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Intro to Rights and Responsibilities
Transcript of Intro to Rights and Responsibilities
What is RIGHTS?
Things to which you are entitled or allowed
freedom that are guarantee and universal
What is RESPONSIBILITIES?
are duties, obligations and accountability.
things that you have to do
Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs
something that you cannot live without, a must have
something that you like; you can live without it
Outline of the Unit
Rights, Wants and Needs
Origin of Human Rights
30 Universal Rights
Responsibilities that are entailed by having Rights
Consequences and Crimes
You are a Survivor!
You're going on a Trip!
You are going Camping!
Before we move on..
What are rights?
Why do we have rights?
What is the difference between Needs and Wants?
Where do Rights come from?
a man; a woman; a child; a person
things you are entitled; freedom; guaranteed
rights that you have simply because you're human; applied to absolutely everyone everywhere; universal
Imagine there are no Human Rights
Cyrus the Great
- a man who made a difference
- "all slaves are free to go' & "all people are free to choose who they want to be with as well as their religion"
- human rights were born: CYRUS CYLINDER
- world's 1st charter of human rights
- notice that people follow certain laws even if they weren't told to:
- no one can overrule the right to the people; not even a king. 1st legal
document in establishing freedom
King John of England
- king who violated a number of ancient laws and customs
- his subjects asked him to sign the "Great Charter'
Laws included in Magna Carta
- the right of the church to be free from government interference
- rights of citizens to own and inherit property and to be protected from excessive taxes
- rights of widows to choose not to remarry
- contained provisions forbidding briber and official misconduct
Petition of Right (1628)
- produced by the English Parliament from the initiative of Sir Edward Coke
people's rights were finally recognized
came up with a long list that they insist was not made up but natural
The story behind the Petition of Rights
- The parliament refused to financially support the king's foreign policy. What the king did, he issued taxes on civilians in support of the soldiers.
No taxes may be levied without consent of Parliament
No subject may be imprisoned without cause shown
No soldiers may be quarteed upon the citizenry
Martial law may not be used in time of peace
United States Declaration of Independence (1776)
- widely held by the Americans and spread internationally
- authored by Thomas Jefferson
Philosophically, the Declaration stressed two themes:
(a) individual rights
(b) right of revolution
The Constitution of the United States of America (1787)
- fundamental law of the US federal system of government
- defines the principal organs of government and their jurisdictions and the basic rights of citizens
Bill of Rights (1791)
-came into effect December 15, 1791
-limits the powers of the federal government
-protect the rights
Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen (1789)
LAW - expression of the general will
The First Geneva Convention (1864)
- adopt a convention for the treatment of wounded soldiers in combat
to extend care without discriminated to wounded and sick military personnel
respect for and marking of medical personnel transports and equipment
The United Nations (1945)
- because of the wars that erupted, delegates from 50 countries met in San Francisco in April 1945
- make an international body to promote peace and prevent future wars
"We the peoples of the United Nations are determined to save succeeding generations from the scourge of war, which twice in our lifetime has brought untold sorrow to mankind"
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948)
- 1st time: thirty articles of human rights that are assembled and codified into a single document.
"the international Magna Carta for all mankind"
- under the chairmanship of ELEANOR ROOSEVELT, the commission came up with this document.
- adapted by the United Nations on December 10, 1948
"All humans beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights"