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Methods and Approaches
Transcript of Methods and Approaches
Approach is Language Teaching the theory principles and beliefs, Methods and Approaches Traditional
Teaching Grammar Translation
Method The Audio Lingual Method Memorization Focused on reading and writing, not paying atention on listening and speaking. Direct Method The L2 is similar to L1 Work on 4 skills of L2, but emphasizing listing and speaking. Based on the concept of teaching linguistic patterns in combination with the formation of habits Skills are taugh in the natural order of acquisition: Listening, Speaking Reading and Writing Grammar: Deductively Vocabulary: List of bilingual words There's no Interaction The teacher is authoritarian.
Students obey instructions Grammar:
Vocabulary: Inductively is emphasized over grammar Use of realia, pictures, or gestures Teacher gives direct instruction.
Students express personal opinions with the whole class. Grammar:
Vocabulary: No grammatical explanation is introduced trough examples Is represented through dialogues. Focus on pronunciation Teacher is encourages the practice of the structure.
Students imitating the teacher. Total Physical
Approach Competency Based
Approach Communicative Language Teaching Is based in functions of the language Speaking is the aim for being understood Grammar awareness will emerge naturally from practice in communicative Interaction Vocabulary Ss. experience new vocabulary in a situation. the teacher is seen as a facilitator, he she establishes the situation context
Students are communicators, trying to make themselves understood Focuses on the skills and talents needed to be able to perform a particular task uses a series of assessment tools the Ss learn the language by listening an d responding to the spoken target language and reacting with their body Grammar: is taught in an inductively way Vocabulary: is emphazised The Instructor issues commands
Students perform the actions Skills, grammar, and vocabulary are sequenced according to the learners needs. Innovative Language Teaching The Silent way Community Language Learnig Learning is more effective if learners discover the rules, for themselves. 4 skills are taught from the beginning, though reading and writing are sequence to follow. Inductive Learning of Grammar
Vocabulary is seen as a central dimension of language learning The teacher is monitoring the students performance.
The Students they are expect to become independent. The aim is to involve the learners whole personality to achieve linguistic or communicative competence in social situations The teacher is more supportive as opposed to being authiritative Learning is not viewed as an individual accomplishment but as something that is achieve colaboratively Modern Laguage Teaching lexical chunks are words that in a langauge can go together PPP Approach Presentation, Practice
Production Presentation: Students learn unconsciously Practice: interaction teacher speaks a lot.
errors are allowed Production: Students are ready to use the language freely Suggestopedia The intended purpose of Suggestopedia was to enhance learning by tapping into the power of suggestion. Physical surroundings and atmosphere in classroom are the vital factors to make sure that "the students feel comfortable and confident