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Module 6 Project

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kelsey fox

on 15 May 2013

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Transcript of Module 6 Project

Module 6 Project by Kelsey Fox My Proposed Solutions My Three Possible Solutions Why would some people oppose the solutions you have chosen? What positive or negative externalities does this issue present? What challenges are there to implementing each solution? Are there budget or labor concerns? Does the public need to be aware of and support the solution? Are there any necessary conditions for a solution to this problem to work? Why is eating non-local food bad? What Members of my
Community Think Defining the Problem Eating foods from other parts of the world has major costs, both environmentally and financially. The transportation of food results in more fuel emissions going into the environment, and more pollution. Transporting food also costs money. I live in Girdwood. My community is a small town in the middle of a national forest. Many members of this community are concerned about the environment, both locally and globally. Because my community has only one very small grocery store, and we often have to drive 40 miles to buy food, the majority of people living here are very aware of the cost of transporting food.

Some people in my community have subscriptions to buy local and season food directly from farmers in Alaska.
People say they enjoy knowing where their food comes from and minimizing the impact of the transportation of their food on the environment. How does this issue affect households and local residents? In order for any solution to work, there must be local sources of food. People must consider the consequences of not eating locally, and be willing to change the way they buy food. This could mean changing what they eat, what time of year they purchase certain products, etc. Financially, eating locally can be more expensive than not eating locally. If people choose to eat locally, more labor may be required for local food production. Yes, the public needs to be aware of and support the solution for it to have any effects. People in our country are used to having many different foods available to them at all times of the year. One challenge would be convincing people to do without certain foods. Getting people to change their buying habits could potentially be difficult. My three possible solutions are building a community garden, having a regular farmers market, and having an informational program at the local school about eating locally Building a garden could potentially be difficult because land would be needed. Some people may oppose this solution because they do not want a certain area in the community to be used for gardening. People may not want to spend the time and effort renting a plot at the garden and raising their own food. Community members may oppose the idea of a farmers market because food found at farmers markets is generally more expensive than the food found at a grocery store. People might oppose an educational program at school because it’s possible that parents would not agree with all of the information being given to students. Some people do not believe eating locally is especially important. At the government level, one negative externality of people not eating locally is having to spend time and money dealing with pollution (setting regulations to prevent too much future pollution, the FDA has to hire and pay people to monitor and regulate food that’s being imported from other countries). On the other hand, the importing of foreign goods does provide jobs, which is a positive externality at the government level. Environmental issue - Effects of my chosen issue on economic products and various sectors of the economy Eating locally presents households and local residents with fresher food. Food that has taken the time to travel all the way from the lower 48, or other parts of the world, is not as fresh as food that was raised and bought within Alaska.

It has been found that in general, eating local foods is healthier than eating non local foods. Local foods are often less processed and are better nutritionally. People who strive to eat locally often increase the amount of fruits and vegetables that they consume.

The pollution from transporting food also affects households/local residents. How does this issue affect area businesses? The fact that many people do not eat locally does not help the business of local farmers.

If people in Girdwood could get food locally, they would make fewer trips into Anchorage to buy food. This would mean that people would probably spend more money within Girdwood. How does this issue affect our government at the local, state, and national levels? The Alaska Department of Natural Resources has a Division of Agriculture. The mission of this division is to “promote and encourage development of an agriculture industry in the State”. The website for the Division of Agriculture has information on local farmer’s markets and different programs relating to eating locally.
Eating non-locally contributes to pollution. Governments of varying levels have to deal with pollution and determine solutions to minimize the impact of pollution on the earth. How does this issue affect the rest of the world? Not eating locally is an issue in many other places, and has global affects. If everyone in the world ate locally, we would all have to give up certain food items, but it would save an incredible amount of money and prevent worldwide pollution problems. How does the issue affect resources, goods and services, and finances? If people eat locally, it provides jobs for local farmers. More people eating locally would increase use of local farmland and increase the need for more fertilizers and farm equipment.

Eating locally saves many costs of transportation.

If there was an increased demand for local food, it could influence more people to start small farms. Farmers would probably take out loans to purchase farm equipment and other resources. Evaluating Possible Solutions How else might you judge possible solutions against each other? To judge potential solutions against each other, I would have to consider how each solution would impact the environment. I would also have to look at how each solution would affect people’s health. Finally, I would have to consider how much people are willing to give up. What My Parents Say About the Issue My parents are in favor of the idea of eating locally. The primary way that my parents support eating locally is by buying local produce and growing some of their own produce in the summer. My family visits farmers’ markets and sometimes buys Alaska Grown meat. In the summer, we catch our own fish to eat. Do possible externalities factor into the chosen solution? I think that eating locally would cause many positive externalities, including: less pollution, healthier eating habits, fewer fossil fuels consumed, and people knowing more about the production of their food. Some negative externalities include the possible loss of jobs of people working in transportation, and less food choices for people. Eating non-local food An example of a food garden My Circular Flow Diagram for My Issue Parents are often sensitive toward the information their children are given in school. What incentives are there to act on each possible solution? The Alaskan government encourages eating locally because it encourages the growth of agricultural businesses in our state. Nationally, the government would be likely to promote eating locally because eating locally means less use of the roads, which the government has to maintain.

