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The Struggle for Power

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Joseph Wood

on 9 October 2014

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Transcript of The Struggle for Power

The Struggle for Power: The Rise of Dictators
Russia turns to Communism
"The theory of the Communists may be summed up in the single sentence: Abolition of private property.

Everyone is of the
same class

Abolish Religion."

- Karl Marx
"Each according to his need"
Czars rule Russia
"From each according to his ability, to each according
The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
2. The State owns of the means of production.
In the
Soviet Union
Nicholas Romanov II begins his reign in 1894
After 3 years of war, Russians are hungry and tired of war.
enters World War I
Nicholas II has pledged Russia's support to the Serbian people.
The Romanov family ruled Russia for 300 years
February, 1917
Workers begin to strike.
The Bolshevik Red Army
The Provisional Government
The Bolsheviks (Political Party) Revolted against the Provisional Government.
The Revolution Continues
The Bolsheviks defeat the Provisional Government and seize power.
The Bolsheviks form a Government based on Communism.
Vladimir Lenin becomes the leader of the Soviet Union.
Lenin uses the Theory of Karl Marx
Karl Marx' idea was now a reality
1. The Government represents the working class.
The economy was centrally planned - decisions were made by the Government.
The Government was controlled by one party: The Communist Party.
It was a
"A Dictatorship of the Proletariat"
(working class)
Review Time
The Revolution Part 1
Knowing he has been defeated, Czar Nicholas II gives up his power.
A protest of long food lines and poor pay became a Revolution.
The Czar
The People
A Provisional Government is put into place.
Key ideas of
Germany turns to Fascism
1918: German Revolution
Ending the War is unpopular with many Germans, including many military officers.
The German Kaiser (King) Wilhelm II signs an armistice, ending combat in the war.
The Wiemar Republic tries to lead during tough times.
In 1919, one loaf of bread cost 1 mark (dollar)...
As economic conditions become harder,
people responded to the Nazi message.
Nazi's lead a coup attempt. The coup fails and many leaders, including Adolf Hitler, are put in jail.
The Nazi Party becomes the largest party in the German Reichstag.
Hitler writes Mein Kampf (My Struggle) while in jail. The book lays out the Nazi vision for Germany's future
Hitler and the Nazi Party also change their strategy for gaining power...
... they will gain power by winning elections.
contempt for electoral democracy
a belief in natural social hierarchy and the rule of elites
extreme militaristic nationalism
individual interests are trumped by the good of the nation.
Germany becomes a democracy called the Wiemar Republic.
Kaiser Wilhilm II abdicates (gives up) his power.
The Rise of
... by 1923, one loaf of bread cost 100 billion marks (dollars).
The Nazi Party rises to Power
The Nazi Party got rid of Democracy and turned Germany into a
Fascist Government.

Fascists believed that Germany should return to "top of the world" and annihilate of all enemies of the Aryan Race.
Warm Up:
Name 3 main ideas that a communist would believe.
Warm Up:
What can people do if they are not happy with the people in charge?
The Revolution is far from over...
The Provisional Government continues the policies of the Czar.
Full transcript