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The Civil War
Transcript of The Civil War
The Civil War
"In your hands, my dissatisfied countrymen, and not in mine is the momentous issue of civil war. The government will not assail you. You can have no conflict, without yourselves being the aggressors... We are not enemies, but friends. We must not be enemies. Though passion may have strained, it must not break our bonds of affection."
"Once let the black man get upon his person the brass letters of the United States; let him get an eagle on his button, and a musket on his shoulder, and bullets in his pocket, and there is no power on earth which can deny that he has earned right to his citizenship." - Frederick Douglass
"We were no longer merely the soldiers of a political controversy; we were now the missionaries of a great work of redemption, the armed liberators of millions."
"We shout for joy that we live to record this righteous decree!"
"Vicksburg is the key. The war can never be brought to a close until the key is in our pocket."
"Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth on this continent a new nation, conceived in liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal.
Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that nation, or any nation, so conceived and so dedicated, can long endure. We are met on a great battle-field of that war. We have come to dedicate a portion of that field, as a final resting place for those who here gave their lives that that nation might live. It is altogether fitting and proper that we should do this.
But, in a larger sense, we can not dedicate, we can not consecrate, we can not hallow this ground. The brave men, living and dead, who struggled here, have consecrated it, far above our poor power to add or detract. The world will little note, nor long remember what we say here, but it can never forget what they did here. It is for us the living, rather, to be dedicated here to the unfinished work which they who fought here have thus far so nobly advanced. It is rather for us to be here dedicated to the great task remaining before us—that from these honored dead we take increased devotion to that cause for which they gave the last full measure of devotion—that we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain—that this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom—and that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth."
"I wish to express my satisfaction with what you have done... the particulars of your plan I neither know nor seek to know."
"I could cut a swath to the sea and divide the Confederacy in two. It would be a demonstration to the world... that we have a power that Davis cannot resist. I can make the march...
AND MAKE GEORGIA HOWL!"
"There is nothing left for me to do but go and see General Grant, and I would rather die a thousand deaths."
Fort Sumter Falls
Upper South Secedes
Robert E Lee
"I cannot raise my hand against my birthplace, my home, my children."
1st Battle at Bull Run
EFFECTIVE: JAN 1983
MAY - JULY
JUNE - JULY
APPOMATTOX COURT HOUSE
13,000 of the 45,000 at Andersonville lived
Weapons & Tech
Dr. Mary Edwards Walker
"Some one has stated the number of women soldiers known to the service as little less than four hundred. I cannot vouch for the correctness of this estimate, but I am convinced that a larger number of women disguised themselves and enlisted in the service, for one cause or other, than was dreamed of. Entrenched in secrecy, and regarded as men, they were sometimes revealed as women, by accident or casualty. Some startling histories of these military women were current in the gossip of army life."
Elizabeth Van Lew
"As a wounded man was lifted on the table, often shrieking with pain... the surgeon quickly examined the wound and resolved upon cutting off the wounded limb. Some ether was administered... the surgeon snatched the knife from between his teeth, where it had been while his hands were busy, wiped it rapidly once or twice across his blood-stained apron, and the cutting began. The operation accomplished, the surgeon would look around with a deep sigh, and then -- NEXT!"
"The sights and smells that assailed us were simply indescribable. Corpses were swollen to twice their size, some actually burst asunder... odors were so deadly that in a short time we all sickened and most of us were vomiting profusely."
- Stronger federal government
- Ended slavery for millions
- South is socially & economically devastated
When would the southern states be permitted back into the Union?
Under what conditions would that occur?
What would be the status of newly freed African Americans?
"There is Jackson standing
like a stone wall!"
"All we ask is to be let alone."
"Sic semper tyrannis!
The South is avenged!"
with firmness in the right as God gives us to see the right, let us strive on to finish the work we are in, to bind up the nation's wounds, to care for him who shall have borne the battle and for his widow and his orphan, to do all which may achieve and cherish a just and lasting peace among ourselves and with all nations.
Section 1. Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.
Section 2. Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.
in Chesapeake Bay!
on the Monitor
at 50 yr anniversary
look at this rock
before the battle
the cemetery gates
skeletons on the battlefield from Peninsula Campaign
Physicians & Nurses
"I can anticipate no greater calamity for the country than the dissolution of the Union. It would be an accumulation of all the evils we complain of, and I am willing to sacrifice everything but honor for its preservation."
With malice toward none, with charity for all,
"Sometimes I think I am the tiredest man on Earth"