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Molecular Biologist

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on 28 May 2011

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Transcript of Molecular Biologist

they are always on the lookout
for new things! Molecular biologists study the molecular basis of the phenomena of living things. They ask how genetic information can be encoded in molecules called DNA, and how this information can be used to direct the synthesis of all of the other kinds of molecules that make up living things. Molecular biologists often ask how the genetic information in DNA can be changed and how changes can cause disease. They investigate the growth and characteristics of microscopic organisms such as bacteria, algae, or fungi. Most microbiologists specialize in environmental, food, agricultural, or industrial microbiology; virology (the study of viruses); immunology (the study of mechanisms that fight infections); or bioinformatics. Many microbiologists use biotechnology to advance knowledge of cell reproduction and human disease. What are their
duties? ...so always be on the lookout for new things in molecular biology ...because you never know what you will find! Molecular Biologist Interdisciplinary
Cooperation Research Teaching Reporting Molecular biologists must work with a range of other scientific professionals. Their work in disease and health issues may bring them into contact with physicians, pathologists or civil engineers, while their other research could involve geologists, environmentalists or chemists. As universities conduct much of the research in molecular biology, scientists under the employ of these institutions also teach classes to students. Depending on the qualifications of the biologist and the needs of the school, these classes can range from specific, graduate level courses in molecular biology, to very general undergraduate biology or chemistry classes. Duties involved in teaching include lecturing, planning, creating tests and quizzes, grading and working with students outside of class To further the field of molecular biology, scientists conducting research on the subject report their findings to professional journals and other publications for peer review and evaluation. Reporting on research requires molecular biologists to perform carefully, notate well, and explain thoroughly to transmit the entire information of an experiment or research path to the public. Job
Description Why molecular
biology is awesome! You get to find out new things about living organisms and the organic processes that will save lives and change the world and molecular biologist... Molecular biologists conduct research in several areas of biology, investigating genetics, disease, synthesizing molecules and other fields, commonly under the umbrella of DNA and RNA and their protein interactions. Molecular biologists may also conduct or assist in research in other related fields such as biochemistry, genetics or other biological sciences. As universities conduct much of the research in molecular biology, scientists under the employ of these institutions also teach classes to students. Depending on the qualifications of the biologist and the needs of the school, these classes can range from specific, graduate level courses in molecular biology, to very general undergraduate biology or chemistry classes. Duties involved in teaching include lecturing, planning, creating tests and quizzes, grading and working with students outside of class To further the field of molecular biology, scientists conducting research on the subject report their findings to professional journals and other publications for peer review and evaluation. Reporting on research requires molecular biologists to perform carefully, notate well, and explain thoroughly to transmit the entire information of an experiment or research path to the public. Becuase they never know what they will find! Demand for Molecular
Biologists While there will always be a need for bright, energetic, and educated individuals with a strong understanding of biology, opportunities vary depending on the status of local and national economies. Employment of biological scientists is expected to increase much faster than the average for all occupations although there will continue to be competition for some basic research positions. Occupations For Molecular
Biologists are expected to Grow 12% Over the next 10 years Employment Opportunities Salary and Benefits Annual Salary
◦Data collected by PayScale, show that the salary for a molecular biologist ranges between $39,563 and $69,011 per year as of August 2010. This range increases to a high of $70,055 with the addition of bonuses and profit sharing options.

Salary by Experience
◦A molecular biologist with less than one year of experience earned a median yearly salary of $21,000 to $49,355. With five to nine years of experience, the range increases between $44,699 and $68,748; with over 20 years of experience, the salary range is $61,020 to $97,854 per year. These figures reflect August 2010 PayScale surveys.

Employer Considerations
◦The PayScale data show that one of the lower-paying positions as a molecular biologist is working for a college or university; the median salary range is $29,758 to $52,440 per year as of August 2010. When working for a hospital, the median salary is $45,781 to $99,157 per year.