Individuals would be likely to eat locally with all of my solutions, because eating locally would cut down transportation costs. Many people like being more independent with their food, and eating a bit healthier.
There are not many positive incentives for the local business. The local Safeway would not be likely to be involved in with my local garden solution or my farmers market solution. However, with the education solution, the local business could participate and promote the store by labeling which foods are grown locally or grown within the United States. Showing off the fact that the store has local produce or products from the US could attract some customers. What are the externalities, both positive and negative that could result from each possible solution? All of my solutions could have positive externalities. The local garden and farmers market could lead to saving people time driving to Anchorage to purchase groceries. All three solutions could reduce pollution put into the air from transporting food. These solutions would lead to people knowing more about the food they’re eating and where it comes from and reduce how much fossil fuels we are using.
There are some possible negative externalities also. If people begin to eat a considerate amount more of local farmed food, it might decrease the sales at grocery stores. Analysis How does each possible solution for your chosen issue meet or fail to meet or fail to meet each of your criteria? Farmers Market Solution This solution would help the environment and my local economy. It would encourage people to be healthier. It would save people in Girdwood money and time, because people would make fewer trips to Anchorage to buy food. Educating Children about eating locally Depending on how many children pay attention and understand the importance of eating locally, this solution could help the environment. If people in my town wanted to eat local food they would still have to drive into Anchorage to buy food, however they would still be eating food raised within the state. This solution would encourage people to be healthier. Local Garden Solution This solution could potentially be difficult to arrange (land would have to be bought, etc.), however it would promote healthy eating and would save the time and money of people who have plots in the garden (because they would have fewer reasons to drive to Anchorage for shopping). The size of the garden would most likely influence the impact of this solution (i.e., if there were 30 plots in the garden that could potentially make more of an impact that having a 15 plot garden). What's the Best Solution? Having a local farmers market is the best solution. A farmers market in Girdwood could drastically change the amount of money and gas that Girdwood citizens use to get groceries. If local food was readily available in Girdwood, that would decrease pollution (which would be a very positive externality). Decreasing pollution means that the government can spend less time and resources taking action to deal with pollution and the problems pollution causes. People in my community would have access to healthier and less processed food. The only negative externality of this solution would be a possible slight decrease in profits of grocery stores.

Having education in schools about eating locally or having a food garden in Girdwood would have similar positive effects, however the farmers market makes local food readily available to the largest amount of people. A garden would have food that is only available to people who buy a plot. Educating people about eating locally would be great, however people in my community would still have to drive to Anchorage in order to get "local" food. Overall, the farmers market is the best solution. Information Sources Picture Sources Gillis, Justin. "Carbon Dioxide Level Passes Long-feared Milestone." Adn.com. Anchorage Daily News, n.d. Web. 12 May 2013.2
"Ensuring the Safety of Imported Products.” fda.gov. US Food and Drug Administration, n.d. Web. 12 May 2013.
"Take the Eat Local Challenge." Eatlocalalaskagrown.com. Alaska Grown, n.d. Web. 05 May 2013.
Parker-Pope, Tara. "Boosting Health With Local Food." Nytimes.com. The New York Times, 6 June 2008. Web. 05 May 2013.
"Division of Agriculture." dnr.alaska.gov. Alaska Department of Natural Resources, n.d. Web. 05 May 2013.
Webb, Kathryn. "Connecting Farmers with Local Customers through Community Supported Agriculture (CSA)." Unc.edu. University of Norther Carolina, 10 Apr. 2012. Web. 24 Apr. 2013.
Parker-Pope, Tara. "Boosting Health With Local Food." Nytimes.com. The New York Times, 6 June 2008. Web. 24 Apr. 2013. Picture of food garden - Creasy, Rosalind. Romaine Lettuces. 2010. Private Collection. Web. 14 May 2013. Picture of farmers market - Mabel, Joe. Ballard Farmers' Market - Vegetables. 2007. Private Collection. Web. 14 May 2013. Picture of food - Weller, Keith. Foods. Private Collection. Web. 14 May 2013. Picture of students - Rötzsch, Jens. BMS classrooms. 2009. Private Collection. Web. 14 May 2013.
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