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Johannesburg, South Africa Slums

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Matthew Krawczyk

on 12 November 2013

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Transcript of Johannesburg, South Africa Slums


by Alyssa Uclaray,
Matthew Krawczyk,
Chanell Rosario and
Rahullah Amiri

Slum History and Creation
The population of South Africa is currently at 48,810,427 according to the most recent population survey.

About 3.2 million of those people live in Johannesburg.
Where are the slums in relation to the city?
The slums are mostly located on the outskirts of the city, as this is where most of the poor people live and where it is much harder for the city to add new sanitation systems to the existing network.
Over 100 years ago (1886), gold was discovered in an untouched savanna in Africa and brought on a gold rush. People from all over came to South Africa. Two deputies sent by the government made a settlement in the area and named it after themselves, Johannesburg. Soon, the area became the largest town in the country and people populated the area very quickly.
Johannesburg runs 635 sq. miles (1,645 km)with a staggering Population of 3.2 million spread across 1,006,930 households,with
42 % of people under the age of 24 and 49% under the age of 34
City-data. "Johannesburg Environment." city-data. city-data, n.d. Web. 7 Nov. 2013. <http://www.city-data.com/world-cities/Johannesburg-Environment.html>.



Political and Social Conditions
People suffer from poor environmental conditions such as air pollution, water pollution, sewage blockages, dust, and litter due to overcrowding and industry.
Violent crime is also an issue. Tourists and townspeople are warned to take extra percautions on the streets because muggings/carjackings etc. are common.
Many people take their businesses elsewhere because of these problems.
Thanks for watching! :)
The slums are mostly located on the outskirts of the city, as this is where most of the poor people live and where it is much harder for the city to add new sanitation systems to the existing network.
Johannesburg Size
Johannesburg Slum :
Location and Relation
Conditions of the People
Johannesburg is unfortunately known for high crime rates. Although, unlike most South African Cities Johannesburg provides primary health care, mental health support, and referrals to hospitals and specialized facilities, including for chronic conditions such as HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis. Many South africans seek shelter in Johannesburg because of harrasment and lack of safety from both government, gangs, and even xenophobia attacks
There are 1,006,930 households in Johannesburg.
Black Africans account for 73 % of the population, followed by Whites at 16 %, Coloureds at 6 % and Asians at 4 %.
86 % of households have a flush or chemical toilet on the premises
86 % of households have access to running water
42% of the population is under the age of 24
6% of the population is over 60 years old
37% of the city residents are unemployed
91% of the unemployed are black
Women comprise 43% of the working population

29 % of adults have a matric qualification
14 % have higher education (University or Technikon)
7 % of residents are completely illiterate
15 % have primary education
34 % use public transport to commute to work or school
32 %walk to work or school
34 % use private transport to travel to work or school
65 %of households are headed by one person
53% belong to mainstream Christian churches
24 % are atheists
14 % are members of African Independent Churches
3 % of Joburgers are Muslim
1 % practice Judaism
1 % follow Hinduism

Financial and business services: 22%
Manufacturing: 20%
Trade: 19%
Community and social services: 18%
Construction: 8%
Transport and communications: 6%
Public administration: 5%
Geographic Conditions
Because of air pollution infiltrates water resources, the water becomes polluted so the reservoirs contain the clean water, but when the reservoir gets full the environment floods and sometimes drains the slums.
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