State Considerations
◦A molecular biologist's location directly impacts his salary. According to PayScale, in Colorado, the median salary is $40,000 to $56,500, whereas in New York, the median range is $49,435 to $89,000 per year as of August 2010. Princeton Univerversity offers these Employee Benefits for Molecular Biologists Postdoctoral Research Fellows:
Health Care
Vision Care
Dental Care
Basic Life Insurance
Supplemental Life Insurance
A wage supplement equal to 10% of the fellowship stipend, to be (voluntarily) contributed to Group Supplemental Retirement Annuity
Health Benefit Expense Account
Dependent Care Expense Account
Employee Child Care Assistance Program
Parking and Transit Reimbursement Accounts
Educational Assistance
Tuition Assistance
Faculty and Staff Assistance and Work/Life Programs
Long Term Care Steps for Becomeing a
Molecular Biologist 1 2 3 4 All molecular biologists must possess at least a bachelor's degree in a related science field. Some schools offer a molecular biology major, but other schools offer it as an emphasis within other majors such as biology, biochemistry, microbiology or genetics. Required courses at the college level usually include general chemistry, organic chemistry, biochemistry, physics, genetics, ecology, evolutionary biology, cell biology, linear algebra, multivariable calculus and molecular biology. Laboratory work is often an essential component of natural science classes, and courses in engineering and computer science are often recommended. Earn a Bachelor's Degree Consider
a
Graduate
Degree There are positions available to scientists with only a bachelor's or master's degree, such as in product development or as a technician. However, most jobs for molecular biologists in research and university-level teaching require a doctoral degree. Graduate studies in molecular biology differ from undergraduate studies in that there is more time spent conducting laboratory research than classroom coursework. Participate in
Science Activities While in school, molecular biology students may want to participate in science-related activities. They may want to consider joining school science fairs or clubs. During the summer, getting a job working in a research laboratory as an assistant may also be helpful. Joining a professional organization as a student member may also be beneficial. The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (ASBMB) offers meetings for its student members specifically highlighting career-related issues (www.asbmb.org). Consider Postdoctoral
Work Prospective molecular biologists may want to consider postdoctoral work when considering a research career. Postdoctoral research often provides the opportunity to become published, which is important for any scientist wishing to secure a research position at a college or university. Working Conditions Biological scientists usually are not exposed to unsafe or unhealthy conditions. Those who work with dangerous organisms or toxic substances in the laboratory must follow strict safety procedures to avoid contamination. Many biological scientists do field studies that involve strenuous physical activity and primitive living conditions. Biological scientists in the field may work in warm or cold climates, in all kinds of weather. Many biological scientists depend on grant money to support their research. They may be under pressure to meet deadlines and to conform to rigid grant-writing specifications when preparing proposals to seek new or extended funding. Biological scientists typically work regular hours. While the 40-hour workweek is common, longer hours are not uncommon. Researchers may be required to work odd hours in laboratories or other locations (especially while in the field), depending on the nature of their research. Agricultural and food scientists Conservation scientists and foresters Engineering and natural sciences managers Epidemiologists Medical scientists Teacher
(postsecondary) Similar Careers Molecular Biology Trivia! Do bacteria cells have a nucleus? In bacteria the genetic material is dispersed in the cytosol and there is no internal membrane that delimits a nucleus. What are the two big groups into which cells are classified? Cells can be classified as eukaryotic or prokaryotic.
Prokaryotic cell is that without a delimited nucleus. Eukaryotic cells are those with nucleus delimited by membrane. What is the molecule responsible for the absorption of photic energy for photosynthesis? Where is that molecule located in photosynthetic cells? The chlorophyll molecules are responsible for the absorption of light energy for photosynthesis. These molecules are found in the internal membranes of chloroplasts. What is the function of the plant cell wall? The plant cell wall has structural and protective functions. It plays an important role in the constraint of the cell size, preventing the cell to break when it absorbs a lot of water. On which organelle of the cell structure does intracellular digestion depend? What is the chemical content of those organelles? Intracellular digestion occurs by the action of lysosomes. Lysosomes have digestive enzymes (hydrolases) that are made in the rough endoplasmic reticulum and stored in the Golgi apparatus. Lysosomes are hydrolase-containing vesicles that detach from the Golgi apparatus. What is a gene? A gene is a sequence of DNA nucleotides that codifies the production of a protein. What is a phenotype? A phenotype is every observable characteristic of a living being conditioned by its genes. Some phenotypes may be altered by nongenetic factors (for example, artificial hair coloring). Specific phenotypes are also called phenotypical traits. What is the difference between homozygosity and heterozygosity? Homozygosity occurs when an individual has two identical alleles of a gene, for example, AA or aa. Heterozygosity occurs when an individual has two different alleles of the same gene, in the example, Aa. Okazaki fragments are associated with which essential process? DNA replication What is the complementary strand of the following RNA strand: 5' GCACGUUUACCGA 3' ? 3' CGUGCAAAUGGCU 5' Which molecule serves to destabilize the DNA helix in order to open it up, creating a replication fork? DNA helicase The primer required for DNA synthesis is made by the what enzyme? Primase In double stranded DNA how do the four bases (C,A,T,G) pair up with each other A always pairs with T and C always pairs with G. During DNA replication what is the first process to occur? Unwinding of parental DNA Which three people were awarded the Nobel Prize for the discovery of the structure of DNA: the double helix? James Watson, Francis Crick and Maurice Wilkins Energy is released from ATP when... ...a phosphate group is removed. Photosynthesis uses sunlight to convert water and carbon dioxide into what? oxygen and high-energy sugars. In the overall equation for photosynthesis, six molecules of carbon dioxide result in six molecules of oxygen. Plants gather the sun’s energy with light-absorbing molecules called what? pigments The stroma is the space that surrounds what? thylakoids Where do the light-dependent reactions take place? in the thylakoid membranes Which step is the beginning of photosynthesis? Pigments in photosystem II absorb light. The Calvin cycle takes place in the photosystems Was this ALOT of questions? YES! Did you learn somthing about molecular biology? I know I did! http://www.asbmb.org/ Want to know more? Go to these links! http://www.schoolsintheusa.com/careerprofiles_details.cfm?carid=425 http://www.cellbio.com/ http://www.careerbuilder.com/jobs/keyword/molecular%20biology/
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