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Jainism

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by

Ton Nguyen

on 19 September 2014

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Transcript of Jainism

Jainism
India
Home to Jainism
Jainism essentially originated in India
the history of Jainism can be traced
back to 24 tirthankaras (also known as Jinas)
who are Believed to be the founders.
The time is not exactly known, but the earliest date information on Jainism was found is around 800 B.C.E.
Diffusion
Expansion Diffusion:
Jainism spread outward from the hearth as the 24 jinas spread the word

Mahavira was the last Jina and almost all knowledge on Jainism is from his teachings. He taught the beliefs and ideas of Jainism and he converted many people
Current Spatial Distribution
Jainism has, for the most part, stayed in India. India has the largest population of Jains. They are generally clustered in small enclaves in order to preserve their religion. There are currently 4 million followers Worldwide.
Core Beliefs
Cultural Landscape
Fun Fact
according to a Indian census in 2001, Jains have a high literacy rate of 94.1% among Indians. Thus, they are considered to be one of the wealthiest groups in india


Nonviolence
(ashima)
They take nonviolence to the extreme. Not only are they strict vegetarians, some even have a brush to brush the ground in order to avoid harming bugs. This is because they believe that everything has a jiva, which means “essence of a living entity”

Truthfulness
(staya)
They do not lie, or gossip.

Non-stealing
(acaurya)
They do not steal or cheat.

Celibacy
(brahmacarya)
Nuns and monks will abstain from marriage and sexual relations.

Non-possession
(aparigraha)
They do not attach themselves to any worldly object and live simply.
Jain Temple
Temple
Mahavira Statue
Like any other religion, Jainism has affected the surrounding environment by constructing many religious buildings. They have many temples and statues.
A presentation by:
Ton Nguyen and MArina Hernandez
Jainism is....
Autonomous
Ethnic
Nearly all jains are Indian or have indian ancestry
All of the adherents informally share the same core beliefs. There are no ranks.
Jainism is considered an animistic religion because the religion says that every living being has a soul.
Symbols
Jainism Flag
Hand with wheel
Swastika
Full transcript