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Indonesian Traditional Music

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JKMN Music Group

on 2 February 2014

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Transcript of Indonesian Traditional Music

Indonesian
Traditional
Music

Introduction to Indonesian Traditional Music
As an introduction, the music of Indonesia demonstrates its cultural diversity, the local musical creativity, as well as following foreign musical influences that shaped contemporary music scenes of Indonesia.

Nearly thousands of Indonesian islands have it’s own cultural, artistic history and character. This results in hundreds of different forms of music, which often is accompanied by dance and theater.

The music of Java, Sumatra, Bali, Flores and other islands have been documented and recorded, and research by Indonesians and international scholars. The music in Indonesia predates historical records; various Native Indonesian tribes often incorporate chants and songs accompanied with music instruments in their rituals. Today the contemporary music of Indonesia is popular in the region, including neighboring countries; Malaysia, Singapore and Brunei.

Musical Instruments
As for Indonesian musical instruments, the most popular and famous is probably the gamelan. Other Indonesian musical instruments include angklung, gedang, sasando, kolintang, kecapi suling, tapanuli ogong and many more.
Contents
- Where is Indonesia on the Map?
- Introduction to Indonesian Traditional Music
- History
- Genres
- Musical Instruments
- Gamelan
- Angklung
- Kecapi Suling
- Kroncong
- Influences to the Development of Indonesian Music
- Famous Songs and Composers
- Roles and Functions of Indonesian Music in the Society
- Conclusion
- Thank You
Indonesian on the Map
Conclusion
We can conclude that Indonesia has a very diverse culture and musical history. It dates from long long back and have evolved from traditional to modern. Indonesian musicals has been influenced by many different countries. Indonesian songs are very traditional and interesting to hear. Gamelan and Angklung are just some of the famous Indonesian musical instruments. Even until today, Indonesian Music has been a part of our lives.
G
E
N
R
E
S
Gamelan
Kecapi Suling
Kroncong
Indonesia has a couple of (Indonesian traditional) musical genres. Some include, tembang sunda, jaipongan, kroncong, dangdut and a couple more. Genres from Indonesia come from different cities. For example jaipongan is from Sunda and dangdut is from Hindustani.
Angklung
The History of Indonesian Music
Kecapi suling is a type of instrumental music that is highly improvisational and popular in parts of West Java that employs two instruments, kecapi (zither) and suling (bamboo flute). It is related to tembang sunda.
Kroncong (pronounced "kronchong"; Indonesian: Keroncong, Dutch: Krontjong) is the name of a ukulele-like instrument and an Indonesian musical style that typically makes use of the kroncong (the sound chrong-chrong-chrong comes from this instrument, so the music is called keronchong), the band or combo or ensemble (called a keronchong orchestra) consists of a flute, a violin, a melody guitar, a cello in pizzicato style, string bass in pizzicato style, and a female or male singer.
The Angklung is a traditional musical instruments made by two peace of bamboo tubes attached to a bamboo frame
.

The tubes are curved to have a resonant pitch when struck and are tuned to octaves.

Gamelan is the most popular and famous form of Indonesian music. It is an ensemble of tuned percussion instruments that includes metallophones, drums, gongs and spiked fiddles along with bamboo flutes. Gamelan is original form from Java, Bali, and Lombok.

The central melody is played on a metallophone in the center of stage. The gongs punctuate the music at the back of stage.

It is used for different types of performances. Examples are: kendang (drums), gong ageng....etc.



The history of music of Indonesia demonstrates its cultural diversity, the local musical creativity, as well as subsequent foreign musical influences that shaped contemporary music scenes of Indonesia. Nearly thousands of Indonesian islands having its own cultural and artistic history and character. This results in hundreds of different forms of music, which often accompanies dance and theater. The musics of Java,Sumatra, Bali, Flores and other islands have been documented and recorded, and research by Indonesian and international scholars is ongoing. The music in Indonesia predates historical records, various Native Indonesian tribes often incorporate chants and songs accompanied with musics instruments in their rituals. Today the contemporary music of Indonesia is popular in the region, including neighboring countries; Malaysia, Singapore and Brunei.
Influences
to
the
Development
of
Indonesian
Music
Indonesian music is called Nusantara. Nusantara is all the music that has developed in an archipelago, which reflect or highlight features of Indonesian-ness, both in terms of language and style of the melody. Nusantara music itself consist lots of local traditional music, keroncong music, dangdut music, musical style, harp music, battle music, and pop music.

There is a very diverse period prior to the entry of many religions and genres that influenced the Nusantara music. Developing from being used for a public ritual until using it for entertaining royal guests. Some include, Hindu-Buddhist, Java and Islamic (Arab) influences. And when the western (more modern) part arrived came jazz, blues, R and B and of course, country music.
Roles and Function of Indonesian Music in the Society
Famous Indonesian Songs and Composers
-R.L. Martopangrawit
-I Wayan Sadra
-Sukerta, Pande Made
-Suratno, Nano (Nano S.)
-Siagian, Rizaldi
-Sidarta, Otok Bima
-Subono, Blacius (B.)
-Subowo, Yohanes Y.)
-Sutanto
-Suwardi, Aloysius (A.L.)
-Syukur, Slamet Abdul

-Kangen degung
-Kareseman gamelan
-Ki Lagoni operetta
-Love Smir/Parkir gamelan
-Malem Minggu {rakpilingkung
-Raja Kecit operetta
-Sangkuriang gamelan
-Warna gamelan
-Meja Meja
-Debah
-Ra Ngandel

Resources

The roles and function of Indonesian music in the society is to played on ceremonies of death, marriages, births, and religious events. The instrument has been used as means of community cultural activities.
Playing Indonesian music is a way to express their feelings, thoughts, and ideas.
Some tourists visit Indonesia to hear Indonesian music. Indonesian music gather so many people and give happiness to them.
http:/traditionalmusicalinstruments.wordpress.com/2011/07/14/features-and-function-of-traditional-and-modern-music/

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Music_of_Indonesia

http://www.asian-recipe.com/indonesia/id-information/traditional-indonesian-music.html

http://slekete.blogspot.com/2012/02/music-history-and-development-of_24.html

http://nurdianax.blogspot.com/2012/12/the-history-and-development-of-music.html

http://wiki.answers.com/Q/What_is_the_history_of_Indonesian_Music


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