorter skirts, and they bobbed their hair
Flappers had a very party-centric lifestyle
they rejected typical standards of what a women should be
They drank and smoked in public
Flappers were a major staple of The Jazz Age
Jazz originated in New Orleans as a mixture of African and European music.
The Jazz age is also connected with the Roaring Twenties era
Chicago and New York were very large cultural centers for Jazz.
Older generations of people, as well as the media tried to degenerate jazz saying it is threatening old cultural values.
Many jazz age venues hosted speakeasies.
More rural communities saw jazz as a huge threat to society as a whole.
More and more black families were migrating from the rural south to northern cities
Since black people were largely not allowed in white speakeasies they formed their own
The most popular locations for black people were primarily located in Chicago
Although many white people of the time might deny it, The Harlem Renaissance was the major driving factor of The Jazz Age.
A KKK rally where they burned a cross.
Some leading members of the KKK
Probably the most influential writer of the time was F. Scott Fitzgerald
Fitzgerald is most well known for his book, "The Great Gatsby."
It was said to capture the spirit of The Jazz Age perfectly.
It was also said that the book highlighted issues of discontent with society
Some other famous books Fitzgerald wrote were "The Beautiful and the Damned" and "The Curious Case of Benjamin Button"
Langston Hughes was a very influential jazz poet.
He is known as one of the most influential players of The Harlem Renaissance
Most people who study his work think he was gay.
Hughes was a political rights activist
His most popular poem was The Negro Speaks of Rivers
Another influential writer was Ernest Hemingway
He served in WW1 and this was the subject of most of his writing
His work was usually centered around war and the horrors of what man can do
Ford Assembly, and the Economy
During the 20's pop culture became a phenomenon
People started idolizing celebrities officially for the first time in history
Film media took off
Pop culture was shown through things like automobiles, jazz music, and night clubs.
Celebrities like Charlie Chaplin, Babe Ruth and Charles Lindbergh became popular
The 20's is also called the birth of radio, as it became normalized for people to follow their favorite celebs from the comfort of their home
Henry Ford’s automotive industry promised better than average wages to its employees. For some, the pay did not compensate for the grueling work and the unforgiving bosses.
Productivity rose dramatically, because of the Ford assembly line
For the first time in American history cars became available for others not just the rich
While millions of Americans drank bootleg liquor and despised Prohibition, influential leaders such as Henry Ford publicly praised the alcohol ban and argued against its repeal.
"I feel like he's just one of the guys, a real good man"
-A happily unconcerned citizen
"I just want to get drunk man."
-The same concerned citizen from before
The economy was exploding due to higher profitability in stocks
The combo of stocks and the sale of illegal liquor allowed for a few crime bosses to rise to power, one of the most influential of these was Al Capone, a serious gangster.
No one thought it could fail but it did in 1929, when the stock market crashed
The Great Depression wasn't really a 20's event because it branched across the 30's, but it started with the stock market crash
Henry Ford the man responsible for the assembly line
"Don't take any wooden nickles"
Alcohol related slang
"I have to see a man about a dog"
The Ford assembly line in perfect motion
-Henry Ford (probably)
"They can't collect legal taxes from illegal money."
-actually Al Capone
The Charleston was one of the most famous dances to come out of decade
New York City by Thomas Hart Benton
Menin Gate at Midnight
Chop Suey by Edward Hopper
Hayley Georguson, Cole Proctor, Shane Aaron