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BULLYING: Practical Interventions for Teachers

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on 26 November 2013

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Transcript of BULLYING: Practical Interventions for Teachers

Teacher Interventions
More Teacher Interventions
Still More Teacher Interventions
Bullying: Practical Interventions for Teachers
Effects of Bullying
Victims are likely to experience the following:
Low self-esteem and poor relationships
Depression, anxiety, and conduct problems
Lower academic achievement
Increased absences
Suicidal thoughts and actions
How Bullying Affects Teachers
Students involved with bullying show poor attendance and lower academic success.
Victims typically have lower standardized test scores.
Student behavior is the second greatest stressor for teachers.
Bullying can lead to school violence.
Sanford Middle School Policy
Find out what happened and call the situation into the discipline office
Don't investigate, the deans will do a thorough investigation.
Allow any student who wishes to write a statement to do so.
Don't minimize any situation, however use discretion to determine if bullying has occurred.
Advise students that deans will attempt to make an observation, if possible.
Incorporate the Topic of Bullying Into Your Lesson Plans
Lead a discussion about bullying and its painful effects.
Have students create an art project related to bullying.
Have students write a story/poem, or complete a research assignment about bullying.
Role-play scenarios in class.
Emphasize the importance of respecting others.
Assign a reading about bullying.
Assign a project about civil rights and bullying.
Make posters for the school about cyber bullying and being safe online.
Utilize teachable moments!
Pryce, S., & Frederickson, N. (2013). Bullying Behaviour, Intentions and Classroom Ecology. Learning Environments Research, 16(2), 183-199.
Hektner, J. M., & Swenson, C. A. (2012). Links from Teacher Beliefs to Peer Victimization and Bystander Intervention: Tests of Mediating Processes. Journal Of Early Adolescence, 32(4), 516-536.
Kahn, J. H., Jones, J. L., & Wieland, A. L. (2012). Preservice Teachers' Coping Styles and Their Responses to Bullying. Psychology In The Schools, 49(8), 784-793.
Whitley, J., Smith, J., & Vaillancourt, T. (2013). Promoting Mental Health Literacy among Educators: Critical in School-Based Prevention and Intervention. Canadian Journal Of School Psychology, 28(1), 56-70.
Frisen, A., Hasselblad, T., & Holmqvist, K. (2012). What Actually Makes Bullying Stop? Reports from Former Victims. Journal Of Adolescence, 35(4), 981-990.
Morgan, H. (2012). What Teachers and Schools Can Do to Control the Growing Problem of School Bullying. Clearing House: A Journal Of Educational Strategies, Issues And Ideas, 85(5), 174-178.
Kahn, J. H., Jones, J. L., & Wieland, A. L. (2012). Preservice Teachers' Coping Styles and Their Responses to Bullying. Psychology In The Schools, 49(8), 784-793.
What is bullying?
"Systematically and chronically inflicting physical hurt or psychological distress on another person including: unwanted and repeated written, verbal, or physical behavior that is severe or pervasive enough to create an intimidating, hostile, or offensive educational environment; cause discomfort or humiliation; or unreasonably interfere with the individual's school performance or participation."
Verbal Bullying
Name calling
Inappropriate sexual comments
Threatening to cause harm
Physical Bullying
Hitting, kicking, pinching
Tripping, pushing
Taking or breaking another student's things
Making rude or threatening gestures
Social/Relational Bullying
Leaving someone out on purpose
Telling other children not to be friends with someone
Spreading rumors
Embarrassing another student in public
A 2008 study concludes:
The rise in school shootings in the U.S. is
related to bullying.
Cyber Bullying
Mean or threatening text messages
Rumors spread via email or social networking sites
Embarrassing photos, videos, or fake profiles
The Prevalence of Bullying...
...is highest in grades
6th through 8th.
The Teacher's Role
Notice and intervene in bullying situations
The beliefs of teachers impact the level of bullying in schools
Students model teacher reactions and behaviors
The Teacher's Role Cont.
Create a warm classroom environment accepting of differences
Teach students more pro-social ways of interacting
Teachers who believe bullying is normal are less likely to intervene, causing higher levels of victimization in schools.
What Doesn't Work?
Ignoring the situation
Telling victims to learn to stand up for themselves
Advising students to stay away from bullies
Mediation between bully and victim
The success of any intervention
relies on the commitment of the
entire school community!
School staff, in general, have a tendency to minimize the prevalence of bullying in their schools.
What else can teachers do?
Stop bullying on the spot
Send a message that it is not ok
make sure everyone is safe
stay calm
support the students involved
assure the victim it is not their fault
call in to discipline office immediately
refer students to school counselor if necessary
follow up to show a commitment to ending bullying
support bystanders & educate them on how to intervene
Research shows negative outcomes are the same for all different types of bullying.
Typical victims already experience low
self-esteem and anxiety, and do not
always have the coping skills necessary to
stand up against a bully.
This reinforces bully
behavior if they are
using social exclusion.
Attempting to mediate between
students can increase feelings
of victimization. Research shows
mediation doesn't work.
If educators do not intervene, bullies will perceive that lack of action as a license for continuing bullying behaviors!

Who Are Bullies?
Bullies can be high achievers who are looked upon favorably because of social/academic standing.
Bullies can be at-risk students.
They may have experienced abuse or neglect at home.
Bullies need role models too!
The Olweus Plan
Used in VA with 63% decrease in frequency of bullying
81% decrease in teachers having to speak to students about bullying
Students showed academic growth & improvement in standardized test scores
Olweus Plan Steps
Establish rules and sanctions related to bullying
Create an environment that encourages
warmth and respect.
Establish yourself as an authority with the responsibility of making the school experience safe.
Provide students with
positive reinforcement
for good behavior.
Respond quickly when bullying occurs, and consistently use non hostile negative consequences for instigators when it happens.
to parent and student reports involving bullying in your classroom.
If a bullying incident occurs, notify parents of all involved students and resolve the conflict expeditiously
(deans will handle)
If necessary, refer the student to school counselor.
Provide opportunities for class
during which students can talk about bullying.
Involve parents in cases involving bullying and provide them with information.
Amy Valentino
David Lawson
School Counseling Interns
University of Central Florida
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