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World History

Chapter 2
by

Katie Millar Smith

on 30 April 2013

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Transcript of World History

6000 BC to 206 BC Early Civilization Began along river valleys---WHY? Cities were built in India's Indus River Valley 1000 years later--- FIRST CIVILIZATION Sumerians Shores of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers 1000 years after that--- Chinese villages grew into cities around the Yellow River Later--- Egyptian civilization developed along the shores of the Nile River WALK LIKE AN EGYPTIAN TIMELINE 3700 BC 6000 BC Farming begins along Yellow River in China Farming begins in Indus River Valley in India 2500 BC Harappan civilization grows strong in India 2000 BC Cities grow up around Yellow River I
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I 1600 BC Shang Dynasty begins in China 1500 BC Indus River Valley civilization ends 1500 BC Writing on Vedas begins 500 BC Work on Vedas ends 206 BC Great Wall of China connected GEOGRAPHY SKILLS Name the large desert in Mongolia Name two rivers in China Name one river in India What county is directly south of China? Investigate Shang Dynsasty Vedas Great Wall of China I R D E T O
R C A H N I N D L E T O
V C S A W F D L E T X
V C P A W F D L E S X
V C P U W I R L E C O
R C P Y S I I R L E T O
R C P H S I N U L E T O
Z C P A Z C I U D E T O
M C N H S I P R L G T O
A C P H S I I U D E T O
M C N H S I P R L G T O
A C P H S I I R D E T O
R C A H N I I R L E C O
R C P Y S I ANCIENT INDIA How Large is India? N-S 2,000 miles It is a penninsula World's highest mountians-Himalayas & Hindu Kush Mountians seperate India from the rest of Asia Subcontinent How Has Geography Done for India? Geography has protected India Passage in the mountains Khyber Pass Blended culture What Rivers Help Indians Grow Crops? Northern India is fertile---but dry Life in India depends on great rivers Indus-first great civilization began in this River Valley Ganges-so important it is called the "Mother Ganges" Why Is The Monsoon Important? Life in India depends on it Summer-wind blows over the warm waters of the Indian Ocean, when this air reaches land, rain falls. 90% of India's yearly rain comes from the summer monsoon TWO seasons-summer(rainy)
winter (dry) facts WHAT WERE THESE CITIES LIKE? THE HISTORY OF........... Modern Planned Street wide and straight Each brick was exactly the same size Each city had a brick fort City divided into different districts Business District Living District WHAT WERE HOMES LIKE? Two stories high Most had a patio, or inner room open to the sky Had stairs up to the roof Alabaster windows Some had indoor bathrooms Clay pipes took dirty h2o away from house WHY WERE THE CITIES WALLED? Protection Towers built into walls to see the enemy Center of the city was a walled area, behind this wall stood a fort to store food and bathe Place to honor their gods WHAT DO THESE CITIES TELL US? HOW DID THESE PEOPLE LIVE? Raised grains and veggies Knew mathematics WHY? Each city is laid out exactly Strong government because everything is so alike Brick same size Most buildings were the same DID THESE PEOPLE HAVE A WRITTEN LANGUAGE? Clay tablets discovered Irrigated Farmer feed the whole city Rest made pottery, cloth, jewelry, and metal tools (how do we know this?) Pictograms No one knows how to read the Harappan language WHAT CAUSED THIS ANCIENT CIVILIZATION TO END? Ended around 1500B.C. Coastline changed so trading became harder Monsoon Disease Earthquake Flood Not enough food Armies from Central Asia HINDUISM What Is the Vedas? Earliest written records about life Means-"books of knowledge" It is about their legends and religious beliefs Many say they are "HOLY WRITINGS" Written over a thousand years Hymns WHAT IS THE HINDU NAME OR GOD? God or Brahman Three different faces of their god-Vishnu, Brahman, and Shiva Believe that everything is God Their God's create, preserves, and destroys life
(shows us the main powers of God) WHAT IS REBIRTH? They believe in reincarnation Hindus believe that all living things have souls After they die their souls find a new home They do not kill animals-especially the cow that they believe are especially holy This cycle of birth, death, and rebirth keeps going until a soul becomes perfect Cycle ends and soul becomes on with their god WHAT IS A CASTE? Hinduism teaches that people are born into castes, or classes Four Castes 1. Brahmin-religious leaders 2. Ruler and Warrior 3. Shopkeeper, Landowner, and Skilled-Worker 4. Farmer, Unskilled Worker, Servant, Slave WHY WERE CASTES IMPORTANT? In caste for life Each has own set of rules Can marry only within the same caste All do the same work/job If you break the rules you would be expelled, called outcasts Hindus wrote their holy writings in Sanskrit WHAT IS SANSKRIT? One of the earliest writings Later spoken Sanskrit was developed Example Mata-Mother Base language for all Indo-European languages ANCIENT CHINA WHAT IS CHINA'S GEOGRAPHY? It is huge and in ancient times its geography
isolated it from other peoples North-Gobi Desert West-Tibetan mountain plateau Southwest-Himalayas WHAT KEEPS THE YANGTZE FROM FLOODING? Longest and most important in China East and South-Seas Deep and runs swiftly World's deepest river Flows through Southern China Main trade route WHY DOES THE YELLOW RIVER FLOOD? Flows 3000 miles across Northern China Shallow Called "China's Sorrow No river flows from south to north so they built one! WHY DID THE CHINESE BUILD A GRAND CANAL? 1100 mile canal that joined the two rivers Used to transport supplies Grain grown in fertile south come to the south More then 5 million worked on building it Beat and beheaded if they refused to work on it One person in every 5 families had to supply and prepare food Two million workers died, became ill or ran away THE GREAT WALL Built to keep the nomads from invading in the NW 1400 miles long from the Yellow Sea westard 40-50 feet high Base was 15-30 feet thick 300,000-1 million built the wall 400,000 died will building the wall THE HISTORY OF ANCIENT CHINA WHAT WAS A SHANG CITY LIKE? Built homes out of wood Over 130 Shang Villages and cities have been discovered Most important city-Anyang
carved out of a forest Palace and temple in the center Noble lived in the center, their homes were large and rectangular WHAT DID SHANG FARMERS GROW? Millet
Rice
Barley
Wheat
Vegetables WHAT WERE SOME SHANG CRAFTS? Jewelry WHAT IS A CHINESE CHARACTER? During the Shang dynasty, the Chinese developed writing WHO WERE THE SCRIBES? The only people who could read and write WHAT IS ANCESTOR WORSHIP? WHY DID THE SHANG DECLINE? RAISED Cattle
Sheep
Pigs
Chickens They lived outside the city Plows were not invented yet, worked with stone tools Made out of wood and ivory Carvings Marble
Jade Artisans made beautiful objects for everyday use. Shang Dynasty is known for its beautiful bronze works. Some were used for religious practices and others for everyday household items. First wrote pictograms Next--- symbols 3000 symbols or characters Each Chinese character includes two parts One gives meaning One tells how to pronounce *Modern China still uses the same characters Wrote on bamboo strips and rolled into bundles Wrote up and down rather than across WHAT IS ANCESTOR WORSHIP? The gods control all things The spirits of nature gave their rulers power Among these spirits were the spirits of dead ancestors If bad things happened they believed that their dead ancestors were not pleased with them. So this is way they worshiped their ancestors RICH POOR
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