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Copy of Critical Thinking

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Layla Oussemou

on 14 November 2014

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Transcript of Copy of Critical Thinking

Critical Thinking
Critical thinking skills
IV. Critical Thinking in Everyday Life: 9 Strategies
Plan
V. The ability to think critically .. A key skill for academic success
VI. Final Thoughts
How are your critical thinking Skills ?
Comprehension
Synthesis
Application
Knowledge
Hassan The Second High School
First year Baccalaureate Mathematique Science
Realized By: Layla Oussemou
Evaluation
Analysis
Critical Thinking Perspectives
Introduction
How, than, can we develop as critical thinkers ?
ii. Advantages of Critical thinking .
iii. Mindset of a critical thinker.
iiii. Characteristics of a critical thinker .
iiiii. Vocabulary of a critical thinker.
i. Definition of critical thinking .
I. A critical thinker's Indispensable traits.
II. Thinking Process for problem Solving
Steps for effective critical thinking
Knowledge
Comprehension
Application
Analysis
Evaluation
Critical thinking perspectives
Facts VS. Opinion Analysis
Definitive VS. Indefinitive Analysis
Synthesis
III. Critical Thinker's Questioning Tactics
Diagrame
IV. Critical thinking in every day life : 9 strategies
V. The ability to think criticaly ... A Key Skill for academic success
VI. Final thoughts
Are you a Critical Thinker ?
Are you a poor thinker, a sloppy thinker, or a rationalizing thinker ?
Fortunately, poor and sloppy thinking can be corrected more easily than the last.
Many very intelligent people seek only to use their thinking to prove what they already believe to be true.
Introduction
How can we help ourselves and our students to practice better thinking in everyday life ?
Definition of critical thinking :
What's critical thinking ?
Not taking what you hear or read at face value.
Using your critical faculties to weigh up the evidence.
Considering the implications and conclusions of what the writer is saying
Advantages of Critical thinking
Helps with problem solving & creativity
Expands perspective & Possibilities
Identifies Hidden Facts & Assumptions
Builds confidence, Knowledge & understanding
Mindset of a critical thinker
Ability to
Distinguish between pieces of information
Identify patterns & connection
Analyze information
Characteristics of a critical thinker
Open Minded
Has Flexibility of thought
Has a sense of curiosity
Outstanding Critical thinker
Example
Reliability
Evidence
Prejudice
Meaning
Reasons
Explanation
Relevance
Assumption
Consequences
View Point
Credibility
Critical thinking Process for problem Solving
=> The critical thinking process for problem solving will help you to gain a wider perspective unto the events and circumstances of your life
==> These insights will stimulate new ideas and understanding
==> that will help you to reach solutions and answers that would not have been possible through standard patterns of thinking
Steps for Effective critical thinking
=> The critical thinking process starts out with knowledge. All thinking starts with knowledge, whether a little bit or a good understanding of your thinking topic. For example, if you were thinking about how to fix a machine, you would want a good understanding of how it works and what the problem is.
=> The next step in the process is comprehension. It is the understanding of what you think about. If you can't comprehend what you're thinking about, you can't think about it effectively.


Another important step is application. If you can't apply your thoughts and knowledge to anything, what good is thinking about it? Find something useful to think about.
+ What if ... ?
+ What would I best utilize ... ?
+ What examples, techniques, objects and tools can I find that could further assist me here ?
The next step that you need to do is analyze what you're thinking about. Divide information up into categories and subcategories. Select things that are the more important aspects, and solve them first.

How is this related to…?
What is the relationship between…?
What distinctions can I make between…?
What are the possible causes that triggered this problem in the first place?
What new possibilities of understanding does this bring to mind?
The second to last step of the critical thinking process is synthesis. Synthesis is organizing, constructing, composing, and creating your finished result.
What could be done to minimize this problem most effectively?
Suppose I could… What would I do?
The last step is evaluation. See if you like your finished product. If not, go back through the process with different objectives and goals, keeping in mind what you didn't like. If it comes out to your liking, use it!
How could I prove or disprove the advantages of choosing this method to overcome my problem ?
How can I justify that this is the ideal and correct solution ?
By the end of this presentation, the student will:

Better understand what critical thinking is ?

Know why critical thinking is important ?

