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STD Prevention for Arizona Youth

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Kenneth Bellus

on 17 December 2012

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Transcript of STD Prevention for Arizona Youth

In the United States Each year there are an estimated 19 million new infections (CDC, 2011a)
HIV, Syphilis, Chlamydia, Gonorrhea, Herpes and Trichomoniasis
The goal is to decrease that number through education STDs Introduction Problem Though STDs are preventable, they remain a significant public health problem.
Young people aged 15 to 24 are at highest risk.
This age group only represents 25% of the sexually active population but account for nearly half of all new sexually transmitted infections (CDC, 2011b) Arizona Over thirty thousand cases were reported in 2011 for Arizona
Twenty thousand of which came from young people (CDC, 2011c)
Lowest percentage of risk reduction topics being taught in pubic schools (HIV, 2012)
Senate Bill 1309 (Goodwin, 2012) Curriculum Risk behaviors
STD etiology
STD detection
STD transmission
STD prevention Open discussion
Interactive games Teaching Method Project Proposal Implement preventative STD courses in public and private schools Aged 15 to 24
Current student Able to read, write and speak English
Have parental consent if a minor Agree to complete the course Each course will be delivered over four weeks

Classes will be once a week for one hour Quantitative Evaluation Qualitative The success of these programs will be evaluated on an annual basis by comparing STD incidence rates before and after program implementation provided by the Maricopa County Health Department. Surveys for both educators and students will be designed in two ways: course satisfaction and follow-up assessments. Welcome to Everyone Sharing the Results The distribution of all findings will be presented to the Maricopa County Health Department for review and analysis. The results will be offered to professional nursing journals for publication. Community nurses representing and advocating for a STD prevention program STD Prevention
Arizona Youth By: Kenny Bellus There is a Hidden Epidemic References Address common attitudes, beliefs and misconception towards condoms
Teach skills and self-efficacy in condom use (Jemmott, Jemmott, Fong, & Morales, 2010) (Cooper, Eliason & True, 2004) Hands on visuals
Role playing different situations CDC. (2011c). Reportable stds in young people 15-24 years of age, by state. Atlanta, GA: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/std/stats/by-age/15-24-all-STDs/default.htm
Cooper, L., Eliason, K., & True, A. (2004). Combining health promotion classroom lessons with health fair activities. Journal of School Nursing, 20 (1), 50-53.
Goodwin, K., Taylor, M., Fuse Brown, E., Winscott, M., Scanlon, M., Hodge, J., Mickey, T., England, B. (2012). Protecting adolescents’ right to seek treatment for sexually transmitted diseases without parental consent: The Arizona experience with senate bill 1309. Public Health Reports, 127(3), 253-258.
HIV, other STD, and pregnancy prevention education in public secondary schools - 45 States, 2008-2010. (2012). MMWR: Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report, 61222-228.
Jemmott, J., Jemmott, L., Fong, G., & Morales, K. (2010). Effectiveness of an HIV/STD risk-reduction intervention for adolescents when implemented by community-based organizations: A cluster-randomized controlled trial. American Journal of Public Health, 100(4), 720-726. doi:10.2105/AJPH.2008.140657
Lederman, R. P., Wenyaw, C., & Roberts-Gray, C. (2008). Parent—Adolescent Relationship Education (PARE): Program Delivery to Reduce Risks for Adolescent Pregnancy and STDs. Behavioral Medicine, 33(4), 137-143.
Trends in HIV- and STD-related risk behaviors among high school students--United States, 1991-2007. (2008). MMWR: Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report, 57(30), 817-822.
Healthy People 2020. (2012). Sexually transmitted diseases. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Retrieve from http://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/topicsobjectives2020/overview.aspx?topicid=37 CDC. (2011b). STDs in adolescents and young adults. Atlanta, GA: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/std/stats10/adol.htm Arizona Department of Health Services. (2012). 2011 Annual report sexually transmitted diseases in Arizona. Phoenix, AZ: Arizona Department of Health Services. Retrieved from http://www.azdhs.gov/phs/oids/std/pdf/2011-std-annual-report.pdf
CDC. (2011a). STD trends in the United States: 2010 national data for gonorrhea, chlamydia, and syphilis. Atlanta, GA: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/std/stats10/trends.htm
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