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Winter Weatehr Safety

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steve pyle

on 18 December 2014

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Transcript of Winter Weatehr Safety

Winter Weather Safety
Stay Warm
Avoid Slips and Falls
Use care when shoveling snow
Plowing safely
Safety when applying salt/anti-skid
Stay Warm
Cold + Wind = Frostbite
Clothing should protect you from cold, wind, and precipitation and should also provide ventilation—be "breathable".
Protect head, feet, hands, and face. Keep dry.
Cover your head. Up to 40 percent of body heat can be lost when the head is exposed.
Footgear should be insulated to protect against cold and dampness.
Dress in layers, wearing warm, waterproof/resistant clothing.
What Happens to the Body:
Freezing in deep layers of skin and tissue. Pale waxy-white skin colors. Skin becomes hard and numb; usually affects the fingers, hands, toes, feet, ears and nose.
What Should be Done?
Move the person to a warm dry area. Don’t leave the person alone
Remove any wet or tight clothing that may cut off the blood flow to the affected areas.
DO NOT rub the affected area, because rubbing causes damage to the skin and tissue.
Seek medical attention as soon as possible.
HYPOTHERMIA- (Medical Emergency)
What Happens to the Body:
Normal body temperature (98.6oF) drops to or below 95oF. Fatigue or drowsiness; uncontrolled shivering; cool bluish skin; slurred speech; clumsy movements; irritable, irrational or confused behavior.
What Should be Done? (land temperatures)
Call for emergency help (e.g. Ambulance or Call 911).
Move the person to a warm dry area. Don’t leave the person alone. Remove any wet clothing and replace with warm, dry clothing or wrap the person in blankets.
Have the person drink warm, sweet drinks (sugar water or sports type drinks) if they are alert. Avoid drinks with caffeine (coffee, tea, or hot chocolate) or alcohol.
What Should be Done? (water temperatures)
Call for emergency help (e.g. Ambulance or Call 911). Body heat is lost up to 25 times faster in water.
DO NOT remove any clothing. Button, buckle, zip and tighten any collars, cuffs, shoes and hoods because the layer of trapped water closest to the body provides a layer of insulation that slows the loss of heat. Keep the head out of water and put on a hat or hood.
Get out of the water as quickly as possible or climb on anything floating. DO NOT attempt to swim unless a floating object or another person can be reached because swimming or other physical activity uses the body’s heat and reduces survival time by about 50%.
If getting out of the water is not possible, wait quietly and conserve body heat by folding arms across the chest, keeping thighs together, bending knees, and crossing ankles. If another person is in the water, huddle together with chests held closely.
Avoid slips and falls
Walking on snow or ice is especially treacherous and wearing proper footwear is essential.
Wear ice cleats on icy sidewalks or streets.
When walking on an icy or snow-covered walkway, take short steps and walk at a slower pace so you can react quickly to a change in traction.
Be on the lookout for vehicles which may have lost traction and are slipping towards you. Be aware that approaching vehicles may not be able to stop at crosswalks or traffic signals.
Walk carefully inside buildings when you have wet boots. Brush snow off or remove wet boots. Walk carefully on wet floors inside buildings.
Use care when shoveling snow
Snow plow driving safety
Wintertime driving poses many significant hazards
Keep truck or equipment in good condition.
-Make sure that battery and ignition system, heater and defroster, windshield wipers, brakes,
tires and exhaust system are in good condition.
-Be sure the windshield wipers are functioning properly, all lights are in good working order,
tire treads are in good condition, and the tires are filled to the proper pressure.
Check fluid levels and top off before driving in hazardous conditions. Be sure the windshield wiper fluid, power steering and brake fluid, antifreeze, and engine oil are at the normal levels, and the engine has the proper weight of oil for winter driving.
Keep a full gas tank.
Clear snow from headlights and tail lights before beginning to drive so that you can see and be seen.
Carry emergency equipment such as radio or cell phone with fully charged batteries, flashlight, ice scraper, tire chains, jumper cables, flares, first aid kit, tools, windshield fluid, small shovel, sleeping bag, extra gloves and hats, drinking water, and food.
Snow plow safety (cont.)
Use extra caution when driving/plowing near pedestrians. Slow down or stop when approaching pedestrians.
Maintain good steering capability. Many of the front blade plows will have a digging action that may lift all the weight from the front steering wheels. This makes it difficult to steer effectively. Operators should reduce the amount of snow bite or add more weight on the unit's front.
Have several drop points for the snow. Most blades and sweeps push the snow to one side. In wet, heavy snow the accumulation may not flow. Instead, it may stick and ball in front of the blade or sweeper. For these situations, have plenty of drop points and move the loads into the drop points as needed.
Take small bites that will flow across the blade surface. Approach piles of snow at a reasonable speed. The impact of the blade on a pile of snow when approached at a fast speed can severely damage the machine's drive train and possibly injure or throw the operator from the machine.
Stay clear of obstacles like curbs, stumps, posts, bridges and rocks that are close to embankments. Striking any of these objects could cause damage to the plow, machine, or truck.
Salt/anti-skid safety
When spreading salt/antiskid:
Salt can be spread using a vehicle mounted spreader or a walk behind spreader.
Perform general preventive maintenance on the spreader before using. Don’t operate the salt spreader attachment without proper training.
Avoid lifting injuries- Use caution when loading the hopper to spreaders. Use proper lifting techniques. If using bags of salt, lift with knees (not back). Don’t lift bags above chest. Get help lifting bags if they weight more than 50 pounds. If possible, load salt into hoppers using mechanical equipment.
Vehicle safety- Use appropriate warning lights on vehicles when salting roadways and beware of other vehicles and pedestrians.
Walk behind spreaders- Walk carefully when spreading salt on slippery walks.
Don’t use hands to unclog the hopper or the spreader plate on vehicle mounted spreaders.
Wear appropriate clothing- winter coveralls, boots, gloves, etc.
Use salt wisely- Try to minimize spreading salt beyond paved surfaces to minimize damage to grass and plants.
Winter Safety Summary
1- Stay warm
2- Avoid Slips and Falls
3- Use care when shoveling snow.
4- Plow safely
5- Be safe when applying salt/antiskid.
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