Accept the challenge to think critically in
every class
What solution would I choose if…?
An Outstanding Critical Thinker perceives the world from a vastly different perspective than the average person
Facts vs. Opinion Analysis
Fact Based Words – “Has… Was… Is…”
An Outstanding Critical Thinker understands and immediately picks up on the differences between facts and opinions. They realize that opinions are based on feelings, suggestions and future predictions.
Opinion Based Words – “Could… Should… Might… Possibly… Potentially…”
Definitive vs. Indefinitive Analysis
An Outstanding Critical Thinker takes time to analyze each and every circumstance from a definitive and indefinite perspective. They understand that they must be very careful not to jump to any rushed conclusions or make unnecessary assumptions about the events and circumstances they are experiencing.
Here are some questions that will help you to break through the assumptions that may be hindering your understanding about your problems:
What can I directly observe?
What could potentially be misinterpreted here?
What is another explanation for this?
III.Critical Thinker’s Questioning Tactics
Seek Clarification
Whenever first confronted by a problem it is paramount that you immediately seek to clarify what exactly is going on from a variety of different angles and perspectives. Your goal is to immediately question yourself and others about the problem, identifying the potential causes, reasons, meanings and possible solutions that need to be pieced together.
Break Down Assumptions
Once you have thoroughly clarified the problem, your next step is to break down all the possible assumptions that may be coloring your perception of reality. This is achieved through questioning possible misunderstandings or misleading conclusions that have been made
Probe Different Points of View
Once you have identified and broken down the possible assumptions that you or others might be making, you are now ready to probe for different points of view or perspectives that will help you to understand the problem from a variety of unique angles.
Probe for Evidence
Having obtained a variety of perspectives and points of view, your next step is to begin questioning the validity of these perspectives. A few Words of Warning: If you do not validate these perspectives accurately, they may essentially lead you down the wrong path, and you will therefore fail to find an effective solution to your problem.
Probe for Potential Consequences
The final step of this critical questioning process is to question the possible solutions, effects and implications of the outcomes and perspectives you have reached
First Strategy: Use “Wasted” Time. 
Second Strategy: A Problem A Day.
Third Strategy: Internalize Intellectual Standards
Fourth Strategy: Keep An Intellectual Journal. 
Strategy Five: Reshape Your Character. 
Strategy Six: Deal with Your Egocentrism. 
Strategy Seven: Redefine the Way You See Things.
Strategy Eight: Get in touch with your emotions
Strategy Nine: Analyze group influences on your life
Critical and analytical thinking should be applied at all points in academic study - to selecting information, reading, writing, speaking and listening.
Of these, learning to read and evaluate information critically is perhaps the most important skill, which if acquired can then be applied to other areas.
Selecting information critically
Reading critically
A critique of the above passage
Writing Critically
Listening and speaking critically
Critical thinking is more than just a way of processing, organizing and validating chunks of information
It is in fact a lifestyle that we must cultivate and adopt into our habitual patterns of thought and behavior in order to breakthrough the obstacles confronting our everyday reality.
Keep in mind that critical thinking is not critical feeling
As conclusion :
In “everyday” language:
Thinking “outside” the box
Thinking about thinking
“Unlimited” thinking
Divergent thinking
Critical thinking is :
Self-disciplined
Self-monitored
Self-corrective thinking.
It concerns itself with 8 elements of thought :
Point of view \ Purpose \ Questions at issue \ Implications and consequences \ Information \ Interpretation and Inference \ Concepts \ Assumptions.
What does critical thinking involve?
Making logical inferences
(based upon the information presented)
Drawing logical conclusions
(based upon the information presented)
Higher levels of thinking, such as . . .
Conceptualizing
developing a “mind picture”
Applying
putting conceptual info to use
Analyzing
closely examining, tearing apart or breaking down to
really look at
Synthesizing
pulling things together in a well- organized
logical way
Evaluating
making decisions about; reviewing; assessing,,,,
Why is Critical Thinking Important?
Critical thinking helps us develop:

Intellectual Humility
Intellectual Autonomy
Intellectual Courage
Confidence in Reason
Intellectual Empathy
. . . traits important to the development of a multi-cultural world view and the diminishing of irrational thought!
Goal: to become cultivated critical thinkers
By :
Raise vital questions
Formulate questions
and problems clearly, precisely
- gathering information, then
- assessing it and determining what it means and what it is worth

- drawing conclusions from the information
presented
- finding possible, plausible solutions and
testing them with relevant criteria
Keep an open mind
networking with others and maintaining
open lines of communication with them
and others.
To become a cultivated critical thinker :
Dare to think outside the Box
Develop a sense of observation and curiosity
Become interested in finding new solutions
Share ideas
Ask pertinent questions
Assess statements and arguments
Seek understanding and information
Also . . .
Examine beliefs, assumptions, and opinions; weigh them against truth
Listen to others, think about what they say, give feedback
Become an open-minded listener and reader
Who are the critical thinkers?
Parents
Nurses
Athletic coaches
Doctors
STUDENTS....
Who SHOULD think critically?
E
V
E
R
Y
B
O
D
Y
EVERYBODY !
Thanks for your attention
Full transcript