Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

APA Style (205)

A guide to help you make sense of the APA citation style
by

Ken Green

on 25 January 2016

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of APA Style (205)

Unlocking the Mysteries of APA Style
What does APA cover?
How your paper/report is formatted
How you cite sources
in the text
of your paper/report
How you cite sources
at the end
of your paper/report
What does APA stand for?
What disciplines use APA style?
Where can I find the rules of APA style?

APA Style Manual
Internet Sites
Purdue OWL
APA Style Blog
The References List...
1. Required if you cite any sources in your report.
2. Every source cited in your report must be on the list, AND
3. Every entry in the list must be cited in your report.
4. Entries are listed in alphabetical order by author's last name or title.

Books!
book by one author
book by more than one author
Scholarly articles!
article by one author
web sources!
document from a website
case study
online newspaper article
in-text citations!
General rule: When in doubt, cite!
use an in-text citation when:
you paraphrase information from a source
Use an in-text citation when you cite facts or figures that are not common knowledge
how to cite works in text!
work by one author
Brewster and Railsback (2013) claim...


...(Brewster & Railsback, 2013).
work by two authors
work by three to five authors
work by six or more authors
work with unknown author
work with a corporation or organization as author
work with no date
personal communications
ID Weeks' guides
article without doi (digital object identifier)
online magazine article, no author
direct quotation
One more paraphrase example:
indirect sources
option 1
option 2
http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/
http://blog.apastyle.org/
http://www.apastyle.org/
Style!!
APA , that is...
Approaches adopted from business to treat students as consumers "do not necessarily yield outcomes in terms of student learning" (Arum & Roska, 2011, p. 137).
Document formatting basics
you quote a source word for word
At Chancellorsville, Union General Joseph Hooker fritted away an excellent start and several good chances for victory. As a result, he lost 17,000 Union men in the bargain.
Where: At Chancellorsville,
Who: Union General Joseph Hooker
What: fritted away an excellent start and several good chances for victory.
Result: As a result, he lost 17,000 Union men in the bargain.
2. Rearrange the parts
The four steps to a successful paraphrase:
1. Break the information into different parts

1 At Chancellorsville, 2. Union General Joseph Hooker 3. fritted away an excellent start and several good chances for victory. 4. As a result, he lost 17,000 Union men in the bargain.
4. As a result, he lost 17,000 Union men in the bargain.
1. At Chancellorsville,
2. Union General Joseph Hooker
3. fritted away an excellent start and several good chances for victory
3. Restate the parts using your own words
4. As a result, he lost 17,000 Union men in the bargain.
1. At Chancellorsville,
2. Union General Joseph Hooker
3. fritted away an excellent start and several good chances for victory
Seventeen thousand Union soldiers died or were severely injured
at the battle of Chancellorsville
where Joseph Hooker, a Union General,
allowed defeat to set in when he didn't capitalize on his early advantages.
4. Add a lead-in and a citation.
According to Bruce Canton (1985)
, an American Civil War
historian, 17,000 Union soldiers died or were severely
injured at the battle of Chancellorsville where Joseph Hooker,
a Union General, allowed defeat to set in when he
didn't capitalize on his early advantages
(p. 306)
.
Now let's practice...
Exception: interviews
Available in the I.D. Weeks Library
The basics...
typed, double-spaced
1" margins on all sides
12 pt. Times New Roman font
include a page header (aka the "running head") on every page
insert page numbers flush right
type the tile of your paper flush left in ALL CAPS
this is a shortened version of your paper's title and cannot exceed 50 characters
The four major paper sections:
1. Title page
The title page should contain
the title of the paper,
the author's name,
and the institutional affiliation.
2. Abstract:
It should contain any or all of the following:
your research topic,
research questions,
participants,
methods,
results,
data analysis,
conclusions,
and possible implications
A 150-250 word summary of the research in one double-spaced paragraph
3. Main Body


4. References
Anthropology
Communication
Criminology
Cultural studies
Economics
Education
Environment
History
Human geography
International relations



Law
Linguistics
Media
Politics
Psychology
Social psychology
Social work
Sociology
American Psychological Association
Paraphrasing...not just replacing every third word!
One noted social scientist claims
that schools have failed to fulfill their primary duty of education because they try to fill multiple social functions
(Jacobson, 2005, p. 7)
.
Original: The more you understand the changing job market, the better equipped you will be to enter it wisely.
from Mary Ellen Guffey, Essentials of Business Communication, 2015, p. 426
Include the following source material:
author
year of publication
page number (preceded by "p.")
According to Guffey (2015), "the more you understand the changing job market, the better equipped you will be to enter it wisely" (p. 426).
Always introduce the quote with a signal phrase that includes the author's last name followed by the date of publication in parentheses.
She continues by stating that "the more you understand the changing job market, the better equipped you will be to enter it wisely" (Guffey, 2015, p. 426).
If you choose not to include the author's name in the signal phrase, it would look like this:
In the case that the quotation is 40 words or longer, indent the same way you would a new paragraph, remove the quotation marks, and place the citation after the period:
Guffey's (2015) text states the following:
The more you understand the changing job market, the better equipped you will be to enter it wisely. Competition for employment is keener than ever in recent history. In addition, the Web has changed the way we look for jobs. Workplace experts point out that the Web has made job searching easier but also more challenging. (p. 426)
Bruce Canton, 1985, 306
Signal phrase version


end citation version
According to Jacobson (2008), ...


...(Jacobson, 2oo8).
Signal phrase version


End citation version
Signal phrase version


End citation version
Wright, Sparks, and Smith (2007) demonstrate...

...(Wright, Sparks, & Smith, 2008). first usage
...(Wright et al., 2008). subsequent uses

Signal phrase version


End citation version
Shavelson et al. (2008) state...


...(Shavelson et al., 2008).
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (USDHHS, 2008)
first usage in text

(U.S. Department of Health and Human Services [USDHHS], 2008)
first usage in parentheses
(USDHHS, 2008)
subsequent uses
("The 2011 Oil Shock," 2011)
Jones (n.d.) states ...

...(Jones, n.d.).
Sometimes we use a source that was cited in another source. When you do this, name the original source in the signal phrase and list the secondary source in the parentheses.
Tarantino claims that... (as cited in Spielberg, 2012, p. 101).
You would cite Spielberg on the references page
For interviews, e-mails, and other person-to-person material, cite the communicator's name, the type of communication, and the date
Bill Gates (personal communication, April 2, 2011) also claims his computer was world-changing.
(Gates, personal communication, April 2, 2011)
Note: this is not included on a references page
basic rules
use hanging indentation
authors' names are inverted
use the author's last name and initials (not first names)
alphabetize by authors' last names
maintain punctuation and capitalization used by journals
capitalize all major words in journal titles
when referring to books, chapters, articles, or Web pages, capitalize only the first word of a title and subtitle
do not italicize, put quotes around, or underline titles of shorter works


Author, A. A. (Year of publication). Title of work: Capital letter also for subtitle.
Location: Publisher.

Note: For "location," you should always list the city and the state using the two letter postal abbreviation without periods (New York, NY).

Calfee, R. C., & Valencia, R. R. (1991).
APA guide to preparing manuscripts for journal publication
.
Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Wegener, D. T., & Petty, R. E. .....
What is common knowledge??
Parrot, R. (2011). Point of practice: Keeping the health in health
communication research and practice.
Journal of Applied Research
,

39
(1), 92-102. doi: 10.1080/00909882.2010.536848
digital object identifier: numerical code sometimes assigned to journal articles
Webster, F.E., Jr. (2011). Interpersonal communication and salesman
effectiveness.
Journal of Marketing
,
32
(3): 7-13. Retrieved from
Academic Search Premier.
Webster, F.E., Jr. (2011). Interpersonal communication and salesman
effectiveness.
Journal of Marketing
,
32
(3): 7-13. Retrieved from
http://www.marketingpower.co?AboutAMA/PagesAMA%20/
Publications/AMA%20Journals/Journals%20of%Marketing/
JournalofMarketing.aspx

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (2008). America's health
literacy: Why we need accessible health information. Retrieved January 18, 2014 from http:/health.gov/communication/ literacy/issuebrief
Moss, M. (2011, March 27). Philadelphia school battles students' bad
eating habits, on campus and off.
The New York Times
, Retrieved from
http:/thenewyorktimes.com
The 2011 oil shock. (2011, March 3).
The Economist
. Retrieved from
http:/www.economist.com
centered, plain
hanging indentation
alphabetized entries
Author's last name and initials used.
Date info follows name info
capitalization rules???
Common Knowledge is not common to everyone...see video!
DO NOT
UNDERLINE
Writing Center
http://www.usd.edu/academics/writing-center
Electronic document considerations...
If a document online is posted as a PDF file, include a page number in the citation.
If a page number is not available but the source contains paragraph numbers, give the paragraph number:

EX: (Tong, 2015, para. 4)

If no paragraph or page number is available and the source has headings, cite the appropriate heading and paragraph:

EX: The CDC (2010) warns that babies born to women who smoke during pregnancy are 30% more likely to be born prematurely (The Reality section, para. 3).
Full transcript